Abstract

Optical remote sensing systems aboard geostationary platforms can provide high-frequency observations of bio-optical properties in dynamical coastal/oceanic waters. From the end-user standpoint, it is recognized that the fidelity of daily science products relies heavily on the radiometric sensitivity/performance of the imaging system. This study aims to determine the theoretical detection limits for bio-optical properties observed diurnally from a geostationary orbit. The analysis is based upon coupled radiative transfer simulations and the minimum radiometric requirements defined for the GEOstationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission. The diurnal detection limits are found for the optically active constituents of water, including near-surface concentrations of chlorophyll-a (CHL) and total suspended solids (TSS), and the absorption of colored dissolved organic matter (aCDOM). The diurnal top-of-atmosphere radiance (Lt) is modeled for several locations across the field of regard (FOR) to investigate the radiometric sensitivity at different imaging geometries. It is found that, in oceanic waters (CHL=0.07  mg/m3), detecting changes smaller than 0.01  mg/m3 in CHL is feasible for all locations and hours except for late afternoon observations on the edge of the FOR. For more trophic/turbid waters (0.6<CHL<4.5), the proposed system is found sensitive to changes (in CHL) smaller than 0.1  mg/m3 when the air mass fraction (AMF) is less than 5. For aCDOM(440), detecting the changes larger than 0.02  m−1 (0.08<aCDOM(440)<0.36) is found feasible for most of the imaging geometries. This is equivalent to AMF<5. For TSS, changes on the order of ΔTSS=0.1  g/m3 (0.5<TSS<4.5) are detectable from early morning to late afternoon across the entire FOR. This study gives insights into the radiometric sensitivity of the GEO-CAPE mission in identifying the changes in bio-optical properties at top-of-atmosphere (TOA), which aids in a more lucid understanding of the uncertainties associated with the surface products.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

N. Pahlevan, Z. Lee, C. Hu, J. R. Schott, “Analyzing radiometric requirements for diurnal observations of coastal/oceanic waters from geostationary orbits,” Proc SPIE 8724, 87240K (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (7)

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Ryu, H.-J. Han, S. Cho, Y.-J. Park, Y.-H. Ahn, “Overview of geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) and GOCI data processing system (GDPS),” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 223–233 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Son, J.-E. Min, J.-H. Ryu, “Detecting massive green algae (Ulva prolifera) blooms in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) data,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 359–375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, M. Jiang, C. Davis, N. Pahlevan, Y.-H. Ahn, R. Ma, “Impact of multiple satellite ocean color samplings in a day on assessing phytoplankton dynamics,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 323–329 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Neukermans, K. G. Ruddick, N. Greenwood, “Diurnal variability of turbidity and light attenuation in the southern North Sea from the SEVIRI geostationary sensor,” Remote Sens. Environ. 124, 564–580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, L. Feng, Z. Lee, C. O. Davis, A. Mannino, C. R. McClain, B. A. Franz, “Dynamic range and sensitivity requirements of satellite ocean color sensors: learning from the past,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6045–6062 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Z. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of interannual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 115, C09012 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. J. Voss, A. Morel, “Bidirectional reflectance function for oceanic waters with varying chlorophyll concentrations: measurements versus predictions,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 50, 698–705 (2005).

2002 (1)

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, P. Castaing, “Spectral signature of highly turbid waters: Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149–161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

R. M. Letelier, M. R. Abbott, “An analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence algorithms for the moderate resolution imaging spectrometer (MODIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 58, 215–223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

Abbott, M. R.

R. M. Letelier, M. R. Abbott, “An analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence algorithms for the moderate resolution imaging spectrometer (MODIS),” Remote Sens. Environ. 58, 215–223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Acharya, P. K.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adler-Golden, S. M.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, Y.-H.

Z. Lee, M. Jiang, C. Davis, N. Pahlevan, Y.-H. Ahn, R. Ma, “Impact of multiple satellite ocean color samplings in a day on assessing phytoplankton dynamics,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 323–329 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Ryu, H.-J. Han, S. Cho, Y.-J. Park, Y.-H. Ahn, “Overview of geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) and GOCI data processing system (GDPS),” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 223–233 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Al-Saadi, J.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G. P.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arnone, R.

Z. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of interannual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 115, C09012 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. W.

Berk, A.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, E.

Bernstein, L. S.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Borel, C. C.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J.

J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Castaing, P.

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, P. Castaing, “Spectral signature of highly turbid waters: Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149–161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chapron, B.

J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chavez, F.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chetwynd, J. J. H.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin, M.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.

J.-H. Ryu, H.-J. Han, S. Cho, Y.-J. Park, Y.-H. Ahn, “Overview of geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) and GOCI data processing system (GDPS),” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 223–233 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coble, P.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cooley, T. W.

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C.

Z. Lee, M. Jiang, C. Davis, N. Pahlevan, Y.-H. Ahn, R. Ma, “Impact of multiple satellite ocean color samplings in a day on assessing phytoplankton dynamics,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 323–329 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. O.

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, L. Feng, Z. Lee, C. O. Davis, A. Mannino, C. R. McClain, B. A. Franz, “Dynamic range and sensitivity requirements of satellite ocean color sensors: learning from the past,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6045–6062 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deschamps, P.-Y.

DiGiacomo, P. M.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Doxaran, D.

D. Doxaran, J.-M. Froidefond, S. Lavender, P. Castaing, “Spectral signature of highly turbid waters: Application with SPOT data to quantify suspended particulate matter concentrations,” Remote Sens. Environ. 81, 149–161 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eismann, M. T.

