Abstract

Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (SHS) is based on traditional Michelson interferometry. However, instead of employing retro-reflectors in the interferometer arms, one or both of which are moving, it uses fixed, tilted diffraction gratings and an imaging detector to spatially sample the optical path differences. This concept allows high-resolution, high-throughput spectroscopy without moving interferometer parts, particularly suitable for problems that require compact, robust instrumentation. Here, we briefly review about 20 years of ground- and space-based SHS work performed at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), which started with a visit by Prof. Fred Roesler to NRL in 1993.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. M. Harlander, R. J. Reynolds, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths,” Astrophys. J. 396, 730–740 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).
  4. C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. G. Cardon, and F. L. Roesler, “Correction of phase distortion in spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6680–6687 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. E. Lawlor, Z. E. Labby, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Broadband, high-resolution spatial heterodyne spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6371–6384 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. O. R. Dawson and W. M. Harris, “Tunable, all-reflective spatial heterodyne spectrometer for broadband spectral line studies in the visible and near-ultraviolet,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4227–4238 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.
  11. D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for long-wave infrared: First measurements of broadband spectra,” Opt. Eng. 48, 105602 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): concept and experimental demonstration,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7297–7307 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. T. Emmert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Initial thermospheric wind measurements using a ground-based DASH interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 27416–27430 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. M. Harlander, C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Design and laboratory tests of a Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) interferometer for upper atmospheric wind and temperature observations,” Opt. Express 18, 26430–26440 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
    [Crossref]
  25. G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. M. Harlander and C. R. Englert, “Design of a real-fringe DASH interferometer for observations of thermospheric winds from a small satellite,” in OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Imaging and Applied Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper FW1D.2.
  27. R. A. Doe and S. Watchorn, “Climate-monitoring cubesat mission (CM2): a project for global Mesopause temperature sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530Q (2011).
    [Crossref]
  28. G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

R. A. Doe and S. Watchorn, “Climate-monitoring cubesat mission (CM2): a project for global Mesopause temperature sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530Q (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. T. Emmert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Initial thermospheric wind measurements using a ground-based DASH interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 27416–27430 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Design and laboratory tests of a Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) interferometer for upper atmospheric wind and temperature observations,” Opt. Express 18, 26430–26440 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for long-wave infrared: First measurements of broadband spectra,” Opt. Eng. 48, 105602 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. R. Dawson and W. M. Harris, “Tunable, all-reflective spatial heterodyne spectrometer for broadband spectral line studies in the visible and near-ultraviolet,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4227–4238 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. E. Lawlor, Z. E. Labby, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Broadband, high-resolution spatial heterodyne spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6371–6384 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. G. Cardon, and F. L. Roesler, “Correction of phase distortion in spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6680–6687 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

J. M. Harlander, R. J. Reynolds, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths,” Astrophys. J. 396, 730–740 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alunni, J. M.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Atkin, R.

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Babcock, D. D.

Bailey, S. M.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bernhardt, P. A.

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Brown, C. M.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Brown, S.

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brun, J.-F.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Brune, S.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cardon, J. G.

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. G. Cardon, and F. L. Roesler, “Correction of phase distortion in spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6680–6687 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.

Castelaz, M.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

Chakrabarti, S.

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

Charlot, P.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cogger, L. L.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Conway, R. R.

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cook, T.

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cotton, D.

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

Coy, L.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dawson, O. R.

Desaulniers, D.-L.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Doe, R. A.

R. A. Doe and S. Watchorn, “Climate-monitoring cubesat mission (CM2): a project for global Mesopause temperature sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530Q (2011).
[Crossref]

Drob, D. P.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

Eckermann, S. D.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

Emmert, J. T.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. T. Emmert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Initial thermospheric wind measurements using a ground-based DASH interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 27416–27430 (2010).
[Crossref]

Englert, C. R.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. T. Emmert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Initial thermospheric wind measurements using a ground-based DASH interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 27416–27430 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Design and laboratory tests of a Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) interferometer for upper atmospheric wind and temperature observations,” Opt. Express 18, 26430–26440 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for long-wave infrared: First measurements of broadband spectra,” Opt. Eng. 48, 105602 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): concept and experimental demonstration,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7297–7307 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. G. Cardon, and F. L. Roesler, “Correction of phase distortion in spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6680–6687 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander and C. R. Englert, “Design of a real-fringe DASH interferometer for observations of thermospheric winds from a small satellite,” in OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Imaging and Applied Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper FW1D.2.

J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.

Evans, W. F. J.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Firestone, D.

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gattinger, R. L.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gault, W. A.

