Abstract

This study demonstrates high-repetition-rate planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) imaging of hydroxyl radicals (OH) in flames at a continuous framing rate of 50 kHz. A frequency-doubled dye laser is pumped by the second harmonic of an Nd:YAG laser to generate laser radiation near 283 nm with a pulse width of 8 ns and rate of 50 kHz. Fluorescence is recorded by a two-stage image intensifier and complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor camera. The average power of the 283 nm beam reaches 7 W, yielding a pulse energy of 140 μJ. Both a Hencken burner and a DC transient-arc plasmatron are used to produce premixed CH4/air flames to evaluate the OH PLIF system. The average signal-to-noise ratio for the Hencken burner flame is greater than 20 near the flame front and greater than 10 further downstream in a region of the flame near equilibrium. Image sequences of the DC plasmatron discharge clearly illustrate development and evolution of flow features with signal levels comparable to those in the Hencken burner. The results are a demonstration of the ability to make high-fidelity OH PLIF measurements at 50 kHz using a Nd:YAG-pumped, frequency-doubled dye laser.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Kychakoff, P. H. Paul, I. van Cruyningen, and R. K. Hanson, “Movies and 3D images of flowfields using planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2498–2500 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Dyer and D. R. Crosley, “Rapidly sequenced pair of two-dimensional images of OH laser-induced fluorescence in a flame,” Opt. Lett. 9, 217–219 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. F. Kaminski, J. Hult, and M. Aldén, “High repetition rate planar laser induced fluorescence of OH in a turbulent non-premixed flame,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 757–760 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Kittler and A. Dreizler, “Cinematographic imaging of hydroxyl radicals in turbulent flames by planar laser-induced fluorescence up to 5  kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 163–166 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, and R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38, 672–679 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Fuest, M. J. Papageorge, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Ultrahigh laser pulse energy and power generation at 10  kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3231–3233 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).
  11. J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. N. Slipchenko, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, S. A. Danczyk, and T. R. Meyer, “Quasi-continuous burst-mode laser for high-speed planar imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1346–1348 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. B. Michael, P. Venkateswaran, J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, J. R. Gord, S. Roy, and T. R. Meyer, “100  kHz thousand-frame burst-mode planar imaging in turbulent flames,” Opt. Lett. 39, 739–742 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Thurow, N. Jiang, and W. Lempert, “Review of ultra-high repetition rate laser diagnostics for fluid dynamic measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012002 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).
  16. J. D. Miller, M. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, and J. R. Gord, “Ultrahigh-frame-rate OH fluorescence imaging in turbulent flames using a burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1309–1311 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. Boxx, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Investigation of turbulent lifted planar jet flames using highspeed laser imaging diagnostics,” presented at the 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, National Harbor, Maryland, 2014.
  22. B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Hammack, C. Carter, and T. Lee, “High-repetition-rate OH planar laser-induced fluorescence of a cavity flameholder,” J. Propul. Power 29, 1248–1251 (2013).
  24. A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  25. I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).
  26. M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  27. DaVis 8, LaVision GmbH, Göttingen, Germany.
  28. W. S. Rasband, ImageJ, U. S. National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 1997–2014.
  29. Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  31. X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

2013 (4)

B. Thurow, N. Jiang, and W. Lempert, “Review of ultra-high repetition rate laser diagnostics for fluid dynamic measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).

W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).

S. Hammack, C. Carter, and T. Lee, “High-repetition-rate OH planar laser-induced fluorescence of a cavity flameholder,” J. Propul. Power 29, 1248–1251 (2013).

2012 (4)

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).

M. N. Slipchenko, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, S. A. Danczyk, and T. R. Meyer, “Quasi-continuous burst-mode laser for high-speed planar imaging,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1346–1348 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Fuest, M. J. Papageorge, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Ultrahigh laser pulse energy and power generation at 10  kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3231–3233 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

J. D. Miller, M. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, N. Jiang, W. R. Lempert, and J. R. Gord, “Ultrahigh-frame-rate OH fluorescence imaging in turbulent flames using a burst-mode optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1309–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Kittler and A. Dreizler, “Cinematographic imaging of hydroxyl radicals in turbulent flames by planar laser-induced fluorescence up to 5  kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 163–166 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, and R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38, 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. F. Kaminski, J. Hult, and M. Aldén, “High repetition rate planar laser induced fluorescence of OH in a turbulent non-premixed flame,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 757–760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1984 (1)

Aigner, M.

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aldén, M.

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Kaminski, J. Hult, and M. Aldén, “High repetition rate planar laser induced fluorescence of OH in a turbulent non-premixed flame,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 757–760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arndt, C.

I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).

Ayoola, B. O.

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balachandran, R.

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Böhm, B.

