Abstract

The goal of this paper is to demonstrate the unique capability of measuring the vector or angular information of propagating acoustic waves using an optical sensor. Acoustic waves were generated using photoacoustic interaction and detected by the probe beam deflection technique. Experiments and simulations were performed to study the interaction of acoustic emissions with an optical sensor in a coupling medium. The simulated results predict the probe beam and wavefront interaction and produced simulated signals that are verified by experiment.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. V. Wang, ed. Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy (Taylor & Francis, 2009).
  2. L. V. Wang and H. I. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, 2007).
  3. P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).
  5. B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “A k-space Green’s function solution for acoustic initial value problems in homogeneous media with power law absorption,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 3652–3660 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. E. Treeby, E. Z. Zhang, and B. T. Cox, “Photoacoustic tomography in absorbing acoustic media using time reversal,” Inverse Probl. 26, 115003 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “Modeling power law absorption and dispersion for acoustic propagation using the fractional Laplacian,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, 2741–2748 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “K-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave-fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 021314 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. T. Cox and B. E. Treeby, “Artifact trapping during time reversal photoacoustic imaging for acoustically heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 387–396 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. T. Cox and P. C. Beard, “Fast calculation of pulsed photoacoustic fields in fluids using k-space methods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 3616–3627 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Rizzatto, “Ultrasound transducers,” Eur. J. Radiol. 27, S188–S195 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, and P. Burgholzer, “Weight factors for limited angle photoacoustic tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 3303–3314 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Hristova, P. Kuchment, and L. V. Nguyen, “Reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous and inhomogeneous media,” Inverse Probl. 24, 055006 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Hristova, “Time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography—an error estimate,” Inverse Probl. 25, 055008 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Page, S. M. Maswadi, and R. D. Glickman, “Optoacoustic multispectral imaging of radiolucent foreign bodies in tissue,” Appl. Spectrosc. 67, 22–28 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Waxler and C. E. Weir, “Effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive indices of benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and water,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A Phys. Chem. 67A, 163–171 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Glassner, An Introduction to Ray Tracing (Morgan Kaufmann, 1989).
  25. K. Schröder and D. Önengüt, “Optical absorption of copper and copper-rich copper nickel alloys at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. 162, 628–631 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  26. B. E. Treeby, “Acoustic attenuation compensation in photoacoustic tomography using time-variant filtering,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18, 036008 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. Lawton, “Temperature measurements in sooting flames by optoacoustic laser-beam deflection,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1262–1265 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  29. American National Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers (Laser Institute of America, Orlando, Florida, 2007).

2013 (2)

B. E. Treeby, “Acoustic attenuation compensation in photoacoustic tomography using time-variant filtering,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18, 036008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Page, S. M. Maswadi, and R. D. Glickman, “Optoacoustic multispectral imaging of radiolucent foreign bodies in tissue,” Appl. Spectrosc. 67, 22–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “A k-space Green’s function solution for acoustic initial value problems in homogeneous media with power law absorption,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 3652–3660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

B. E. Treeby, E. Z. Zhang, and B. T. Cox, “Photoacoustic tomography in absorbing acoustic media using time reversal,” Inverse Probl. 26, 115003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “Modeling power law absorption and dispersion for acoustic propagation using the fractional Laplacian,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, 2741–2748 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “K-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave-fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 021314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox and B. E. Treeby, “Artifact trapping during time reversal photoacoustic imaging for acoustically heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, and P. Burgholzer, “Weight factors for limited angle photoacoustic tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 3303–3314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hristova, “Time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography—an error estimate,” Inverse Probl. 25, 055008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Y. Hristova, P. Kuchment, and L. V. Nguyen, “Reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous and inhomogeneous media,” Inverse Probl. 24, 055006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. T. Cox and P. C. Beard, “Fast calculation of pulsed photoacoustic fields in fluids using k-space methods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 3616–3627 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. Rizzatto, “Ultrasound transducers,” Eur. J. Radiol. 27, S188–S195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1967 (1)

K. Schröder and D. Önengüt, “Optical absorption of copper and copper-rich copper nickel alloys at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. 162, 628–631 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

M. Waxler and C. E. Weir, “Effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive indices of benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and water,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A Phys. Chem. 67A, 163–171 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arridge, S. R.

