Abstract

Current Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) systems have very good spectral resolution, but are bulky, sensitive to vibrations, and slow. We developed a new FTIR system using a microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based lamellar grating interferometer that is fast, compact, and achromatic (i.e., does not require a beam splitter). The MEMS device has >10mm2 active surface area, up to ±325μm mechanical displacement, and a 343 Hz resonant operation frequency. The system uses a 5 MHz bandwidth custom infrared (IR) detector and a small emission area custom blackbody source to achieve fast interferogram acquisition and compact form factor. Effects of lamellar grating period, detector size, laser reference, apodization, and averaging of data on the spectral resolution are discussed. The measurement time ranges from 1.5 to 100 ms depending on the averaging time. In the target range of 2.5–16 μm (6254000cm1) a spectral resolution of 15–20cm1 is demonstrated. The measurements are shown to be stable over a long time.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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