Abstract

A thulium-doped fiber laser employing a Sagnac loop mirror made by a 145.5 cm polarization-maintaining fiber is demonstrated, which can operate with stable dual-wavelength lasing or tunable single-wavelength lasing around 1860 nm. Both stable dual-wavelength and tunable single-wavelength lasing are achieved by adjusting a polarization controller in the Sagnac loop mirror. The experimental results show that the output of the reported fiber laser with two different operation modes is rather stable at room temperature.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3
  2. Y. D. Zhu, P. Zhou, H. B. Lv, H. Xiao, and S. F. Guo, “0.13  mJ all-fiberized Tm-doped fiber laser at low repetition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.
  3. K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho: LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).
  5. P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).
  6. S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  um,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).
  7. X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).
  8. Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).
  9. C. W. Rudy, K. E. Urbanek, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Amplified 2-μm thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked figure-eight laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1809–1812 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1943–1946 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, K. Thambiratnam, and S. W. Harun, “2.0-μm Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501108 (2013).
  12. H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).
  13. Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.
  15. M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, “415  W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (CLEOE) (2007), paper CP2-3-THU.
  16. A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 226  W high power Tm fiber laser,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT) (2008), pp. 1–2.
  17. J. Liu and P. Wang, “High-power broadband thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent source at 2  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 242–245 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Christensen, G. Frith, and B. Samson, “Thulium-doped fiber lasers: providing eye-safer high power output,” in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2008), pp. 728–729.
  19. S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Luo, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Multiwavelength switchable erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a PBS-based Mach–Zehnder comb filter,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 197–202 (2011).
  21. X. Liu, L. Zhan, S. Luo, Y. Wang, and Q. Shen, “Individually switchable and widely tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on cascaded mismatching long-period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3319–3326 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Zou, S. Lou, G. Yin, and W. Su, “Switchable dual-wavelength PM-EDF ring laser based on a novel filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1003–1006 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).
  24. Y. Wei, K. Hu, B. Sun, and T. Wang, “All-fiber widely wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a Fabry–Perot filter,” Laser Phys. 22, 770–773 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).
  26. T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.
  27. J. Xu, Y. Tang, Y. Yang, and Y. Hang, “High power tunable Tm3+-fiber lasers and its application in pumping Cr3+:ZnSe lasers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), pp. 403–407.
  28. A. Hemming, A. Sebella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4  W tunable Tm3+:Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD2.
  29. L. Pearson, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely-tunable thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier around 2  μm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD6.
  30. W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090  nm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1989–1991 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  31. I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. B. KIm, C. J. Chae, and S. H. Choi, “Investigation of polarization tuning mechanism in fiber ring cavity laser,” in The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Pacific Rim’ 99) (IET, 1999), pp. 501–502.
  32. U. Ghera, N. Konforti, and M. Tur, “Wavelength tunability in a Nd-doped fiber laser with an intracavity polarizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 4–6 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  33. X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).

2013 (11)

J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1943–1946 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, K. Thambiratnam, and S. W. Harun, “2.0-μm Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501108 (2013).

H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).

J. Liu and P. Wang, “High-power broadband thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent source at 2  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 242–245 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

H. Zou, S. Lou, G. Yin, and W. Su, “Switchable dual-wavelength PM-EDF ring laser based on a novel filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1003–1006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).

C. W. Rudy, K. E. Urbanek, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, “Amplified 2-μm thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked figure-eight laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1809–1812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

Y. Wei, K. Hu, B. Sun, and T. Wang, “All-fiber widely wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a Fabry–Perot filter,” Laser Phys. 22, 770–773 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

A. Luo, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Multiwavelength switchable erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a PBS-based Mach–Zehnder comb filter,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 197–202 (2011).

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Zhan, S. Luo, Y. Wang, and Q. Shen, “Individually switchable and widely tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on cascaded mismatching long-period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3319–3326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

2007 (1)

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  um,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).

2006 (1)

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).

2005 (1)

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho: LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1992 (1)

U. Ghera, N. Konforti, and M. Tur, “Wavelength tunability in a Nd-doped fiber laser with an intracavity polarizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 4–6 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, K. Thambiratnam, and S. W. Harun, “2.0-μm Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501108 (2013).

Ahn, T. J.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).

Arif, R. N.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Barnes, N. P.

