The calculation of the dwell time plays a crucial role in polishing precision large optics. Although some studies have taken place, it remains a challenge to develop a calculation algorithm which is absolutely stable, together with a high convergence ratio and fast solution speed even for extremely large mirrors. For this aim, we introduced a self-adaptive iterative algorithm to calculate the dwell time in this paper. Simulations were conducted in bonnet polishing (BP) to test the performance of this method on a real fused silica part with the initial surface error , . The final surface residual error in the clear aperture after two simulation steps turned out to be , . The results confirm that this method is stable and has a high convergence ratio and fast solution speed even with an ordinary computer. It is notable that the solution time is usually just a few seconds even on a part. Hence, we believe that this method is perfectly suitable for polishing large optics. And not only can it be applied to BP, but it can also be applied to other subaperture deterministic polishing processes.
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