Abstract

We have performed terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy by combining a rapid scanning terahertz time-domain spectrometer based on the electronically controlled optical sampling method with a table-top minicoil pulsed magnet capable of producing magnetic fields up to 30 T. We demonstrate the capability of this system by measuring coherent cyclotron resonance oscillations in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas in GaAs and interference-induced terahertz transmittance modifications in a magnetoplasma in lightly doped n-InSb.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Petrou and B. D. McCombe, “Magnetospectroscopy of confined semiconductor systems,” in Landau Level Spectroscopy, G. Landwehr and E. I. Rashba, eds., Vol. 27.2 of Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences (Elsevier Science, 1991), pp. 679–775.
  2. G. Boebinger, A. Lacerda, Z. Fisk, L. P. Gor’kov, and J. R. Schrieffer, eds., Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV (World Scientific, 2001).
  3. J. Kono and N. Miura, “Cyclotron resonance in high magnetic fields,” in High Magnetic Fields: Science and Technology, N. Miura and F. Herlach, eds. (World Scientific, 2006), Vol. III, pp. 61–90.
  4. N. Miura, Physics of Semiconductors in High Magnetic Fields (Oxford University, 2007).
  5. J. Kono, “Spintronics: coherent terahertz control,” Nat. Photonics 5, 5–6 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3377–3379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3258–3264 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1845–1847 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Direct measurement of cyclotron coherence times of high-mobility two-dimensional electron gases,” Opt. Express 18, 12354–12361 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Molter, F. Ellrich, T. Weinland, S. George, M. Goiran, F. Keilmann, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, “High-speed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic field,” Opt. Express 18, 26163–26168 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).
  15. D. Molter, G. Torosyan, G. Ballon, L. Drigo, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, “Step-scan time-domain terahertz magneto-spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 20, 5993–6002 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Miura and F. Herlach, “Pulsed and ultrastrong magnetic fields,” in Strong and Ultrastrong Magnetic Fields and Their Applications, F. Herlach, ed., Vol. 57 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 1985), pp. 247–350.
  17. P. A. Elzinga, R. J. Kneisler, F. E. Lytle, Y. Jiang, G. B. King, and N. M. Laurendeau, “Pump/probe method for fast analysis of visible spectral signatures utilizing asynchronous optical sampling,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4303–4309 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Kim and D.-S. Yee, “High-speed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy based on electronically controlled optical sampling,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3715–3717 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1998), Chap. 2, pp. 7–50.
  22. A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2013

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

J. Kono, “Spintronics: coherent terahertz control,” Nat. Photonics 5, 5–6 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).

2010

2008

P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1845–1847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3258–3264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3377–3379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987

Akiyama, H.

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, S. R.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arikawa, T.

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).

Ballon, G.

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Belyanin, A. A.

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cerna, R.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. H.

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cluff, J. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Crooker, S. A.

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3258–3264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drigo, L.

Ellrich, F.

Elzinga, P. A.

George, S.

Goiran, M.

Herlach, F.

N. Miura and F. Herlach, “Pulsed and ultrastrong magnetic fields,” in Strong and Ultrastrong Magnetic Fields and Their Applications, F. Herlach, ed., Vol. 57 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 1985), pp. 247–350.

Hilton, D. J.

Hudert, F.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huggard, P. G.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Janke, C.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Keilmann, F.

Kim, Y.

King, G. B.

Kistner, C.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kneisler, R. J.

Kono, J.

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Kono, “Spintronics: coherent terahertz control,” Nat. Photonics 5, 5–6 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Direct measurement of cyclotron coherence times of high-mobility two-dimensional electron gases,” Opt. Express 18, 12354–12361 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1845–1847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kono and N. Miura, “Cyclotron resonance in high magnetic fields,” in High Magnetic Fields: Science and Technology, N. Miura and F. Herlach, eds. (World Scientific, 2006), Vol. III, pp. 61–90.

Laurendeau, N. M.

Lee, J.

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Léotin, J.

Linfield, E. H.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lytle, F. E.

Mathon, O.

P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McCombe, B. D.

A. Petrou and B. D. McCombe, “Magnetospectroscopy of confined semiconductor systems,” in Landau Level Spectroscopy, G. Landwehr and E. I. Rashba, eds., Vol. 27.2 of Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences (Elsevier Science, 1991), pp. 679–775.

Mitchell, A. P.

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

Miura, N.

J. Kono and N. Miura, “Cyclotron resonance in high magnetic fields,” in High Magnetic Fields: Science and Technology, N. Miura and F. Herlach, eds. (World Scientific, 2006), Vol. III, pp. 61–90.