Bennetts, S.

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 226  W high power Tm fiber laser,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT) (2008), pp. 1–2.

A. Hemming, A. Sebella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4  W tunable Tm3+:Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD2.

Boyland, A. J.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Byer, R. L.

Carmody, N.

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 226  W high power Tm fiber laser,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT) (2008), pp. 1–2.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

Chae, C. J.

I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. B. KIm, C. J. Chae, and S. H. Choi, “Investigation of polarization tuning mechanism in fiber ring cavity laser,” in The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Pacific Rim’ 99) (IET, 1999), pp. 501–502.

Chen, K. P.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

Chen, T.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

Chen, W.

Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).

Chernysheva, M. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Choi, S. H.

I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. B. KIm, C. J. Chae, and S. H. Choi, “Investigation of polarization tuning mechanism in fiber ring cavity laser,” in The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Pacific Rim’ 99) (IET, 1999), pp. 501–502.

Christensen, S.

S. Christensen, G. Frith, and B. Samson, “Thulium-doped fiber lasers: providing eye-safer high power output,” in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2008), pp. 728–729.

Clarkson, W. A.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090  nm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1989–1991 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Pearson, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely-tunable thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier around 2  μm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD6.

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Davidson, A.

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 226  W high power Tm fiber laser,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT) (2008), pp. 1–2.

Deng, Z.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Drozhzhin, A.

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, “415  W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (CLEOE) (2007), paper CP2-3-THU.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

S. Christensen, G. Frith, and B. Samson, “Thulium-doped fiber lasers: providing eye-safer high power output,” in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2008), pp. 728–729.

Gapontsev, D.

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, “415  W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (CLEOE) (2007), paper CP2-3-THU.

Ghera, U.

U. Ghera, N. Konforti, and M. Tur, “Wavelength tunability in a Nd-doped fiber laser with an intracavity polarizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 4–6 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Guo, S. F.

Y. D. Zhu, P. Zhou, H. B. Lv, H. Xiao, and S. F. Guo, “0.13  mJ all-fiberized Tm-doped fiber laser at low repetition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Hang, Y.

J. Xu, Y. Tang, Y. Yang, and Y. Hang, “High power tunable Tm3+-fiber lasers and its application in pumping Cr3+:ZnSe lasers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), pp. 403–407.

Hanna, D. C.

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, K. Thambiratnam, and S. W. Harun, “2.0-μm Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501108 (2013).

He, Y.

H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).

Hemming, A.

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 226  W high power Tm fiber laser,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT) (2008), pp. 1–2.

A. Hemming, A. Sebella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4  W tunable Tm3+:Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD2.

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho: LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, K.

Y. Wei, K. Hu, B. Sun, and T. Wang, “All-fiber widely wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a Fabry–Perot filter,” Laser Phys. 22, 770–773 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Q.

Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho: LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  um,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).

A. Hemming, A. Sebella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4  W tunable Tm3+:Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD2.

Kadwani, P.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.

KIm, C. B.

I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. B. KIm, C. J. Chae, and S. H. Choi, “Investigation of polarization tuning mechanism in fiber ring cavity laser,” in The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Pacific Rim’ 99) (IET, 1999), pp. 501–502.

Kim, I. S.

I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. B. KIm, C. J. Chae, and S. H. Choi, “Investigation of polarization tuning mechanism in fiber ring cavity laser,” in The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Pacific Rim’ 99) (IET, 1999), pp. 501–502.

Kim, J. W.

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Konforti, N.

U. Ghera, N. Konforti, and M. Tur, “Wavelength tunability in a Nd-doped fiber laser with an intracavity polarizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 4–6 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Krylov, A. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Lancaster, D. G.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  um,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).

A. Hemming, S. Bennetts, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 226  W high power Tm fiber laser,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference/Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (OECC/ACOFT) (2008), pp. 1–2.

A. Hemming, A. Sebella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4  W tunable Tm3+:Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD2.

Lee, J. H.

I. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, C. B. KIm, C. J. Chae, and S. H. Choi, “Investigation of polarization tuning mechanism in fiber ring cavity laser,” in The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Pacific Rim’ 99) (IET, 1999), pp. 501–502.

Lee, Y. L.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).

Li, J.

H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).

H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).

Li, M.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

Li, W.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Liu, J.

