Abstract

We demonstrate a multistage erbium fiber amplifier seeded by a gain-switched laser diode operating at a wavelength of 1550 nm and a repetition rate of 1 MHz. The pulse energy is 0.5 μJ, and the pulse duration is 40 ps, resulting in a peak power of 11.4 kW. The three-stage all-fiber amplifier system is designed to avoid any spectral distortions induced by gain saturation or nonlinear effects and high levels of amplified spontaneous emission. The output pulses are close to transform limited with a Gaussian pulse envelope.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (7)

H. J. Liu and X. F. Li, “High power tunable picosecond green laser pulse generation by frequency doubling of an Yb-doped fiber power amplifier seeded by a gain switch laser diode,” Laser Phys. 21, 2118–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Kanzelmeyer, H. Sayinc, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber based amplification of 40  ps pulses from a gain-switched laser diode,” Opt. Express 19, 1854–1859 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Consoli, J. M. G. Tijero, and I. Esquivias, “Time resolved chirp measurements of gain switched semiconductor laser using a polarization based optical differentiator,” Opt. Express 19, 10805–10812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu and J. Zhang, “Design of low-timing jitter, stable picosecond optical-pulse source using an uncooled gain-switched Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser with external continuous-wave light injection,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2100–2105 (2011).

C. de Dios and H. Lamela, “Improvements to long-duration low-power gain-switching diode laser pulses using a highly nonlinear optical loop mirror: theory and experiment,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 700–707 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ryvkin, E. A. Avrutin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Quantum well laser with an extremely large active layer width to optical confinement factor ratio for high-energy single picosecond pulse generation by gain switching,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 045010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. Dutta, “Timing jitter measurement and its reduction for gain-switched DFB laser,” Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. N. Vainshtein, G. S. Simin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Deriving of single intensive picosecond optical pulses from a high-power gain-switched laser diode by spectral filtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 4109–4113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

D. Taverner, D. Richardson, L. Dong, J. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. Penty, “158  μJ pulses from a single-transverse-mode, large-mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 22, 378–380 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

H.-F. Liu, M. Tohyama, T. Kamiya, and M. Kawahara, “Pulse broadening in picosecond amplification by a 1.3  μm InGaAsP traveling-wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, “Correlated and uncorrelated timing jitter in gain-switched laser-diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1140–1143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

J. M. Wiesenfeld, R. S. Tucker, and P. M. Downey, “Picosecond measurements of chirp in gain-switched, single-mode injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1307–1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, H.

Andrejco, M. J.

Avrutin, E.

Avrutin, E. A.

B. S. Ryvkin, E. A. Avrutin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Quantum well laser with an extremely large active layer width to optical confinement factor ratio for high-energy single picosecond pulse generation by gain switching,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 045010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J.

Chen, S.

Consoli, A.

Davey, R. P.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

de Dios, C.

de Matos, C. J. S.

DiGiovanni, D.

Dong, H.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. Dutta, “Timing jitter measurement and its reduction for gain-switched DFB laser,” Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Downey, P. M.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, R. S. Tucker, and P. M. Downey, “Picosecond measurements of chirp in gain-switched, single-mode injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1307–1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. Dutta, “Timing jitter measurement and its reduction for gain-switched DFB laser,” Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Erbert, G.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, M. Uebernickel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Pulse-shape improvement during amplification and second-harmonic generation of picosecond pulses at 531  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1500–1502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Erdmann, R.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, M. Uebernickel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Pulse-shape improvement during amplification and second-harmonic generation of picosecond pulses at 531  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1500–1502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Esquivias, I.

Frede, M.

Gao, C.

Gunning, P.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Guo, H.

Headley, C.

Horinaka, H.

Ibsen, M.

K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Full characterization of low-power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electrooptic modulation-based linear FROG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 505–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

Ito, T.

Jasapara, J. C.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, “Correlated and uncorrelated timing jitter in gain-switched laser-diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1140–1143 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, T.

H.-F. Liu, M. Tohyama, T. Kamiya, and M. Kawahara, “Pulse broadening in picosecond amplification by a 1.3  μm InGaAsP traveling-wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kanzelmeyer, S.

Kashyap, R.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Kawahara, M.

H.-F. Liu, M. Tohyama, T. Kamiya, and M. Kawahara, “Pulse broadening in picosecond amplification by a 1.3  μm InGaAsP traveling-wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kazunori, K.

Kennedy, R. E.

Kimura, Y.

Koch, T. L.

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kostamovaara, J.

Kostamovaara, J. T.

B. S. Ryvkin, E. A. Avrutin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Quantum well laser with an extremely large active layer width to optical confinement factor ratio for high-energy single picosecond pulse generation by gain switching,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 045010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Vainshtein, G. S. Simin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Deriving of single intensive picosecond optical pulses from a high-power gain-switched laser diode by spectral filtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 4109–4113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Lamela, H.

