In this paper, we propose a reflective long-period grating-based sensor with a Sagnac fiber loop mirror (SFLM) for simultaneous measurement of refractive index (RI) and temperature. By cascading the SFLM to the end of a long-period fiber grating (LPFG), the LPFG works as a reflection operation, which is convenient in some applications. Further, the SFLM and the LPFG have different sensitivities to RI and temperature. As a result, RI and temperature measurement can be simultaneously achieved by monitoring the wavelength shifts of the LPFG and the SFLM’s dips in the reflection spectrum. Experimental results show that the temperature sensitivity can reach 1.533 nm/°C, and the RI sensitivity is from 16.864 nm/RIU (refractive index unit) to 113.142 nm/RIU when the RI range is from 1.333 to 1.430. The application for 40 km long-distance RI and temperature measurement shows that the sensor has potential application in long-distance sensing.
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