Abstract

By scanning near-field optical microscopy, we study the propagation of surface waves created by V-shaped nanorods deposited on a gold thin film. The nanorods launch surface plasmon polaritons that interfere with the incident light, producing interference patterns. The angle of the V-shaped rods varies from 110° to 180° (straight rod). We observe that the near-field distribution strongly depends on the angle of the V. For angles close to straight rods, a hot spot is visible, whereas for a narrower angle, the surface plasmon waves are launched in specific directions. The experimental results are in good qualitative agreement with numerical simulations performed with a simple analytical model that considers the rods as a sum of isolated surface plasmon sources.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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