M. T. Eismann, Hyperspectral Remote Sensing (SPIE, 2012), p. 748.

Eldering, A.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, L.

Fishman, J. I.

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J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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G. Neukermans, K. G. Ruddick, N. Greenwood, “Diurnal variability of turbidity and light attenuation in the southern North Sea from the SEVIRI geostationary sensor,” Remote Sens. Environ. 124, 564–580 (2012).
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N. Pahlevan, Z. Lee, C. Hu, J. R. Schott, “Analyzing radiometric requirements for diurnal observations of coastal/oceanic waters from geostationary orbits,” Proc SPIE 8724, 87240K (2013).
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Z. Lee, M. Jiang, C. Davis, N. Pahlevan, Y.-H. Ahn, R. Ma, “Impact of multiple satellite ocean color samplings in a day on assessing phytoplankton dynamics,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 323–329 (2012).
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J.-H. Ryu, H.-J. Han, S. Cho, Y.-J. Park, Y.-H. Ahn, “Overview of geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) and GOCI data processing system (GDPS),” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 223–233 (2012).
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J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
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Ruddick, K. G.

G. Neukermans, K. G. Ruddick, N. Greenwood, “Diurnal variability of turbidity and light attenuation in the southern North Sea from the SEVIRI geostationary sensor,” Remote Sens. Environ. 124, 564–580 (2012).
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J.-H. Ryu, H.-J. Han, S. Cho, Y.-J. Park, Y.-H. Ahn, “Overview of geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) and GOCI data processing system (GDPS),” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 223–233 (2012).
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J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
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Schott, J. R.

N. Pahlevan, Z. Lee, C. Hu, J. R. Schott, “Analyzing radiometric requirements for diurnal observations of coastal/oceanic waters from geostationary orbits,” Proc SPIE 8724, 87240K (2013).
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J. R. Schott, Remote Sensing: the Image Chain Approach, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2007), p. 666.

Shang, S.

Z. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of interannual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 115, C09012 (2010).
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A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
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Son, Y.

Y. Son, J.-E. Min, J.-H. Ryu, “Detecting massive green algae (Ulva prolifera) blooms in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) data,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 359–375 (2012).
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Sosik, H.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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Spuhler, P.

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
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Stamnes, K.

Stavn, R. H.

Stephens, M.

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
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Subramaniam, A.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, Hydrolight 5, Ecolight5 User Guide (Sequoia Scientific, 2008).

Tufillaro, N.

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
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Tzortziou, M.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Valle, T.

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
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Vandemark, D.

J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
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K. J. Voss, A. Morel, “Bidirectional reflectance function for oceanic waters with varying chlorophyll concentrations: measurements versus predictions,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 50, 698–705 (2005).

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J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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Wang, M.

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
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Appl. Opt. (5)

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

J. I. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, M. Wang, “The United States’ next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA’s Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 93, 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. Oceans (2)

J. Salisbury, D. Vandemark, J. Campbell, C. Hunt, D. Wisser, N. Reul, B. Chapron, “Spatial and temporal coherence between Amazon River discharge, salinity, and light absorption by colored organic carbon in western tropical Atlantic surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 116, C00H02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of interannual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 115, C09012 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (1)

K. J. Voss, A. Morel, “Bidirectional reflectance function for oceanic waters with varying chlorophyll concentrations: measurements versus predictions,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 50, 698–705 (2005).

Ocean Sci. J. (3)

Y. Son, J.-E. Min, J.-H. Ryu, “Detecting massive green algae (Ulva prolifera) blooms in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) data,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 359–375 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, M. Jiang, C. Davis, N. Pahlevan, Y.-H. Ahn, R. Ma, “Impact of multiple satellite ocean color samplings in a day on assessing phytoplankton dynamics,” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 323–329 (2012).
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J.-H. Ryu, H.-J. Han, S. Cho, Y.-J. Park, Y.-H. Ahn, “Overview of geostationary ocean color imager (GOCI) and GOCI data processing system (GDPS),” Ocean Sci. J. 47, 223–233 (2012).
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Opt. Express (1)

Proc SPIE (1)

N. Pahlevan, Z. Lee, C. Hu, J. R. Schott, “Analyzing radiometric requirements for diurnal observations of coastal/oceanic waters from geostationary orbits,” Proc SPIE 8724, 87240K (2013).
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G. R. Fournier, J. L. Forand, “Analytic phase function for ocean water,” Proc. SPIE 2258, 194–201 (1994).

A. Berk, G. P. Anderson, P. K. Acharya, L. S. Bernstein, L. Muratov, J. Lee, M. Fox, S. M. Adler-Golden, J. J. H. Chetwynd, M. L. Hoke, R. B. Lockwood, J. A. Gardner, T. W. Cooley, C. C. Borel, P. E. Lewis, E. P. Shettle, “MODTRAN5: 2006 update,” Proc. SPIE 6233, 62331F (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Valle, C. Hardesty, C. O. Davis, N. Tufillaro, M. Stephens, W. Good, P. Spuhler, “Multislit optimized spectrometer for ocean color remote sensing,” Proc. SPIE 8510, 85100C (2012).
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A. Mannino, Preliminary specifications for a strawman Coastal Ecosystem Mission (CEM) sensor (NASA, 2013).

“Air Quality and Ocean Color from Space: GEO-CAPE,” NASA, 2013, http://geo-cape.larc.nasa.gov/ .

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, Hydrolight 5, Ecolight5 User Guide (Sequoia Scientific, 2008).

M. T. Eismann, Hyperspectral Remote Sensing (SPIE, 2012), p. 748.

J. R. Schott, Remote Sensing: the Image Chain Approach, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2007), p. 666.

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