Abstract

According to the expression for modulation transfer function obtained by solving the established 2D continuity equation, the resolution characteristics for reflection-mode exponential-doping and uniform-doping GaN photocathodes have been calculated and comparatively analyzed. These calculated results show that the exponential-doping structure can upgrade not only the resolution capability but also the quantum efficiency for a GaN photocathode. The improvement mechanism is different from the approach for high resolution applied by reducing Te and LD or increasing SV, which leads to low quantum efficiency. The main contribution factor of this improvement is that the mechanism that transports electrons toward the NEA surface is facilitated by the built-in electric field formed by this exponential-doping structure, and the corresponding lateral diffusion is reduced.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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