Lanz, B.

Lauritsen, K.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, M. Uebernickel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Pulse-shape improvement during amplification and second-harmonic generation of picosecond pulses at 531  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1500–1502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. F.

H. J. Liu and X. F. Li, “High power tunable picosecond green laser pulse generation by frequency doubling of an Yb-doped fiber power amplifier seeded by a gain switch laser diode,” Laser Phys. 21, 2118–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

Liu, H. J.

H. J. Liu and X. F. Li, “High power tunable picosecond green laser pulse generation by frequency doubling of an Yb-doped fiber power amplifier seeded by a gain switch laser diode,” Laser Phys. 21, 2118–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-F.

H.-F. Liu, M. Tohyama, T. Kamiya, and M. Kawahara, “Pulse broadening in picosecond amplification by a 1.3  μm InGaAsP traveling-wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu and J. Zhang, “Design of low-timing jitter, stable picosecond optical-pulse source using an uncooled gain-switched Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser with external continuous-wave light injection,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2100–2105 (2011).

Lucek, J. K.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Malinowski, A.

K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Full characterization of low-power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electrooptic modulation-based linear FROG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 505–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsuyama, T.

Moodie, D. G.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Nakazawa, M.

Neumann, J.

Nicholson, J. W.

Paschke, K.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, M. Uebernickel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Pulse-shape improvement during amplification and second-harmonic generation of picosecond pulses at 531  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1500–1502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pataca, D. M.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Penty, R.

Petropoulos, P.

K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Full characterization of low-power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electrooptic modulation-based linear FROG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 505–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Full characterization of low-power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electrooptic modulation-based linear FROG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 505–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Riecke, S. M.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Riecke, K. Lauritsen, R. Erdmann, M. Uebernickel, K. Paschke, and G. Erbert, “Pulse-shape improvement during amplification and second-harmonic generation of picosecond pulses at 531  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1500–1502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rocha, M. L.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Roelens, M. A. F.

K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Full characterization of low-power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electrooptic modulation-based linear FROG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 505–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ryvkin, B.

Ryvkin, B. S.

B. S. Ryvkin, E. A. Avrutin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Quantum well laser with an extremely large active layer width to optical confinement factor ratio for high-energy single picosecond pulse generation by gain switching,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 045010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, A.

Sato, K.

Sayinc, H.

Schwertfeger, S.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A. S.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Simin, G. S.

S. N. Vainshtein, G. S. Simin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Deriving of single intensive picosecond optical pulses from a high-power gain-switched laser diode by spectral filtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 4109–4113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Souza, R. F.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves Optoelecton. 1, 46–63 (1997).

Takamatsu, S.

Takashima, K.

Taniguchi, H.

Tao, J.

Taverner, D.

Taylor, J. R.

Theeg, T.

Tijero, J. M. G.

Tohyama, M.

H.-F. Liu, M. Tohyama, T. Kamiya, and M. Kawahara, “Pulse broadening in picosecond amplification by a 1.3  μm InGaAsP traveling-wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 132–134 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, R. S. Tucker, and P. M. Downey, “Picosecond measurements of chirp in gain-switched, single-mode injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1307–1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Uebernickel, M.

Vainshtein, S. N.

S. N. Vainshtein, G. S. Simin, and J. T. Kostamovaara, “Deriving of single intensive picosecond optical pulses from a high-power gain-switched laser diode by spectral filtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 4109–4113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vu, K. T.

K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Full characterization of low-power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electrooptic modulation-based linear FROG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 505–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wada, K.

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Dong, and N. Dutta, “Timing jitter measurement and its reduction for gain-switched DFB laser,” Proc. SPIE 5349, 255–261 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Watanabe, H.

Wenzel, H.

S. M. Riecke, H. Wenzel, S. Schwertfeger, K. Lauritsen, K. Paschke, R. Erdmann, and G. Erbert, “Picosecond spectral dynamics of gain-switched DFB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 715–722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, R. S. Tucker, and P. M. Downey, “Picosecond measurements of chirp in gain-switched, single-mode injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1307–1309 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K.

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A. L. S. GmbH, http://www.alsgmbh.com .

Polar Laser Laboratories, http://polarlaser-labs.com .

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the multistage fiber amplifier seeded by a gain-switched laser diode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

DFB-SLD spectrum after the spectral bandpass.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal intensity profile of the gain-switched laser diode.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectrum of the first amplifier stage before and after the spectral bandpass.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal intensity profile of the first amplifier.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output spectrum of the second amplifier stage before and after the spectral bandpass.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Temporal intensity profile of the second amplifier.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Output spectrum of the third amplifier stage.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Temporal intensity profile of the third amplifier stage.

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