N. Miura and F. Herlach, “Pulsed and ultrastrong magnetic fields,” in Strong and Ultrastrong Magnetic Fields and Their Applications, F. Herlach, ed., Vol. 57 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 1985), pp. 247–350.

N. Miura, Physics of Semiconductors in High Magnetic Fields (Oxford University, 2007).

Molter, D.

Noe, G. T.

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nojiri, H.

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nurmikko, A. V.

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3377–3379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1998), Chap. 2, pp. 7–50.

Orenstein, J.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1998), Chap. 2, pp. 7–50.

Pan, W.

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).

Petrou, A.

A. Petrou and B. D. McCombe, “Magnetospectroscopy of confined semiconductor systems,” in Landau Level Spectroscopy, G. Landwehr and E. I. Rashba, eds., Vol. 27.2 of Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences (Elsevier Science, 1991), pp. 679–775.

Ren, L.

Reno, J. L.

Ritchie, D. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, C. J.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sikora, M.

P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Some, D.

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3377–3379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Strohm, C.

P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thoma, A.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torosyan, G.

van der Linden, P. J. E. M.

P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Direct measurement of cyclotron coherence times of high-mobility two-dimensional electron gases,” Opt. Express 18, 12354–12361 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1845–1847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weinland, T.

Woods, G. L.

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yee, D.-S.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3377–3379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2647–2649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Kono, A. H. Chin, A. P. Mitchell, T. Takahashi, and H. Akiyama, “Picosecond time-resolved cyclotron resonance in semiconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1119–1121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

J. Kono, “Spintronics: coherent terahertz control,” Nat. Photonics 5, 5–6 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84, 241307(R) (2011).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

P. J. E. M. van der Linden, O. Mathon, C. Strohm, and M. Sikora, “Miniature pulsed magnet system for synchrotron x-ray measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 075104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 123906 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 3258–3264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Petrou and B. D. McCombe, “Magnetospectroscopy of confined semiconductor systems,” in Landau Level Spectroscopy, G. Landwehr and E. I. Rashba, eds., Vol. 27.2 of Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Sciences (Elsevier Science, 1991), pp. 679–775.

G. Boebinger, A. Lacerda, Z. Fisk, L. P. Gor’kov, and J. R. Schrieffer, eds., Physical Phenomena at High Magnetic Fields IV (World Scientific, 2001).

J. Kono and N. Miura, “Cyclotron resonance in high magnetic fields,” in High Magnetic Fields: Science and Technology, N. Miura and F. Herlach, eds. (World Scientific, 2006), Vol. III, pp. 61–90.

N. Miura, Physics of Semiconductors in High Magnetic Fields (Oxford University, 2007).

N. Miura and F. Herlach, “Pulsed and ultrastrong magnetic fields,” in Strong and Ultrastrong Magnetic Fields and Their Applications, F. Herlach, ed., Vol. 57 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 1985), pp. 247–350.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1998), Chap. 2, pp. 7–50.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical setup. The magnet is incorporated into a transmission THz-TDS optical path under a dry nitrogen purged environment. The THz emitter and detector are coupled to the dual-laser system via optical fibers and electrical wires. Two wire-grid polarizers are located before and after the magnet with parallel transmission axis.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Synchronization timing scheme. The THz spectrometer sends a trigger signal to the magnet control unit. The generation of the magnetic field is delayed 6 ms such that the next forward-sweeping THz waveform readout occurs at the peak of the magnetic field. The inset shows the data quality for the THz waveform signal for a single sweep at the peak of the magnetic field where the magnetic field variation is less than 1%.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Coherent cyclotron resonance (CCR) observed for a two-dimensional electron gas in GaAs. (a) Example of time-domain THz waveforms taken after 64 averages at 2 T and 256 averages at 0 T. The difference reveals CCR oscillations. (b) CCR oscillation data with an exponentially damped sine wave fit at various magnetic fields. (c) Real part and (d) imaginary part of the conductivity at various magnetic fields. The sample temperature was 10.5K.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transmitted time-domain waveform after 64 averages through n-InSb at various magnetic fields at 41 K and the reference aperture waveform after 256 averages. (b) Measured and (c) simulated transmittance of THz radiation though n-InSb as a function of frequency at various magnetic fields at 41 K.

Equations (2)

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CR(t)=Aet/τCRsin(ωct+ϕ0),
E˜(ν,B)E˜(ν,B=0)=1+nZ01+nZ0+σ˜(ν,B),

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