Abstract

HfO2/SiO2 periodic multilayer high reflection mirrors have been prepared by a reactive electron-beam evaporation technique. The deposited mirrors were annealed in the temperature range from 300°C to 500°C. The effects of annealing on optical, microstructural, and laser-induced damage characteristics of the mirrors have been investigated. The high reflection band of the mirror shifts toward a shorter wavelength with increasing annealing temperature. As-deposited and annealed mirrors show polycrystalline structure with a monoclinic phase of HfO2. Crystalinity and grain size increase upon annealing. The laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) has been assessed using a 532 nm pulsed laser at a pulse width of 7 ns. The LIDT value of the multilayer mirror increases from 44.1  J/cm2 to 77.6  J/cm2 with annealing up to 400°C. The improvement of LIDT with annealing is explained through oxygen vacancy defects as well as grain-size-dependent thermal conductivity. Finally, the observed laser damage morphology, such as circular scalds and ablated multilayer stacks with terrace structure, are analyzed.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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