Abstract

A dual-view display system provides two different images in different directions. Most of them only present two-dimensional images for observers. In this paper, we propose a projection-type dual-view three-dimensional (3D) display system based on integral imaging. To assign directivities to the images, a projection-type display and dual-view screen with lenticular lenses are implemented. The lenticular lenses split the collimated image from the projection device into two different directions. The separated images are integrated by a single lens array in front of the screen, and full-parallax 3D images are observed in two different viewing regions. The visibility of the reconstructed 3D images can be improved by using high-density lenticular lenses and a high numerical aperture lens array. We explain the principle of the proposed method and verify the feasibility of the proposed system with simulations and experimental results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues,” Appl. Opt. 50, H87–H115 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-Y. Son, V. Saveljev, J.-S. Kim, S.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, “Viewing zones in three-dimensional imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax-barrier, and microlens-array plates,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4985–4992 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J.-H. Park, K. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, H77–H94 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Wu, H. Deng, C.-G. Luo, D.-H. Li, Q.-H. Wang, “Dual-view integral imaging three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt. 52, 4911–4914 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Wu, Q.-H. Wang, C.-G. Luo, D.-H. Li, H. Deng, “Dual-view integral imaging 3D display using polarizer parallax barriers,” Appl. Opt. 53, 2037–2039 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 20130–20138 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. M. Kim, K.-M. Jung, S.-W. Min, “Analysis of off-axis integral floating system using concave mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 16, 270–276 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (2)

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[CrossRef]

F. Wu, Q.-H. Wang, C.-G. Luo, D.-H. Li, H. Deng, “Dual-view integral imaging 3D display using polarizer parallax barriers,” Appl. Opt. 53, 2037–2039 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (2)

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Wu, H. Deng, C.-G. Luo, D.-H. Li, Q.-H. Wang, “Dual-view integral imaging three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt. 52, 4911–4914 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, H77–H94 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bahn, J.-E.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baik, I.-S.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berkeley, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-Y.

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N.

Chen, Y.-Y.

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, C.-Y.

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, “Multiple-viewing-zone integral imaging using a dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 11, 927–932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.-H.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.-J.

Choi, Y.-J.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chung, I.-J.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deng, H.

Hahn, J.

Hong, J.

Hong, J.-Y.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.

Hou, H.-L.

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, D.-C.

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-M.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

Jeong, W.-N.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jung, H.-J.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.-H.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 20130–20138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, K.-M.

Jung, S.

Kang, H.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-S.

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-S.

Kim, N. D.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-K.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-S.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. M.

Lee, B.

Lee, Y. W.

Li, D.-H.

Luo, C.-G.

Min, S.-W.

Mo, Y.

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.-G.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-M.

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.-D.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saveljev, V.

Saveljev, V. V.

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.-M.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.-K.

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Son, V. Saveljev, J.-S. Kim, S.-S. Kim, B. Javidi, “Viewing zones in three-dimensional imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax-barrier, and microlens-array plates,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4985–4992 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.-H.

Wu, F.

Yang, H. K.

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, J.

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express 20, 20130–20138 (2012).
[CrossRef]

You, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

Y. Kim, J. Kim, K. Hong, H. K. Yang, J.-H. Jung, H. Choi, S.-W. Min, J.-M. Seo, J.-M. Hwang, B. Lee, “Accommodative response of integral imaging in near distance,” J. Disp. Technol. 8, 70–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

S.-G. Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 37–46 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, H.-H. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng. 42, 3326–3333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. (4)

L.-Y. Chen, Y.-Y. Chen, H.-L. Hou, Y. Mo, C.-Y. Chiu, “Development of the world-wide largest 110′ 4K2K 3D TFT-LCD display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 44, 100–103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, N. D. Kim, “World’s first 240  Hz TFT-LCD technology for full-HD LCD-TV and its application to 3D display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40, 424–427 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-S. Kim, S.-M. Park, J.-H. Jung, D.-C. Hwang, “New 240  Hz driving method for full HD and high quality 3D LCD TV,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 762–765 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kang, S.-D. Roh, I.-S. Baik, H.-J. Jung, W.-N. Jeong, J.-K. Shin, I.-J. Chung, “A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed dual-view 3D display system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Splitting elemental images at lenticular lenses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Elemental image generation method for (a) on-axis integral imaging and (b) off-axis integral imaging.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Computer-generated elemental images for (a) left viewing zone, (b) right viewing zone, and (c) interwoven elemental images.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Viewing angle of (a) on-axis and (b) off-axis integral imaging.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Viewing parameters of the proposed system.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic diagram of the optical arrangement in LightTools simulation.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Reconstructed 3D images in the simulation by using lenticular lenses of (a) 50 LPI, (b) 100 LPI, and (c) 100 LPI. The lens arrays in the simulation have focal lengths of (a) 10 mm, (b) 10 mm, and (c) 20 mm.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimental setup of the proposed system.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Reconstructed 3D images of (a) left viewing zone and (b) right viewing zone.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Specifications of the Simulations

Tables Icon

Table 2. Specifications of the Prototype

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ sep = 2 tan 1 D f l ,
d = g tan θ sep 2 ,
tan θ vo 2 = p 2 g ,
tan θ v = 1 ( 1 + tan 2 θ sep 2 ) g p p 4 g .
L = ( m 1 ) g ,

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