Abstract

Compact passively Q-switched YVO4 first Stokes Raman laser and its frequency doubling laser were reported by using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal for what is believed to be the first time. Nanosecond lasers at 1176 and 588 nm were obtained. At the incident pump power of 7.84 W, the average output power at 1176 nm was 423 mW with a pulse width of 1.32 ns and the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of 13.7 kHz. By applying a KTP crystal, an intracavity second harmonic generation (SHG) laser at 588 nm also was realized. With an incident pump power of 8.95 W, we obtained 105.3 mW average output power of a yellow laser corresponding to the pulse width of 4.95 ns and the PRF of 10.75 kHz. In addition, the composite crystal efficiently compacted the resonant cavity.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. M. Bonner, H. M. Pask, A. J. Lee, A. J. Kemp, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and T. Omatsu, “Measurement of thermal lensing in a CW BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Express 20, 9810–9818 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. F. Chen, “Efficient subnanosecond diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-stimulated Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1251–1253 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Cong, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, Z. Liu, X. Chen, S. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Tao, and S. Li, “Theoretical and experimental study on the Nd3+:YAG/BaWO4/KTP yellow laser generating 8.3  W output power,” Opt. Express 18, 12111–12118 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Ding, M. Wang, S. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Investigation on LD end-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd: YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 21, 13052–13061 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Duan, H. Zhu, C. Huang, G. Zhang, and Y. Wei, “Potential sodium D2 resonance radiation generated by intra-cavity SHG of a c-cut Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 19, 6333–6338 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Peng, Y. Zheng, K. Zheng, and X. Chang, “Compact Q-switched and mode-locked Nd3+:YVO4/Cr4+:YAG self-Raman laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 5126–5129 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).
  16. S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of passively Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1166–1175 (2000).
  19. H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).

2013 (4)

R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, M. Wang, S. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Investigation on LD end-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd: YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 21, 13052–13061 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (5)

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Peng, Y. Zheng, K. Zheng, and X. Chang, “Compact Q-switched and mode-locked Nd3+:YVO4/Cr4+:YAG self-Raman laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 5126–5129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, Y. Wei, C. Huang, X. Wang, H. Shen, S. Zhai, S. Xu, B. Li, Z. Chen, and G. Zhang, “Second-Stokes YVO4/Nd:YVO4/YVO4 self-frequency Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1968–1970 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Bonner, H. M. Pask, A. J. Lee, A. J. Kemp, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and T. Omatsu, “Measurement of thermal lensing in a CW BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Express 20, 9810–9818 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Z. Cong, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, Z. Liu, X. Chen, S. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. Tao, and S. Li, “Theoretical and experimental study on the Nd3+:YAG/BaWO4/KTP yellow laser generating 8.3  W output power,” Opt. Express 18, 12111–12118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “Efficient subnanosecond diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 self-stimulated Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1251–1253 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of passively Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1166–1175 (2000).

1994 (1)

H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, L.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Apanasevich, P. A.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, G. M.

Chang, X.

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Z.

Chen, Z. Q.

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chulkov, R. V.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cong, Z.

Dekker, P.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, S.

R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, M. Wang, S. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Investigation on LD end-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd: YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 21, 13052–13061 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

Duan, Y.

Duan, Y. M.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eilers, H.

H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Grabtchikov, A. S.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hommerich, U.

H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

Huang, C. H.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Jacobsen, S. M.

H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).

Kushwaha, A.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lan, R.

R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A.

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A. J.

Li, B.

Li, S.

Liu, Z.

Maini, A. K.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mildren, R. P.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

G. M. Bonner, H. M. Pask, A. J. Lee, A. J. Kemp, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and T. Omatsu, “Measurement of thermal lensing in a CW BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Express 20, 9810–9818 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Orlovich, V. A.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ozygus, B.

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of passively Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1166–1175 (2000).

Pan, H.

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J.

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

G. M. Bonner, H. M. Pask, A. J. Lee, A. J. Kemp, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and T. Omatsu, “Measurement of thermal lensing in a CW BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Express 20, 9810–9818 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

Piper, J.

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Satti, N.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H.

Shpak, P. V.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. J.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X.

Tu, C. Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Voitikov, S. V.

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, M.

R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, M. Wang, S. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Investigation on LD end-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd: YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 21, 13052–13061 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

S. Ding, M. Wang, S. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Investigation on LD end-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd: YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 21, 13052–13061 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. E.

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

W. Chen, Y. Wei, C. Huang, X. Wang, H. Shen, S. Zhai, S. Xu, B. Li, Z. Chen, and G. Zhang, “Second-Stokes YVO4/Nd:YVO4/YVO4 self-frequency Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1968–1970 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of passively Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1166–1175 (2000).

Wei, Y.

Wu, E.

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

Yang, F. G.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. G.

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yen, W. M.

H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

You, Z. Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, S.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

S. Ding, M. Wang, S. Wang, and W. Zhang, “Investigation on LD end-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd: YVO4 self-Raman laser,” Opt. Express 21, 13052–13061 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

Zhang, X.

Zhao, S.

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of passively Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1166–1175 (2000).

Zheng, K.

Zheng, Y.

Zhu, H.

Zhu, H. Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. Q.

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. J.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Peng, Y. Zheng, K. Zheng, and X. Chang, “Compact Q-switched and mode-locked Nd3+:YVO4/Cr4+:YAG self-Raman laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 5126–5129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ding, W. Zhang, S. Wang, X. Wang, J. Zhang, and M. Wang, “Theoretical and experimental study on passively Q-switched intracavity frequency-doubled solid-state yellow Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2583–2590 (2013).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd:YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, E. Wu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Q-switched mode-locking with Cr4+: YAG in a diode pumped Nd: GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 335–338 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Russ. Laser Res. (1)

S. E. Wang, S. Q. Zhu, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High average power, compact passively Q-switched 532  nm green laser on Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal,” J. Russ. Laser Res. 34, 166–167 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

S. Q. Zhu, S. E. Wang, Z. Q. Chen, Q. G. Yang, and J. Pan, “High-Power Passively Q-Switched 532  nm Green Laser by Using Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Composite Crystal,” Laser Phys. 22, 1011–1014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6  nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Lan, S. Ding, M. Wang, and J. Zhang, “A compact passively Q-switched SrWO4 Raman laser with mode-locked modulation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 025801 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. V. Shpak, S. V. Voitikov, R. V. Chulkov, P. A. Apanasevich, V. A. Orlovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. Kushwaha, N. Satti, L. Agrawal, and A. K. Maini, “Passively Q-switched diode-pumped Raman laser with third-order Stokes eye-safe oscillation,” Opt. Commun. 285, 3659–3664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Eilers, U. Hommerich, S. M. Jacobsen, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505–15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the end-pumped Nd3+:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite crystal Raman laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental 1176 nm average output power as a function of incident pump power with T0=75% and T0=80% of the Cr4+:YAG.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

PRF and pulse width of 1176 nm as a function of incident pump power with T0=75% and T0=80% of the Cr4+:YAG.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectrum of the first Stokes Raman laser at 1176 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Profiles of 1176 nm pulse in (a), the pulse train in (b), and the satellite pulses in (c) generated at 7.84 W incident pump power for T0=80%.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental 588 nm average output power as a function of incident pump power with T0=80% of the Cr4+:YAG

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

PRF and pulse width of 588 nm as a function of incident pump power with T0=80% of the Cr4+:YAG.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of Crystals and Mirrors

Equations (1)

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T=IsIln[1+(eIs/I1)T0],

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