Abstract

A white light vortex coronagraph was used to experimentally achieve sub-resolution detection. The angular location of the centroid γ, and the angular extent of circular pinhole sources Θ, were measured to within errors of δγ=±0.015λ/D and δΘ=±0.026λ/D. This technique has two advantages over conventional imaging: simple power measurements are made and shorter exposure times may be required to achieve a sufficient signal-to-noise ratio.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

R. Errmann, S. Minardi, and T. Pertsch, “A broad-band scalar vortex coronagraph,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 435, 565–569 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464, 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

A. Carlotti, G. Ricort, and C. Aime, “Phase mask coronagraphy using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 504, 663–671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, C. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2006 (2)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2003 (2)

J. Leach and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of chromatic effects near a white-light vortex,” New J. Phys. 5, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Shahram and P. Milanfar, “Statistical analysis of achievable resolution in incoherent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5204, 1–9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1992 (2)

N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, and A. G. White, “Generation of optical phase singularities by computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 221–223 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 52, 1037–1039 (1990) [JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990)].

1952 (1)

G. Toraldo Di Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Il Nuovo Cimento Suppl. 9, 426–438 (1952).

1949 (1)

Abdul-Malik, R. S.

Absil, O.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aime, C.

A. Carlotti, G. Ricort, and C. Aime, “Phase mask coronagraphy using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 504, 663–671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alibert, Y.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Andrei, A. H.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Arenou, F.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Baba, N.

Baudoz, P.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bazhenov, V. Y.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 52, 1037–1039 (1990) [JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990)].

Beichman, C.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Bernet, S.

Boccaletti, A.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

Brown, A. G. A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Burruss, R.

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464, 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cara, C.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Carlotti, A.

A. Carlotti, G. Ricort, and C. Aime, “Phase mask coronagraphy using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 504, 663–671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chelli, A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Christiaens, V.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Close, L. M.

Cockell, C. S.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Collins, B.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Almeida, A. M.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Delacroix, C.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dominik, M.

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Durand, G.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Duvert, G.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Eiroa, C.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Errmann, R.

R. Errmann, S. Minardi, and T. Pertsch, “A broad-band scalar vortex coronagraph,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 435, 565–569 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Feautrier, P.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Foo, G.

Ford, E. L.

Forsberg, P.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Forveille, T.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Fukumoto, R.

Furhapter, S.

Garcia, P. J. V.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Goullioud, R.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Guyon, O.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Habraken, S.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hamaguchi, S.

Han, J.

J. Han, “Imaging unresolved object using vortex mode detection,” M.S. thesis (Rochester Institute of Technology, 2012).

Hanot, C.

Hasman, E.

Heckenberg, N. R.

Hinglais, E.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Hobbs, D.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Ise, A.

Jakobsson, B.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Jenkins, C.

C. Jenkins, “Optical vortex coronagraphs on ground-based telescopes,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 384, 515–524 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jesacher, A.

Kaltenegger, L.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Kanburapa, P.

P. Kanburapa and G. A. Swartzlander, “White-light optical vortex coronagraph,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4E.2.

P. Kanburapa, “White-light optical vortex coronagraph,” M.S. thesis (Rochester Institute of Technology, 2012).

Karlsson, M.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Khonina, S. N.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, V.

Kotlyar, V. V.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Krist, J.

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

Krone-Martins, A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Kuchner, M. J.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuittinen, M.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Labadie, L.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Lagage, P.-O.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Lagrange, A.-M.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Lammer, H.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Laskar, J.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Lazorenko, P. F.

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leach, J.

J. Leach and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of chromatic effects near a white-light vortex,” New J. Phys. 5, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Léger, A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Liewer, K.

Liseau, R.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Lunine, J.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Malbet, F.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Maldonado, J.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mariyenko, I. G.

Marrucci, L.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mawet, D.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464, 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, C. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mayor, M.

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McDuff, R.

McEldowney, S.

Mercier, M.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Meunier, N.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Milanfar, P.

M. Shahram and P. Milanfar, “Statistical analysis of achievable resolution in incoherent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5204, 1–9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, S.

R. Errmann, S. Minardi, and T. Pertsch, “A broad-band scalar vortex coronagraph,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 435, 565–569 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Moody, D.

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

Mordasini, C.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Murakami, N.

O’Brien, N.

Oka, K.

Osterberg, H.

Padgett, M. J.

J. Leach and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of chromatic effects near a white-light vortex,” New J. Phys. 5, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Palacios, D. M.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pepe, F.

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

R. Errmann, S. Minardi, and T. Pertsch, “A broad-band scalar vortex coronagraph,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 435, 565–569 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Peters, M. A.

Pluzhnik, E. A.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pueyo, L.

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

Queloz, D.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Quirrenbach, A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Rambaux, N.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Raymond, S.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Riaud, P.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ricort, G.

