Abstract

In this work, we have designed a photonic-metamaterial based broadband circular polarizer using N=4 phase-lagged aluminum single helices arranged in a square array as a unit cell. The effect of phase differences between the helices in an array on the optical performance of the structure is studied, and a comparative study is done with that of multi-intertwined helices. It is observed that the proposed metamaterial structure shows circular polarization sensitivity over a broad optical wavelength range (450900nm), with improved optical performance in average extinction ratio and broad positive circular dichroism in comparison to multiple intertwined helices. The induced phase lag between the helices in a square-array based unit cell reduces the linear birefringence and leads to the recovery of circular space symmetry in the structure.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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