B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barsalou, N.

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bauer-Marschallinger, J.

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beard, P. C.

B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox and P. C. Beard, “Fast calculation of pulsed photoacoustic fields in fluids using k-space methods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 3616–3627 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brecht, H.

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

Burgholzer, P.

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, and P. Burgholzer, “Weight factors for limited angle photoacoustic tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 3303–3314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Conjusteau,

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

Cox, B. T.

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “A k-space Green’s function solution for acoustic initial value problems in homogeneous media with power law absorption,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 3652–3660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “K-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave-fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 021314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox and B. E. Treeby, “Artifact trapping during time reversal photoacoustic imaging for acoustically heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby, E. Z. Zhang, and B. T. Cox, “Photoacoustic tomography in absorbing acoustic media using time reversal,” Inverse Probl. 26, 115003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “Modeling power law absorption and dispersion for acoustic propagation using the fractional Laplacian,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, 2741–2748 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox and P. C. Beard, “Fast calculation of pulsed photoacoustic fields in fluids using k-space methods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 3616–3627 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, R.

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, R. W.

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ermilov, S.

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

Glassner, S.

S. Glassner, An Introduction to Ray Tracing (Morgan Kaufmann, 1989).

Glickman, R. D.

L. Page, S. M. Maswadi, and R. D. Glickman, “Optoacoustic multispectral imaging of radiolucent foreign bodies in tissue,” Appl. Spectrosc. 67, 22–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grun, H.

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haltmeier, M.

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, C.

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hristova, Y.

Y. Hristova, “Time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography—an error estimate,” Inverse Probl. 25, 055008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hristova, P. Kuchment, and L. V. Nguyen, “Reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous and inhomogeneous media,” Inverse Probl. 24, 055006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, I. G.

G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, G.

G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kara, S.

B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuchment, P.

Y. Hristova, P. Kuchment, and L. V. Nguyen, “Reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous and inhomogeneous media,” Inverse Probl. 24, 055006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lawton, S.

Maswadi, S. M.

L. Page, S. M. Maswadi, and R. D. Glickman, “Optoacoustic multispectral imaging of radiolucent foreign bodies in tissue,” Appl. Spectrosc. 67, 22–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
[CrossRef]

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matt, G.

P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, L. V.

Y. Hristova, P. Kuchment, and L. V. Nguyen, “Reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous and inhomogeneous media,” Inverse Probl. 24, 055006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nuster, R.

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, and P. Burgholzer, “Weight factors for limited angle photoacoustic tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 3303–3314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Önengüt, D.

K. Schröder and D. Önengüt, “Optical absorption of copper and copper-rich copper nickel alloys at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. 162, 628–631 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Oraevsky, A.

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

Page, L.

L. Page, S. M. Maswadi, and R. D. Glickman, “Optoacoustic multispectral imaging of radiolucent foreign bodies in tissue,” Appl. Spectrosc. 67, 22–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paltauf, G.

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, and P. Burgholzer, “Weight factors for limited angle photoacoustic tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 3303–3314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Purves, G. T.

G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rizzatto, G.

G. Rizzatto, “Ultrasound transducers,” Eur. J. Radiol. 27, S188–S195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scherzer, O.

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, K.

K. Schröder and D. Önengüt, “Optical absorption of copper and copper-rich copper nickel alloys at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. 162, 628–631 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Treeby, B. E.

