## Abstract

Recent research has found an alternative way to enhance light trapping of thin-film solar cells by using dielectric nanoparticles deposited on the cell surface. To improve the performance of light trapping, a systematic study on the influence of dielectric nanoparticles on enhancement efficiency is performed in this paper. We prove that the optimal dielectric nanoparticles are substantially equivalent to the multilayer antireflection coatings (ARCs) with a “low-high-low” dielectric constant profile. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the use of a simple two-layer ${\mathrm{SiO}}_{2}/\mathrm{SiC}$ ARC can reach 34.15% enhancement, which has exceeded the ideal limit of 32% of nanoparticles structure including plasmonic Ag nanoparticles, dielectric SiC, and ${\mathrm{TiO}}_{2}$ nanoparticles. That means the optimal multilayer ARCs structure is obviously superior to the optimal dielectric nanoparticles structure, and the deposition of a simple two-layer ${\mathrm{SiO}}_{2}/\mathrm{SiC}$ structure on top of a thin-film silicon solar cell can significantly enhance photoelectron generation and hence, result in superior performance of thin-film solar cells.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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