J. Liu and P. Wang, “High-power broadband thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent source at 2  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 242–245 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).

Lou, S.

H. Zou, S. Lou, G. Yin, and W. Su, “Switchable dual-wavelength PM-EDF ring laser based on a novel filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1003–1006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

Luo, A.

A. Luo, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Multiwavelength switchable erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a PBS-based Mach–Zehnder comb filter,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 197–202 (2011).

Luo, H.

H. Luo, J. Li, J. Li, Y. He, and Y. Liu, “Numerical modeling and optimization of mid-infrared fluoride glass Raman fiber lasers pumped by Tm3+-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 2700211 (2013).

Luo, S.

Luo, S. Y.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

A. Luo, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Multiwavelength switchable erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a PBS-based Mach–Zehnder comb filter,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 197–202 (2011).

Lv, H. B.

Y. D. Zhu, P. Zhou, H. B. Lv, H. Xiao, and S. F. Guo, “0.13  mJ all-fiberized Tm-doped fiber laser at low repetition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

McComb, T. S.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.

Meleshkevich, M.

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, “415  W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (CLEOE) (2007), paper CP2-3-THU.

Mou, C.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

Nilsson, J.

Noh, Y. C.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).

Ouyang, D.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Pearson, L.

L. Pearson, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely-tunable thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier around 2  μm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD6.

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Platonov, N.

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, “415  W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (CLEOE) (2007), paper CP2-3-THU.

Richardson, M.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

Rozhin, A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Ruan, S.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Rudy, C. W.

Rummeli, M. H.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Sabella, A.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, “Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2  um,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567–572 (2007).

Sahu, J. K.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

L. Pearson, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely-tunable thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier around 2  μm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD6.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

S. Christensen, G. Frith, and B. Samson, “Thulium-doped fiber lasers: providing eye-safer high power output,” in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2008), pp. 728–729.

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm, Ho: LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sebella, A.

A. Hemming, A. Sebella, S. Bennetts, S. D. Jackson, and D. G. Lancaster, “A 4  W tunable Tm3+:Ho3+ silica fiber laser,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD2.

Shah, L.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.

Shen, D.

J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1943–1946 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Shen, D. Y.

L. Pearson, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely-tunable thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier around 2  μm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), paper CFD6.

Shen, Q.

Shin, W.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).

Si, L.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).

Sims, R. A.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

Song, Y. J.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Su, W.

H. Zou, S. Lou, G. Yin, and W. Su, “Switchable dual-wavelength PM-EDF ring laser based on a novel filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1003–1006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sun, B.

Y. Wei, K. Hu, B. Sun, and T. Wang, “All-fiber widely wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a Fabry–Perot filter,” Laser Phys. 22, 770–773 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

J. Xu, Y. Tang, Y. Yang, and Y. Hang, “High power tunable Tm3+-fiber lasers and its application in pumping Cr3+:ZnSe lasers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), pp. 403–407.

Tao, R.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).

Thambiratnam, K.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, K. Thambiratnam, and S. W. Harun, “2.0-μm Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501108 (2013).

Tur, M.

U. Ghera, N. Konforti, and M. Tur, “Wavelength tunability in a Nd-doped fiber laser with an intracavity polarizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 4–6 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, C. Mou, R. N. Arif, A. Rozhin, M. H. Rummeli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “300-mW average output power hybrid mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (IET, 2013), pp. 1–3

Turner, P. W.

Urbanek, K. E.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-doped fiber lasers: fundamentals and power scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85–92 (2009).

Wang, P.

J. Liu and P. Wang, “High-power broadband thulium-doped all-fiber superfluorescent source at 2  μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 242–245 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

Wang, T.

Y. Wei, K. Hu, B. Sun, and T. Wang, “All-fiber widely wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a Fabry–Perot filter,” Laser Phys. 22, 770–773 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).

Wang, Y.

J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1943–1946 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Zhan, S. Luo, Y. Wang, and Q. Shen, “Individually switchable and widely tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on cascaded mismatching long-period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3319–3326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

Y. Wei, K. Hu, B. Sun, and T. Wang, “All-fiber widely wavelength-tunable thulium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a Fabry–Perot filter,” Laser Phys. 22, 770–773 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wen, L.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Willis, C. C. C.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Tunable high power thulium fiber lasers,” in IEEE Photonics Society, 23rd Annual Meeting of the Digital Object Identifier (IEEE, 2010), pp. 618–619.

