Abstract

We propose a high-thermal-conductivity infrared filter using alumina for millimeter-wave detection systems. We constructed a prototype two-layer antireflection-coated alumina filter with a diameter of 100 mm and a thickness of 2 mm and characterized its thermal and optical properties. The transmittance of this filter at 95 and 150 GHz is 97% and 95%, respectively, while the estimated 3 dB cut-off frequency is at 450 GHz. The high thermal conductivity of alumina minimizes thermal gradients. We measure a differential temperature of only 0.21 K between the center and the edge of the filter when it is mounted on a thermal anchor of 77 K. We also constructed a thermal model based on the prototype filter and analyzed the scalability of the filter diameter. We conclude that the temperature increase at the center of the alumina IR filter is less than 6 K, even with a large diameter of 500 mm, when the temperature at the edge of the filter is 50 K. This is suitable for an application to a large-throughput next-generation cosmic-microwave-background polarization experiment such as POLARBEAR-2.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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