A discussion and a cryptanalysis of the optical phase-truncated Fourier-transform-based cryptosystem are presented in this paper. The concept of an optical asymmetric cryptosystem, which was introduced into the optical image encryption scheme based on phase-truncated Fourier transforms in 2010, is suggested to be retained in optical encryption. A new method of attack is also proposed to simultaneously obtain the main information of the original image, the two decryption keys from its cyphertext, and the public keys based on the modified amplitude-phase retrieval algorithm. The numerical results illustrate that the computing efficiency of the algorithm is improved and the number of iterations is much less than that by the specific attack, which has two iteration loops.
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