Wu, Y.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Xia, Y. X.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

Y. D. Zhu, P. Zhou, H. B. Lv, H. Xiao, and S. F. Guo, “0.13  mJ all-fiberized Tm-doped fiber laser at low repetition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Xu, J.

J. Xu, Y. Tang, Y. Yang, and Y. Hang, “High power tunable Tm3+-fiber lasers and its application in pumping Cr3+:ZnSe lasers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), pp. 403–407.

Xu, W.

A. Luo, Z. Luo, and W. Xu, “Multiwavelength switchable erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a PBS-based Mach–Zehnder comb filter,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 197–202 (2011).

Yang, J.

H. Lin, C. Guo, S. Ruan, J. Yang, D. Ouyang, Y. Wu, and L. Wen, “Tunable and switchable dual-wavelength dissipative soliton operation of a weak-birefringence all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501807 (2013).

Yang, Y.

J. Xu, Y. Tang, Y. Yang, and Y. Hang, “High power tunable Tm3+-fiber lasers and its application in pumping Cr3+:ZnSe lasers,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics/Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (CLEO/QELS) (IET, 2008), pp. 403–407.

Yao, J. P.

X. Chen, Z. Deng, and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave signal using a dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 804–809 (2006).

Yin, G.

H. Zou, S. Lou, G. Yin, and W. Su, “Switchable dual-wavelength PM-EDF ring laser based on a novel filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1003–1006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. A.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19, 304–308 (2013).

Yu, T.

Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).

Zhan, L.

X. Liu, L. Zhan, S. Luo, Y. Wang, and Q. Shen, “Individually switchable and widely tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on cascaded mismatching long-period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3319–3326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a multisection high-birefringence fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387–1389 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131117 (2013).

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and D. Shen, “High repetition rate gain-switched thulium fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1943–1946 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, and M. Ibsen, “High-power single-frequency thulium-doped fiber DBR laser at 1943  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 417–419 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, L. Pearson, Z. Zhang, J. W. Kim, D. Shen, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, and M. Ibsen, “High power thulium doped fiber lasers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OWT1.

Zheng, Y.

Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).

Zhou, P.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, R. Tao, and L. Si, “2  μm Tm-doped all fiber pulse laser with active mode-locking and relaxation oscillation modulating,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1502206 (2013).

Y. D. Zhu, P. Zhou, H. B. Lv, H. Xiao, and S. F. Guo, “0.13  mJ all-fiberized Tm-doped fiber laser at low repetition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Zhu, Y. D.

Y. D. Zhu, P. Zhou, H. B. Lv, H. Xiao, and S. F. Guo, “0.13  mJ all-fiberized Tm-doped fiber laser at low repetition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–2.

Zou, H.

H. Zou, S. Lou, G. Yin, and W. Su, “Switchable dual-wavelength PM-EDF ring laser based on a novel filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1003–1006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zu, J.

Q. Huang, T. Yu, Y. Zheng, J. Zu, and W. Chen, “2.4-W narrow-linewidth Q-switched Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1500406 (2013).

Zulkifli, A. Z.

H. Ahmad, A. Z. Zulkifli, K. Thambiratnam, and S. W. Harun, “2.0-μm Q-switched thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J. 5, 1501108 (2013).

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S. Christensen, G. Frith, and B. Samson, “Thulium-doped fiber lasers: providing eye-safer high power output,” in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) (IEEE, 2008), pp. 728–729.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic configuration of the reported fiber laser. EDFL, erbium-doped fiber laser; LD, laser diode; ISO, isolator; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; YEDF, ytterbium–erbium-doped fiber; OC, optical coupler; PC, polarization controller; PMF, polarization-maintaining fiber; TSF, thulium-doped single clad fiber; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Output spectrum of the reported fiber laser with single-wavelength lasing. Inset: relationship between the output power and pump power of the TDFL. (b) Output spectrum of the reported fiber laser with dual-wavelength lasing.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of the ASE source (the black curve), the spectrum after the Sagnac loop mirror (the red curve), and the transmission spectrum of the Sagnac loop mirror (the blue curve).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Operating mode with tunable single-wavelength for the reported TDFL.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Operating mode with stable dual-wavelength for the reported TDFL.

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