Abstract

Digital in-line holography provides simultaneous particle size and three-dimensional position measurements. In general, the measurement accuracy varies locally, and tends to decrease where particles are closely spaced, due to noise resulting from diffraction by adjacent particles. Aggravating the situation is the identification of transversely adjoining particles as a single particle, which introduces significant errors in both size and position measurements. Here, we develop a refinement procedure that distinguishes such erroneous particles from accurately detected ones and further separates individual particles. Effectiveness of the refinement is characterized using simulations, experimental holograms of calibration fields, and a few practical applications to liquid breakup. Significant improvements in the accuracy of the measured particle sizes, positions, and displacements confirm the usefulness of the proposed method.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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