A. Carlotti, G. Ricort, and C. Aime, “Phase mask coronagraphy using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 504, 663–671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ridgway, S. T.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ritsch-Marte, M.

Röttgering, H. J. A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Sahlmann, J.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Sakamoto, M.

Schuller, P. A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Ségransan, D.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Selsis, F.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Serabyn, E.

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464, 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, K. Liewer, C. Hanot, S. McEldowney, D. Shemo, and N. O’Brien, “Optical vectorial vortex coronagraphs using liquid crystal polymers: theory, manufacturing and laboratory demonstration,” Opt. Express 17, 1902–1918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shahram, M.

M. Shahram and P. Milanfar, “Statistical analysis of achievable resolution in incoherent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5204, 1–9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shao, M.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Shemo, D.

Shinkaryev, M. V.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. P.

Soifer, V. A.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 52, 1037–1039 (1990) [JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990)].

Sozzetti, A.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Strohaber, J.

Surdej, J.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tamura, M.

Toraldo Di Francia, G.

G. Toraldo Di Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Il Nuovo Cimento Suppl. 9, 426–438 (1952).

Traub, W.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Udry, S.

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Uiterwaal, C. J. G. J.

Uspleniev, G. V.

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vartiainen, I.

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vasnetsov, M. V.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 52, 1037–1039 (1990) [JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990)].

Villaver, E.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

White, A. G.

White, G. J.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Wilkins, J. E.

Wilson, D. W.

Zinnecker, H.

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Astron. Astrophys. (3)

A. Carlotti, G. Ricort, and C. Aime, “Phase mask coronagraphy using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Astron. Astrophys. 504, 663–671 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Delacroix, O. Absil, P. Forsberg, D. Mawet, V. Christiaens, M. Karlsson, A. Boccaletti, P. Baudoz, M. Kuittinen, I. Vartiainen, J. Surdej, and S. Habraken, “Laboratory demonstration of a mid-infrared AGPM vector vortex coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 553, A98–A106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Lazorenko, M. Mayor, M. Dominik, F. Pepe, D. Ségransan, and S. Udry, “Precision multi-epoch astrometry with VLT cameras FORS1/2,” Astron. Astrophys. 505, 903–918 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. (1)

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (1)

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, M. J. Kuchner, B. Collins, and S. T. Ridgway, “Theoretical limits on extrasolar terrestrial planet detection with coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 167, 81–99 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Astron. (1)

F. Malbet, A. Léger, M. Shao, R. Goullioud, P.-O. Lagage, A. G. A. Brown, C. Cara, G. Durand, C. Eiroa, P. Feautrier, B. Jakobsson, E. Hinglais, L. Kaltenegger, L. Labadie, A.-M. Lagrange, J. Laskar, R. Liseau, J. Lunine, J. Maldonado, M. Mercier, C. Mordasini, D. Queloz, A. Quirrenbach, A. Sozzetti, W. Traub, O. Absil, Y. Alibert, A. H. Andrei, F. Arenou, C. Beichman, A. Chelli, C. S. Cockell, G. Duvert, T. Forveille, P. J. V. Garcia, D. Hobbs, A. Krone-Martins, H. Lammer, N. Meunier, S. Minardi, A. M. de Almeida, N. Rambaux, S. Raymond, H. J. A. Röttgering, J. Sahlmann, P. A. Schuller, D. Ségransan, F. Selsis, J. Surdej, E. Villaver, G. J. White, and H. Zinnecker, “High precision astrometry mission for the detection and characterization of nearby habitable planetary systems with the Nearby Earth Astrometric Telescope (NEAT),” Exp. Astron. 34, 385–413 (2012).

Il Nuovo Cimento Suppl. (1)

G. Toraldo Di Francia, “Super-gain antennas and optical resolving power,” Il Nuovo Cimento Suppl. 9, 426–438 (1952).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, M. V. Shinkaryev, V. A. Soifer, and G. V. Uspleniev, “The phase rotor filter,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1147–1154 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (2)

R. Errmann, S. Minardi, and T. Pertsch, “A broad-band scalar vortex coronagraph,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 435, 565–569 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Jenkins, “Optical vortex coronagraphs on ground-based telescopes,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 384, 515–524 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

E. Serabyn, D. Mawet, and R. Burruss, “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star,” Nature 464, 1018–1020 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. Leach and M. J. Padgett, “Observation of chromatic effects near a white-light vortex,” New J. Phys. 5, 154 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. V. Vasnetsov, and M. S. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 52, 1037–1039 (1990) [JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990)].

Proc. SPIE (2)

D. Mawet, L. Pueyo, D. Moody, J. Krist, and E. Serabyn, “The vector vortex coronagraph: sensitivity to central obscuration, low-order aberrations, chromaticism, and polarization,” Proc. SPIE 7739, 773914 (2010).

