In a triangular path cyclic interferometer employing a polarizing beam splitter (PBS), the two counterpropagating beams are orthogonally polarized. A sample placed almost equidistant from the PBS is imaged by a lens placed in the path of the emerging beams so that two defocused images of the sample are recorded on a CCD. Using a linear polarizer in the path of the orthogonally polarized imaging beams, it is possible to achieve amplitude subtraction between the two images, resulting in an edge-enhanced image of the sample. The proposed real-time edge-enhancement technique is experimentally demonstrated.
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