B. E. Treeby, “Acoustic attenuation compensation in photoacoustic tomography using time-variant filtering,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18, 036008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “A k-space Green’s function solution for acoustic initial value problems in homogeneous media with power law absorption,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 3652–3660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “K-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave-fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 021314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox and B. E. Treeby, “Artifact trapping during time reversal photoacoustic imaging for acoustically heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “Modeling power law absorption and dispersion for acoustic propagation using the fractional Laplacian,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, 2741–2748 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby, E. Z. Zhang, and B. T. Cox, “Photoacoustic tomography in absorbing acoustic media using time reversal,” Inverse Probl. 26, 115003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. V.

L. V. Wang and H. I. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, 2007).

Waxler, M.

M. Waxler and C. E. Weir, “Effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive indices of benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and water,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A Phys. Chem. 67A, 163–171 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Weir, C. E.

M. Waxler and C. E. Weir, “Effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive indices of benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and water,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A Phys. Chem. 67A, 163–171 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, L.

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H. I.

L. V. Wang and H. I. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, 2007).

Zhang, E. Z.

B. E. Treeby, E. Z. Zhang, and B. T. Cox, “Photoacoustic tomography in absorbing acoustic media using time reversal,” Inverse Probl. 26, 115003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Eur. J. Radiol. (1)

G. Rizzatto, “Ultrasound transducers,” Eur. J. Radiol. 27, S188–S195 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

G. T. Purves, G. Jundt, C. S. Adams, and I. G. Hughes, “Refractive index measurements by probe-beam deflection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 433–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging (1)

B. T. Cox and B. E. Treeby, “Artifact trapping during time reversal photoacoustic imaging for acoustically heterogeneous media,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 29, 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

P. Burgholzer, C. Hofer, G. Paltauf, M. Haltmeier, and O. Scherzer, “Thermoacoustic tomography with integrating area and line detectors,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 1577–1583 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inverse Probl. (5)

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, M. Haltmeier, and P. Burgholzer, “Experimental evaluation of reconstruction algorithms for limited view photoacoustic tomography with line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S81–S94 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hristova, P. Kuchment, and L. V. Nguyen, “Reconstruction and time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography in acoustically homogeneous and inhomogeneous media,” Inverse Probl. 24, 055006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hristova, “Time reversal in thermoacoustic tomography—an error estimate,” Inverse Probl. 25, 055008 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby, E. Z. Zhang, and B. T. Cox, “Photoacoustic tomography in absorbing acoustic media using time reversal,” Inverse Probl. 26, 115003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Burgholzer, J. Bauer-Marschallinger, H. Grun, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Temporal back-projection algorithms for photoacoustic tomography with integrating line detectors,” Inverse Probl. 23, S65–S80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (4)

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “Modeling power law absorption and dispersion for acoustic propagation using the fractional Laplacian,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, 2741–2748 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox, S. Kara, S. R. Arridge, and P. C. Beard, “k-space propagation models for acoustically heterogeneous media: application to biomedical photoacoustics,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 3453–3464 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Cox and P. C. Beard, “Fast calculation of pulsed photoacoustic fields in fluids using k-space methods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 3616–3627 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “A k-space Green’s function solution for acoustic initial value problems in homogeneous media with power law absorption,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 3652–3660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

B. E. Treeby, “Acoustic attenuation compensation in photoacoustic tomography using time-variant filtering,” J. Biomed. Opt. 18, 036008 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Treeby and B. T. Cox, “K-Wave: MATLAB toolbox for the simulation and reconstruction of photoacoustic wave-fields,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 021314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A Phys. Chem. (1)

M. Waxler and C. E. Weir, “Effect of pressure and temperature on the refractive indices of benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and water,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. A Phys. Chem. 67A, 163–171 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

G. Paltauf, R. Nuster, and P. Burgholzer, “Weight factors for limited angle photoacoustic tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol. 54, 3303–3314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

K. Schröder and D. Önengüt, “Optical absorption of copper and copper-rich copper nickel alloys at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. 162, 628–631 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

