Abstract

Liquid crystal on silicon (LCoS) devices usually show spatial phase nonuniformity (SPNU) in applications of phase modulation, which comprises the phase retardance nonuniformity (PRNU) as a function of the applied voltage and inherent wavefront distortion (WFD) introduced by the device itself. We propose a multipoint calibration method utilizing a Fizeau interferometer to compensate SPNU of the device. Calibration of PRNU is realized by defining a grid of 3×6 cells onto the aperture and then calculating phase retardance of each cell versus a gradient gray pattern. With designing an adjusted gray pattern calculated by the calibrated multipoint phase retardance function, compensation of inherent WFD is achieved. The peak-to-valley (PV) value of the residual WFD compensated by the multipoint calibration method is significantly reduced from 2.5λ to 0.140λ, while the PV value of the residual WFD after global calibration is reduced to 0.364λ. Experimental results of the generated finite-energy 2D Airy beams in Fourier space demonstrate the effectiveness of this multipoint calibration method.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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