M. Shahram and P. Milanfar, “Statistical analysis of achievable resolution in incoherent imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5204, 1–9 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

J. Han, “Imaging unresolved object using vortex mode detection,” M.S. thesis (Rochester Institute of Technology, 2012).

P. Kanburapa and G. A. Swartzlander, “White-light optical vortex coronagraph,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FTh4E.2.

P. Kanburapa, “White-light optical vortex coronagraph,” M.S. thesis (Rochester Institute of Technology, 2012).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of an OVC with lens L1 located at entrance aperture AP, vortex-phase element with transmission tm=exp(imθ), and field lens L2. The geometric exit pupil is located at the x,y plane, where the Lyot stop (LS) truncates the field. The spatially integrated power transmitted through the LS is recorded by a photo detector (PD). (b) Phase profile of vortex phase mask with transmission exp(i2θ). (c) On-axis coherent light (α=0) is diffracted outside of the geometric exit pupil (m=2 case shown). (d) Tilted plane waves at the aperture form an approximate image of the entrance pupil at the x,y plane.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized power transmitted through the LS (RLS=R/2) due to a distant point source displaced from the optical axis by angle α in units of the resolution angle λ/D.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Theoretical interference pattern between a plane wave and a charge m=2 vortex. (b) Zoomed-in image of the 10mm×10mm binary amplitude grating fabricated by laser lithography with 250 line pairs per mm (4 μm pitch).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental implementation of a broadband holographic OVC. (a) White light is launched from a fiber, collimated by an off-axis parabolic mirror (OAP), and focused by lens L0 (f0=30mm) onto a small pinhole (PH). Lens L1 (f1=30mm or 100 mm) forms the Fourier-transform of PH at aperture AP (D=0.5mm) to simulate a distant point source. Quasi-plane waves enter the OVC at AP. (b) Light that transmits through AP is focused by lens L2 onto vortex hologram VH [see Fig. 3(b)], which impresses an m=2 vortex phase profile on the first diffracted order. Lenses L3 and L4 reimage the focal spot at diffraction grating (DG). The line pair spacing of DG is equal to that of the VH (4 μm). Hence, light that emerges in the first diffracted order from DG is dispersion-compensated. Lens L5 forms the exit pupil at the CCD. Lenses L2, L3, L4, and L5 have focal length f2=300mm. A variable LS may be placed in front of the CCD to block light that originates on the optical axis at the PH plane. (c) and (d) Measured irradiance at the CCD without the LS in place (5 μm diameter pinhole and f1=30mm). (c) If the pinhole is displaced from the optical axis, then an approximate image of the entrance pupil appears at the CCD. (d) In the case where the pinhole source coincides with the optical axis, most of the light is relocated outside of the geometric exit pupil and may be blocked by LS.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Diagram of pinhole source PH [see Fig. 4(a)] whose centroid is (a) misaligned and (b) aligned with the optical axis. The angles γ and Θ refer to the angular displacement of the source centroid and angular extent of the pinhole source, respectively. Lens L1 forms the Fourier-transform of the source at AP.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Relative power in the LS region of the CCD image due to three representative circular sources with angular extent Θ and angular displacement γ. The theoretical results (solid lines) and uncertainty in the effective source size (dotted lines) are included for comparison. The experimental error bars result from postprocessing. The power is normalized to the m=0 case and a central wavelength of λ=550nm is assumed.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Relative power in the LS region of the CCD for ten different effective angular extents Θ with the source centroid located on the optical axis (i.e., γ=0). The theoretical result (solid line) is shown for comparison. The expected response owing to a ±10% change in LS radius (dotted lines) is also included for reference. The experimental error bars result from postprocessing. The power is normalized to the m=0 case and a central wavelength of λ=550nm is assumed.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Relative exposure time Δt2/Δtc required to detect the presence of two point sources separated by angle β, with a detection rate of 0.99 and false alarm rate of 106. The OVC system is compared with a conventional diffraction-limited imaging system with N=20 samples of the measured signal, as described in [29]. The results are plotted for an OVC with optical transmission T and LS ratio r=RLS/R.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

|Um(r,θ)|={Rr|Zn1(Rr)|,r>R0,r<R,
κm=02π0R/2Im(r,θ)rdrdθ,
κm=02π0αmaxI(α,ϕ)Pm(α)sin(α)dαdϕ,
κm=02π0αmaxI(α,ϕ)α|m|sin(α)dαdϕ.
ΔtmΔtc=1r2TN2ηm(SNRmSNRc)2,
SNRc(β)1N2[6.12β416.38β2+16.7],
ΔtmΔtc0.18N2β8ηmr2T(β40.98β2+0.37)2.

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