Abstract

A 3D display based on a parallax barrier with multiview zones is proposed. This display consists of a 2D display panel and a parallax barrier. The basic element of the parallax barrier has three narrow slits. They can show three columns of subpixels on the 2D display panel and form 3D pixels. The parallax barrier can provide multiview zones. In these multiview zones, the proposed 3D display can use a small number of views to achieve a high density of views. Therefore, the distance between views is the same as the conventional ones with more views. Considering the proposed display has fewer views, which bring more 3D pixels in the 3D images, the resolution and brightness will be higher than the conventional ones. A 12-view prototype of the proposed 3D display is developed, and it provides the same density of views as a conventional one with 28 views. Experimental results show the proposed display has higher resolution and brightness than the conventional one. The cross talk is also limited at a low level.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

2012 (1)

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

2011 (1)

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2005 (1)

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bahn, J. E.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bourhill, G.

D. U. Kean, D. J. Montgomery, J. Mather, G. Bourhill, and G. R. Jones, “Parallax barrier and multiple view display,” U.S. patent No. 7,154,653 B2 (26December2006).

Brug, J.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Char, K.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. J.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. J.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deng, H.

Dodgson, N. A.

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display,” in Proceedings of the International Broadcasting Convention (IBC ’99) (Cambridge University, 1999).

Dominguez-Montes, J.

J. Dominguez-Montes, “Double active parallax barrier for viewing stereoscopic images,” European Patent No. EP1462841A1 (29September2004).

Fattal, D.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

Hong, J.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Hong, K.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Jones, G. R.

D. U. Kean, D. J. Montgomery, J. Mather, G. Bourhill, and G. R. Jones, “Parallax barrier and multiple view display,” U.S. patent No. 7,154,653 B2 (26December2006).

Jung, J. H.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Kang, D. S.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, T.

T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kean, D. U.

D. U. Kean, D. J. Montgomery, J. Mather, G. Bourhill, and G. R. Jones, “Parallax barrier and multiple view display,” U.S. patent No. 7,154,653 B2 (26December2006).

Kim, S. K.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Lang, S. R.

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display,” in Proceedings of the International Broadcasting Convention (IBC ’99) (Cambridge University, 1999).

Lee, B.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Lee, H. H.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. W.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Li, D. H.

Luo, C. G.

Lv, G. J.

Mather, J.

D. U. Kean, D. J. Montgomery, J. Mather, G. Bourhill, and G. R. Jones, “Parallax barrier and multiple view display,” U.S. patent No. 7,154,653 B2 (26December2006).

Montgomery, D. J.

D. U. Kean, D. J. Montgomery, J. Mather, G. Bourhill, and G. R. Jones, “Parallax barrier and multiple view display,” U.S. patent No. 7,154,653 B2 (26December2006).

Moore, J. R.

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display,” in Proceedings of the International Broadcasting Convention (IBC ’99) (Cambridge University, 1999).

Oh, S. G.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, J. H.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Park, J. M.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Saveljev, V. V.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Son, J. Y.

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suh, K. Y.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y. H.

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vo, S.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A. H.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q. H.

Wu, F.

Yeom, J.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Yoon, H.

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W. X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Computer (1)

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D displays,” Computer 38, 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Displays (1)

T. Kawai, “3D display and applications,” Displays 23, 49–56 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Yoon, S. G. Oh, D. S. Kang, J. M. Park, S. J. Choi, K. Y. Suh, K. Char, and H. H. Lee, “Arrays of Lucius microprisms for directional allocation of light and autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays,” Nat. Commun. 2, 455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A multi-directional backlight for a wide-angle, glasses-free three-dimensional display,” Nature 495, 348–351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y. J. Choi, J. E. Bahn, S. K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates.” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J. H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J. H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 130–138 (2012).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

J. Dominguez-Montes, “Double active parallax barrier for viewing stereoscopic images,” European Patent No. EP1462841A1 (29September2004).

D. U. Kean, D. J. Montgomery, J. Mather, G. Bourhill, and G. R. Jones, “Parallax barrier and multiple view display,” U.S. patent No. 7,154,653 B2 (26December2006).

N. A. Dodgson, J. R. Moore, and S. R. Lang, “Multi-view autostereoscopic 3D display,” in Proceedings of the International Broadcasting Convention (IBC ’99) (Cambridge University, 1999).

Q. H. Wang, 3D Display Technology and Device (Science, 2011).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of the proposed 3D display with multiview zones.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Matching relationship between the parallax barrier and the subpixels on the 2D display panel.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Conventional parallax barrier equivalent model of the proposed 3D display.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pictures shot at the optimal viewing distance. (a) Pictures from view zone 1, (b) pictures from view zone 2, (c) pictures from view zone 3, (d) pictures in crosstalk zone between view zone 1 and 2, and (e) pictures in cross-talk zone between view zones 2 and 3.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison between the proposed display and the conventional one. (a) Picture shot for the proposed 3D display. (b) Picture shot for the conventional 3D display.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Luminance distribution of the proposed 3D display.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of the Proposed 3D Display

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

l1=d2l2d1+d2,
l3=d2l2d1,
p1=36l2d2d1+d2,
p2=12l2d2d1.
R=3l3+2p2=27l3,
D=1l3=d1d2l2.

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