Abstract

The transverse thermoelectric (TE) effect has been investigated in c axis tilted Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films with different oxygen content. The film samples were fabricated by a chemical solution deposition method annealed under different atmospheres of O2, air, and N2, respectively. Open-circuit transverse voltage signals were observed when the surface of the films was heated by a pulsed laser as well as a continuous thermal source. With the increase of oxygen content in the films, the amplitude of the observed voltage signals increased while the response time decreased. The experimental results can be explained by a mechanism involving the transverse TE effect as well as the transport theory of TE materials.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).
  8. Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).
  9. H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Terasaki, Y. Sasago, and K. Uchinokura, “Large thermoelectric power in NaCo2O4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56, R12685 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Zeuner, W. Prettl, and H. Lengfellner, “Fast thermoelectric response of normal state YBa2Cu3O7−δ films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1833–1835 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Th. Zahner, R. Förg, and H. Lengfellner, “Transverse thermoelectric response of a tilted metallic multilayer structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1364–1366 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

2013 (5)

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Th. Zahner, R. Förg, and H. Lengfellner, “Transverse thermoelectric response of a tilted metallic multilayer structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1364–1366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. Terasaki, Y. Sasago, and K. Uchinokura, “Large thermoelectric power in NaCo2O4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56, R12685 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S. Zeuner, W. Prettl, and H. Lengfellner, “Fast thermoelectric response of normal state YBa2Cu3O7−δ films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1833–1835 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, H.

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Z. L.

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Betz, J.

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. C.

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. J.

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. M.

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. S.

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. H.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Förg, R.

Th. Zahner, R. Förg, and H. Lengfellner, “Transverse thermoelectric response of a tilted metallic multilayer structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1364–1366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fu, G. S.

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Habermeie, H. U.

L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).

Habermeier, H.-U.

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, L. P.

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, M.

K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. H.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. N.

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jin, K. J.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kanno, T.

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kremb, G.

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lengfellner, H.

Th. Zahner, R. Förg, and H. Lengfellner, “Transverse thermoelectric response of a tilted metallic multilayer structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1364–1366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Zeuner, W. Prettl, and H. Lengfellner, “Fast thermoelectric response of normal state YBa2Cu3O7−δ films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1833–1835 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. L.

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Linderoth, S.

N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. Q.

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G. Z.

K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H. B.

K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lü, H. B.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Q.

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Majumdar, A.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

McGuire, M. A.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nong, N. V.

N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohtaki, M.

N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Prettl, W.

S. Zeuner, W. Prettl, and H. Lengfellner, “Fast thermoelectric response of normal state YBa2Cu3O7−δ films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1833–1835 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pryds, N.

N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qin, Y.

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ramesh, R.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ravichandran, J.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Renk, K. F.

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sasago, Y.

I. Terasaki, Y. Sasago, and K. Uchinokura, “Large thermoelectric power in NaCo2O4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56, R12685 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schnellbögl, A.

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shang, J.

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Siemons, W.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, W. H.

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y. P.

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tan, S. L.

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Terasaki, I.

I. Terasaki, Y. Sasago, and K. Uchinokura, “Large thermoelectric power in NaCo2O4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56, R12685 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Uchinokura, K.

I. Terasaki, Y. Sasago, and K. Uchinokura, “Large thermoelectric power in NaCo2O4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56, R12685 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vailionis, A.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. F.

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. L.

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. F.

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).

Wu, V.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yadav, A. K.

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, Y.

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, G. Y.

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. Z.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. F.

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, L.

L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).

Yu, W.

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zahner, Th.

Th. Zahner, R. Förg, and H. Lengfellner, “Transverse thermoelectric response of a tilted metallic multilayer structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1364–1366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zeuner, S.

S. Zeuner, W. Prettl, and H. Lengfellner, “Fast thermoelectric response of normal state YBa2Cu3O7−δ films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1833–1835 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. H.

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P. X.

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. C.

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B. C.

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, K.

K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. Q.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, T.

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X. F.

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. L.