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Girod, F.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gumbel, J.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

Harlander, J. M.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Design and laboratory tests of a Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) interferometer for upper atmospheric wind and temperature observations,” Opt. Express 18, 26430–26440 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. T. Emmert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Initial thermospheric wind measurements using a ground-based DASH interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 27416–27430 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for long-wave infrared: First measurements of broadband spectra,” Opt. Eng. 48, 105602 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. E. Lawlor, Z. E. Labby, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Broadband, high-resolution spatial heterodyne spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6371–6384 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): concept and experimental demonstration,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7297–7307 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. G. Cardon, and F. L. Roesler, “Correction of phase distortion in spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6680–6687 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, R. J. Reynolds, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths,” Astrophys. J. 396, 730–740 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander and C. R. Englert, “Design of a real-fringe DASH interferometer for observations of thermospheric winds from a small satellite,” in OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Imaging and Applied Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper FW1D.2.

J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.

Harris, W. M.

Harvie, D.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hersom, C.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hervig, M.

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hervig, M. E.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, P.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hooks, C.

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoppel, K. W.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hum, R. H.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jaehnig, K. P.

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kendall, D. J. W.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Klein, P. A.

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kochenash, A.

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kochenash, A. J.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

Labby, Z. E.

Lawlor, J. E.

Llewellyn, E. J.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lowe, R. P.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lumpe, J.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Makela, J. J.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

Marr, K. D.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

McCormack, J. P.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

Meriwether, J. W.

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

Miller, I. J.

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mount, G. H.

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, K.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

Offermann, D.

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ohrt, J.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pasternak, F.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Peillet, O.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Petelina, S. V.

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pickett, H. M.

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

Powell, I.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Preusse, P.

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

Randall, C. E.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rapp, M.

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, R. J.

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, R. J. Reynolds, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths,” Astrophys. J. 396, 730–740 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rochon, Y.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Roesler, F. L.

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Design and laboratory tests of a Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) interferometer for upper atmospheric wind and temperature observations,” Opt. Express 18, 26430–26440 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. T. Emmert, D. D. Babcock, and F. L. Roesler, “Initial thermospheric wind measurements using a ground-based DASH interferometer,” Opt. Express 18, 27416–27430 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. E. Lawlor, Z. E. Labby, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Broadband, high-resolution spatial heterodyne spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6371–6384 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, J. G. Cardon, and F. L. Roesler, “Correction of phase distortion in spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 43, 6680–6687 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. M. Harlander, R. J. Reynolds, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths,” Astrophys. J. 396, 730–740 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.

Rong, P.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

Russell, J. M.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sandersa, W. T.

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, G. G.

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Siefring, C. L.

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

Singer, W.

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

Siskind, D. E.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
[Crossref]

Solheim, B. H.

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Stephan, S. G.

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

Stevens, M. H.

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.

Summers, M. E.

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

Thuillier, G.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vickers, J.

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

von Savigny, C.

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ward, W. E.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Watchorn, S.

R. A. Doe and S. Watchorn, “Climate-monitoring cubesat mission (CM2): a project for global Mesopause temperature sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530Q (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wiens, R. H.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wimperis, J.

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, R. R. Conway, C. M. Brown, and J. Wimperis, “Robust monolithic ultraviolet interferometer for the SHIMMER instrument on STPSat-1,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2829–2834 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

Zasadil, S. E.

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Astrophys. J. (2)

J. M. Harlander, R. J. Reynolds, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for the exploration of diffuse interstellar emission lines at far-ultraviolet wavelengths,” Astrophys. J. 396, 730–740 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. G. Stephan, S. Chakrabarti, J. Vickers, T. Cook, and D. Cotton, “Interplanetary H Lyα observations from a sounding rocket,” Astrophys. J. 559, 491–500 (2001).
[Crossref]

Can. Aeronaut. Space J. (1)

G. G. Shepherd, B. H. Solheim, S. Brown, W. A. Gault, and I. J. Miller, “Integration of spatial heterodyne spectroscopy with the stratospheric wind interferometer for transport studies (SWIFT),” Can. Aeronaut. Space J. 58, 115–121 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

R. R. Conway, M. E. Summers, M. H. Stevens, J. G. Cardon, P. Preusse, and D. Offermann, “Satellite observations of upper stratospheric and mesospheric OH: the HOx dilemma,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2613–2616 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, H. M. Pickett, C. von Savigny, and A. J. Kochenash, “First results from the spatial heterodyne imager for mesospheric radicals (SHIMMER): diurnal variation of mesospheric hydroxyl,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L19813 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. (1)