P. Burgholzer, G. Matt, M. Haltmeier, and G. Paltauf, “Exact and approximative imaging methods for photoacoustic tomography using an arbitrary detection surface,” Phys. Rev. E 75, 046706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, R. Elliott, and N. Barsalou, “Nano-LISA for in vitro diagnostic applications,” Proc. SPIE 7899, 78991O (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, L. Page, L. Woodward, R. D. Glickman, and N. Barsalou, “Optoacoustic sensing of ocular bacterial antigen using targeted gold nanorods,” Proc. SPIE 6856, 685615 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Maswadi, R. D. Glickman, N. Barsalou, and R. W. Elliott, “Investigation of photoacoustic spectroscopy for biomolecular detection,” Proc. SPIE 6138, 61380V (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conjusteau, S. M. Maswadi, S. Ermilov, H. Brecht, N. Barsalou, R. D. Glickman, and A. Oraevsky, “Detection of gold-nanorod targeted pathogens using optical and piezoelectric optoacoustic sensors: comparative study,” Proc. SPIE 7177, 71771P (2009).

Other (4)

L. V. Wang, ed. Photoacoustic Imaging and Spectroscopy (Taylor & Francis, 2009).

L. V. Wang and H. I. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, 2007).

American National Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers (Laser Institute of America, Orlando, Florida, 2007).

S. Glassner, An Introduction to Ray Tracing (Morgan Kaufmann, 1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of probe beam and acoustic wavefront interaction. The red arrows represent the probe beam at both sides of the wavefront tangent plane. P is the acoustic source, Vk+1 is the beam after the intersection boundary, and Vk is before the intersection boundary.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diagram of the PBDT implementation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic illustration example of the ability of the PBDT to measure pressure wave direction using a quadrant position detector.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Ray orientation looking down the y axis; three different orientations were used in the simulations. Orientation #1 is 135° from the positive x axis, orientation #2 is 90° from the positive x axis, and orientation #3 is 45° from the positive x axis.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental configuration of PBDT with photoacoustic emission from a copper-coated sphere excited with OPO laser pulses at 335 nm wavelength, 10 ns pulse duration, 10 Hz pulse repetition rate, and 1 mJ output energy. The distance from probe beam source to QPD surface was approximately 50 cm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental setup diagram. Object was irradiated by an OPO pulsed laser and, through the photoacoustic effect, produced acoustic waves inside the water container. The red points labeled 1, 2, and 3 represent the probe beam orientations looking down the z axis, i.e., directly along the direction of travel of the probe beam.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Probe beam orientation #1; 135° from the positive x axis. (a) Simulated QPD and ray intersection points for the simulation duration from time 0 to 360 ns (ray spot location on QPD Face). (b) Simulated QPD X signal. (c) Simulated QPD Y signal.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Probe beam orientation #2; 90° from the positive x axis. (a) Simulated QPD and ray intersection points for the simulation duration from time 0 to 360 ns (ray spot location on QPD face). (b) Simulated QPD X signal. (c) Simulated QPD Y signal.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Probe beam orientation #3; 45° from the positive x axis. (a) Simulated QPD and ray intersection points for the simulation duration from time 0 to 360 ns (ray spot location on QPD Face). (b) Simulated QPD X signal. (c) Simulated QPD Y signal.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

(Experimental) QPD voltage signal for the three probe beam orientations. (a) Probe beam located to left of tissue source at 142°. (b) Probe beam oriented at 90° relative to tissue source. (c) Probe beam to right of tissue source at 48°.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(Δ1νs22t2)p(r,t)=βcpH(r,t)t,
H(r,t)=A(r)I(t),
n21n2+1=4π3Nα,
np=1.39×105kPa1.
d=u0+kv0.
Vk1=nknk+1Vk+((nknk+1)cosθk+cosθk+1)nknk·Vk0,
Vk+1=(nknk+1)Vk+((nknk+1)cosθk+cosθk+1)nknk·Vk<0,
X=(A+C)(B+D)A+B+C+D,
Y=(A+B)(C+D)A+B+C+D.
tanθ=yx.

Metrics