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

N. V. Nong, N. Pryds, S. Linderoth, and M. Ohtaki, “Enhancement of the thermoelectric performance of p-type layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+δ through heavy doping and metallic nanoinclusions,” Adv. Mater. 23, 2484–2490 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

G. Y. Yan, S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, Z. L. Bai, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “The effect of microstructure on the laser-induced transverse voltage in Pb-doped Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films on tilted substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 1203–1206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

S. F. Wang, Z. C. Zhang, L. P. He, M. J. Chen, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Epitaxial growth and transport properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy thin films by metal organic deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 162108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Gigantic transverse voltage induced via off-diagonal thermoelectric effect in CaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Light-induced off-diagonal thermoelectric effect via indirect optical heating of incline oriented CaxCoO2 thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhao, K. J. Jin, Y. H. Huang, S. Q. Zhao, H. B. Lü, M. He, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “Ultraviolet fast-response photoelectric effect in tilted orientation SrTiO3 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 173507 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, H. H. Zhang, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Large transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in incline-oriented SrTi1-xNbxO3 films with cubic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 253901 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Lengfellner, G. Kremb, A. Schnellbögl, J. Betz, K. F. Renk, and W. Prettl, “Giant voltages upon surface heating in normal YBa2Cu3O7−δ films suggesting an atomic layer thermopile,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 501–503 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Zeuner, W. Prettl, and H. Lengfellner, “Fast thermoelectric response of normal state YBa2Cu3O7−δ films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1833–1835 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Th. Zahner, R. Förg, and H. Lengfellner, “Transverse thermoelectric response of a tilted metallic multilayer structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1364–1366 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

S. F. Wang, S. S. Chen, F. Q. Liu, G. Y. Yan, J. C. Chen, H. L. Li, J. L. Wang, W. Yu, and G. S. Fu, “Laser-induced voltage effects in c-axis inclined NaxCoO2 thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 7330–7333 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Eng. Comm. (1)

Y. Qin, T. Zhao, B. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and J. F. Yang, “Development of transverse thermoelectric voltage effect in artificial SrTiO3/SrTi1-xNbxO3 epitaxial multilayer films with incline-oriented sublayers,” Cryst. Eng. Comm. 16, 5345–5351 (2014).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

S. F. Wang, Z. L. Bai, H. F. Wang, Q. Lü, J. L. Wang, and G. S. Fu, “High temperature thermoelectric properties of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy/Ag composites,” J. Alloys Compd. 554, 254–257 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. N. Huang, B. C. Zhao, S. Lin, W. H. Song, and Y. P. Sun, “Renormalized bands and low-temperature colossal thermopower induced by Ir doping in Ca3Co4O9 system,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 093709 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

P. X. Zhang, C. Wang, S. L. Tan, H. Zhang, and H.-U. Habermeier, “Improving the performance of thermoelectric devices by doping Ag in LaPbMnO3 thin films,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 2732–2737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

K. Zhao, M. He, G. Z. Liu, and H. B. Lu, “Photo-induced voltage characteristics of La0.9Sr0.1MnO3 films epitaxially grown on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrates,” J. Phys. D 40, 5703–5706 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Ravichandran, A. K. Yadav, W. Siemons, M. A. McGuire, V. Wu, A. Vailionis, A. Majumdar, and R. Ramesh, “Size effects on thermoelectricity in a strongly correlated oxide,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 085112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, T. Kanno, A. Sakai, H. Adachi, and Y. Yamada, “Influence of interband transition on the laser-induced voltage in thermoelectric CaxCoO2 thin film,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 115107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Terasaki, Y. Sasago, and K. Uchinokura, “Large thermoelectric power in NaCo2O4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56, R12685 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi RRL (1)

L. Yu, Y. Wang, P. X. Zhang, and H. U. Habermeie, “Ultrafast transverse thermoelectric response in c-axis inclined epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi RRL 7, 180–183 (2013).

Thin Solid Films (1)

X. F. Zhou, H. Zhang, Q. M. Chen, J. Shang, and P. X. Zhang, “Effects of annealing atmosphere on thermoelectric signals from ZnO films,” Thin Solid Films 519, 3026–3028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic illustration of the transverse TE effect measurements, where a, b, c and x, z represent the crystal axis and the spatial axis, respectively. (b) Schematic crystal structure of Bi2Sr2Co2Oy.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) XRD θ2θ scan curves of the untilted BSCO thin films annealed in O2, air, and N2, respectively. “*” represents a second phase in the film annealed in N2. (b) Magnified curves of (006) peak for these three films.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

In-plane electric conductivity σab and Seebeck coefficient Sab of the untilted BSCO films annealed in O2, air, and N2, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Transverse TE voltage signals of the 10° tilted BSCO films annealed in O2, air, and N2, respectively. The heating source is a 308 nm pulsed laser. (b) Variation of voltage sensitivity R and decay time τd of the transverse TE voltage signals with the annealing atmosphere.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transverse TE voltage signals of the three tilted BSCO films by using a point-like thermal heater as the heating source. Inset is the schematic illustration of the measurements.

Equations (1)

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Vx=l2sin(2α)ΔSzT,

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