Abstract

The environmental measuring instrument (EMI) is a nadir-viewing wide-field imaging spectrometer, which adopts spaceborne diffusers in in-flight calibration systems, including an aluminum diffuser and a quartz volume diffuser. Spaceborne diffusers, are the key components of in-flight calibration systems, and are used to introduce sunlight into the EMI. Hemispheric reflectance and bidirectional reflectance distribution function were experimentally measured to analyze spaceborne diffuser performance. Radiation exposure experiments on atomic oxygen, UV, and radiation dose of the spaceborne diffusers were performed at ground level because the EMI works in low Earth orbit space environments. Effects of radiation exposure on spaceborne diffusers were discussed in detail. Protective methods were introduced to reduce the effects of the space environment, and an in-orbit monitoring method was also proposed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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