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boxx, I.

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).

M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Investigation of turbulent lifted planar jet flames using highspeed laser imaging diagnostics,” presented at the 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, National Harbor, Maryland, 2014.

Carter, C.

S. Hammack, C. Carter, and T. Lee, “High-repetition-rate OH planar laser-induced fluorescence of a cavity flameholder,” J. Propul. Power 29, 1248–1251 (2013).

I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carter, C. D.

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Investigation of turbulent lifted planar jet flames using highspeed laser imaging diagnostics,” presented at the 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, National Harbor, Maryland, 2014.

Crosley, D. R.

Danczyk, S. A.

Dreizler, A.

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kittler and A. Dreizler, “Cinematographic imaging of hydroxyl radicals in turbulent flames by planar laser-induced fluorescence up to 5  kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 163–166 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, M. J.

Frank, J. H.

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frants, O. B.

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuest, F.

M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).

F. Fuest, M. J. Papageorge, W. R. Lempert, and J. A. Sutton, “Ultrahigh laser pulse energy and power generation at 10  kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3231–3233 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geyman, V. G.

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gord, J. R.

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Göritz, G.

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hammack, S.

S. Hammack, C. Carter, and T. Lee, “High-repetition-rate OH planar laser-induced fluorescence of a cavity flameholder,” J. Propul. Power 29, 1248–1251 (2013).

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Kychakoff, P. H. Paul, I. van Cruyningen, and R. K. Hanson, “Movies and 3D images of flowfields using planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2498–2500 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hartog, D. J. D.

W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).

Heeger, C.

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hult, J.

C. F. Kaminski, J. Hult, and M. Aldén, “High repetition rate planar laser induced fluorescence of OH in a turbulent non-premixed flame,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 757–760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Island, T. C.

J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, N.

Kaminski, C. F.

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Kaminski, J. Hult, and M. Aldén, “High repetition rate planar laser induced fluorescence of OH in a turbulent non-premixed flame,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 757–760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kittler, C.

C. Kittler and A. Dreizler, “Cinematographic imaging of hydroxyl radicals in turbulent flames by planar laser-induced fluorescence up to 5  kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 163–166 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knebel, K.

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Korolev, Y. D.

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kristensson, E.

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kychakoff, G.

Landl, N. V.

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.

S. Hammack, C. Carter, and T. Lee, “High-repetition-rate OH planar laser-induced fluorescence of a cavity flameholder,” J. Propul. Power 29, 1248–1251 (2013).

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lempert, W.

B. Thurow, N. Jiang, and W. Lempert, “Review of ultra-high repetition rate laser diagnostics for fluid dynamic measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lempert, W. R.

Mastorakos, E.

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matveev, I.

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matveev, I. B.

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McManus, T.

M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).

Meier, W.

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).

M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Investigation of turbulent lifted planar jet flames using highspeed laser imaging diagnostics,” presented at the 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, National Harbor, Maryland, 2014.

Meyer, T. R.

Michael, J. B.

Miles, R. B.

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, and R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38, 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miller, J. D.

Miller, M. F.

J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morton, L. A.

W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).

Müller, D.

W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paa, W.

W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Papageorge, M.

M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).

Papageorge, M. J.

Parke, E.

W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).

Paul, P. H.

Rao, X.

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rasband, W. S.

W. S. Rasband, ImageJ, U. S. National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 1997–2014.

Richter, M.

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

Seitzman, J. M.

J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sjöholm, J.

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slipchenko, M.

Slipchenko, M. N.

Stafast, H.

W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Steinberg, A. M.

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stöhr, M.

M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, J.

M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).

Sutton, J. A.

Thurow, B.

B. Thurow, N. Jiang, and W. Lempert, “Review of ultra-high repetition rate laser diagnostics for fluid dynamic measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Triebel, W.

W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Cruyningen, I.

Venkateswaran, P.

Wu, P.

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, and R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38, 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Young, W. C.

W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).

AIAA J. (1)

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, and R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38, 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (5)

M. Papageorge, T. McManus, F. Fuest, and J. Sutton, “Recent advances in high-speed planar Rayleigh scattering in turbulent jets and flames: increased record lengths, acquisition rates, and image quality,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 197–213 (2013).