D. Firestone, R. Atkin, C. Hooks, C. R. Englert, D. E. Siskind, P. A. Bernhardt, C. L. Siefring, and P. A. Klein, “Low-cost, automated ground station for LEO mission support,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 26(3), 12–18 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. (3)

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, C. M. Brown, J. W. Meriwether, J. J. Makela, M. Castelaz, J. T. Emmert, D. P. Drob, and K. D. Marr, “Coincident thermospheric wind measurements using ground-based doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne (DASH) and Fabry–Perot instruments,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 86, 92–98 (2012). doi:
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, S. V. Petelina, W. Singer, and K. Nielsen, “The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55°N observed by SHIMMER,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 401–407 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, D. E. Siskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M. H. Stevens, C. R. Englert, and M. Hervig, “High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007,” J. Atmosp. Sol. Terr. Phys. 71, 531–551 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (5)

J. M. Russell, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel, “Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling,” J. Geophys. Res. 119, 3238–3250 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, J. M. Harlander, and F. L. Roesler, “Spatial Heterodyne Imager for Mesospheric Radicals on STPSat-1,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D20306 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. R. Conway, M. H. Stevens, C. M. Brown, J. G. Cardon, S. E. Zasadil, and G. H. Mount, “Middle atmosphere high resolution spectrograph investigation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 16327–16348 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, S. Brune, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, F. Girod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Wiens, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the upper atmosphere research satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10725–10750 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. H. Stevens, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, C. R. Englert, K. W. Hoppel, K. Nielsen, A. J. Kochenash, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, M. Rapp, and P. Hoffmann, “Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D18209 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. R. Englert, D. D. Babcock, and J. M. Harlander, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for long-wave infrared: First measurements of broadband spectra,” Opt. Eng. 48, 105602 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, C. R. Englert, J. G. Cardon, and J. Wimperis, “Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy for high spectral resolution space-based remote sensing,” Opt. Photon. News 15(1), 46–51 (2004).

Proc. SPIE (3)

S. Watchorn, F. L. Roesler, J. M. Harlander, K. P. Jaehnig, R. J. Reynolds, and W. T. Sandersa, “Development of the spatial heterodyne spectrometer for VUV remote sensing of the interstellar medium,” Proc. SPIE 4498, 284–295 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, D. D. Babcock, M. H. Stevens, and D. E. Siskind, “Doppler asymmetric spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (DASH): an innovative concept for measuring winds in planetary atmospheres,” Proc. SPIE 6303, 63030T (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Doe and S. Watchorn, “Climate-monitoring cubesat mission (CM2): a project for global Mesopause temperature sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8153, 81530Q (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. M. Harlander and C. R. Englert, “Design of a real-fringe DASH interferometer for observations of thermospheric winds from a small satellite,” in OSA Optics and Photonics Congress, Imaging and Applied Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper FW1D.2.

J. G. Cardon, C. R. Englert, J. M. Harlander, F. L. Roesler, and M. H. Stevens, “SHIMMER on STS-112: development and proof-of-concept flight,” presented at the AIAA Space 2003—Conference & Exposition, Long Beach, California, 23–25 September 2003.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the basic SHS configuration. For each wavelength in the incident wavefront, two wavefronts with a wavelength-dependent crossing angle between them exit the interferometer. The resulting Fizeau fringes have wavelength-dependent spatial frequencies, are localized near the gratings, and are imaged by exit optics on a position-sensitive detector. The image is the Fourier transform of the input spectrum about the heterodyne wavelength (the wavelength producing parallel output wavefronts). The arrow indicates the typical location of the detector for FTS and Fabry–Perot spectrometry. At this position, the interferometer elements are completely out of focus [2].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

View into the SHIMMER-MIDDECK Spectrometer. From the top left counterclockwise: telescope, SHS interferometer components mounted in a VascoMax steel cage, relay optics, CCD camera [10].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Monolithic SHS interferometer for the near UV, flown as part of SHIMMER on STPSat-1. All elements are made of fused silica and are optically contacted [2].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Artist’s conception of STPSat-1 on orbit (courtesy of AeroAstro).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

3D model of one of the two identical optical sensors of the MIGHTI instrument. The components are described in the text.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

False color image taken with MIGHTI Engineering Unit Camera. Laser lines with wavelengths close to the oxygen red and green airglow lines were used to illuminate instrument field of view in the laboratory. The dichroic wedge separates the colors on the CCD so they appear side by side. The fringes are created by the SHS interferometer and the periodic structure on the top is an image of a notch pattern on one grating, which allows for the assessment of image drift on the CCD. Below the red image are five near-infrared filter elements that provide a photometric measurement of the oxygen A-band shape. This section appears dark here, since no in-band light entered the instrument. The approximate positions of the filters are indicated by white lines.

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