Abstract

We propose a method based on six-pinhole interferometers to generate vortex arrays with topological charge 2, only with plane wave illumination. The six-pinhole interferometer is composed of two concentric symmetrical three-pinhole interferometers with different radial distances of the pinholes and a relative rotation of 60 deg from each other. In the Fourier domain, the vortices with second-order topological charge are generated when the radial distances of the two three-pinhole interferometers satisfy some certain ratios. Due to the symmetry of the six-pinhole interferometer, such vortices are distributed at the vertices of some symmetrically distributed regular hexagons. The experimental results obtained in a focal-to-focal system show satisfactory coincidence with the calculations.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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