C. F. Kaminski, J. Hult, and M. Aldén, “High repetition rate planar laser induced fluorescence of OH in a turbulent non-premixed flame,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 757–760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Paa, D. Müller, H. Stafast, and W. Triebel, “Flame turbulences recorded at 1  kHz using planar laser induced fluorescence upon hot band excitation of OH radicals,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 1–5 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Kittler and A. Dreizler, “Cinematographic imaging of hydroxyl radicals in turbulent flames by planar laser-induced fluorescence up to 5  kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 163–166 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Sustained multi-kHz flamefront and 3-component velocity-field measurements for the study of turbulent flames,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 23–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame (3)

A. M. Steinberg, I. Boxx, M. Stöhr, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Flow–flame interactions causing acoustically coupled heat release fluctuations in a thermo-acoustically unstable gas turbine model combustor,” Combust. Flame 157, 2250–2266 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. O. Ayoola, R. Balachandran, J. H. Frank, E. Mastorakos, and C. F. Kaminski, “Spatially resolved heat release rate measurements in turbulent premixed flames,” Combust. Flame 144, 1–16 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “On the importance of temporal context in interpretation of flame discontinuities,” Combust. Flame 156, 269–271 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Fluids (1)

I. Boxx, C. Arndt, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “High-speed laser diagnostics for the study of flame dynamics in a lean premixed gas turbine model combustor,” Exp. Fluids 52, 555–567 (2012).

Flow, Turbul. Combust. (1)

R. Gordon, I. Boxx, C. Carter, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Lifted diffusion flame stabilisation: conditional analysis of multi-parameter high-repetition rate diagnostics at the flame base,” Flow, Turbul. Combust. 88, 503–527 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (3)

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Glow-to-spark transitions in a plasma system for ignition and combustion control,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 35, 1651–1657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Korolev, O. B. Frants, N. V. Landl, V. G. Geyman, and I. B. Matveev, “Nonsteady-state gas-discharge processes in plasmatron for combustion sustaining and hydrocarbon decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37, 586–592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Rao, S. Hammack, T. Lee, C. Carter, and I. Matveev, “Combustion dynamics of plasma enhanced premixed and nonpremixed flames,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38, 3265–3271 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Instrum. (1)

W. C. Young, L. A. Morton, E. Parke, and D. J. D. Hartog, “High-repetition-rate pulse-burst laser for Thomson scattering on the MST reversed-field pinch,” J. Instrum. 8, C11013 (2013).

J. Propul. Power (1)

S. Hammack, C. Carter, and T. Lee, “High-repetition-rate OH planar laser-induced fluorescence of a cavity flameholder,” J. Propul. Power 29, 1248–1251 (2013).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

B. Thurow, N. Jiang, and W. Lempert, “Review of ultra-high repetition rate laser diagnostics for fluid dynamic measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 24, 012002 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Sjöholm, E. Kristensson, M. Richter, M. Aldén, G. Göritz, and K. Knebel, “Ultra-high-speed pumping of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) for high-speed laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 025306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. Combust. Inst. (4)

I. Boxx, C. Heeger, R. Gordon, B. Böhm, M. Aigner, A. Dreizler, and W. Meier, “Simultaneous three-component PIV/OH-PLIF measurements of a turbulent lifted, C3H8-argon jet diffusion flame at 1.5  kHz repetition rate,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 905–912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Seitzman, M. F. Miller, T. C. Island, and R. K. Hanson, “Double-pulse imaging using simultaneous OH/acetone PLIF for studying the evolution of high-speed, reacting mixing layers,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 25, 1743–1750 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Böhm, C. Heeger, I. Boxx, W. Meier, and A. Dreizler, “Time-resolved conditional flow field statistics in extinguishing turbulent opposed jet flames using simultaneous highspeed PIV/OH-PLIF,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 1647–1654 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Stöhr, I. Boxx, C. Carter, and W. Meier, “Dynamics of lean blowout of a swirl-stabilized flame in a gas turbine model combustor,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 2953–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

DaVis 8, LaVision GmbH, Göttingen, Germany.

W. S. Rasband, ImageJ, U. S. National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 1997–2014.

I. Boxx, C. D. Carter, and W. Meier, “Investigation of turbulent lifted planar jet flames using highspeed laser imaging diagnostics,” presented at the 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, National Harbor, Maryland, 2014.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Laser and imaging setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diagrams of the Hencken burner (left) and the transient-arc DC plasmatron (right).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Sequence of OH PLIF images of a laminar Hencken burner flame.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Plot of OH PLIF signal profile for Hencken flame. The location of the profile is marked with a line on the inset single-shot OH PLIF image. The squares mark the locations of SNR evaluation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Sequences of OH PLIF in DC torch plasma assisted flame for a premixed flowrate and current level of (top) 10 SLPM and 600 mA, (middle) 10 SLPM and 200 mA, and (bottom) 6 SLPM and 600 mA.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Plot of OH PLIF signal profile for DC torch plasma-assisted flame. The locations of the profiles are marked on the inset single-shot OH PLIF image.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Sequence of OH PLIF images for DC torch. Full-frame image is marked to show selected subregion. Δt=20μs.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

SNR=1N×i=1Nμiσi,

Metrics