Abstract

By employing SrWO4 as Raman active media and ceramic Nd:YAG as laser gain media, a diode-pumped actively Q-switched Raman laser is demonstrated. Single or multiple wavelength first-stokes Raman generations at 1238 and 1252 nm are achieved. To our knowledge, this is the first Raman laser demonstration based on fundamental wavelengths around 1.1 μm. Maximum output powers are 1.02 W at single 1252 nm wavelength, 1.08 W at single 1238 nm wavelength, and 442 mW at multiple wavelengths of 1252 and 1238 nm, corresponding to optical-to-optical conversion efficiencies of 4.78%, 4.95%, and 2.54%, respectively.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. F. Chen, K. W. Su, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd: YAG/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3335–3337 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd: YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692–704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “Compact efficient all-solid-state eye-safe laser with self-frequency Raman conversion in a Nd: YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2172–2174 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3–56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. E. Murphy, “10  GHz 1.3  ps pulse generation using chirped soliton compression in a Raman gain medium,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1424–1426 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. F. Chen, “cw dual-wavelength operation of a diode-end-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 475–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bai, F.

Barnes, J. C.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boughton, R. I.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, X. H.

H. B. Shen, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, X. H. Chen, F. Bai, Z. J. Liu, L. Gao, Z. H. Cong, Z. G. Wu, W. T. Wang, Y. G. Zhang, W. X. Lan, and C. Wang, “Second-Stokes dual-wavelength operation at 1321 and 1325  nm ceramic Nd: YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4519–4521 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Chyba, T. H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cong, Z. H.

H. B. Shen, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, X. H. Chen, F. Bai, Z. J. Liu, L. Gao, Z. H. Cong, Z. G. Wu, W. T. Wang, Y. G. Zhang, W. X. Lan, and C. Wang, “Second-Stokes dual-wavelength operation at 1321 and 1325  nm ceramic Nd: YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4519–4521 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J. D.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. Z.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gad, G. M. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

Guo, L.

Hu, D.

Ivleva, L. I.

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G. H.

Jiang, M. H.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, K. W. Su, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd: YAG/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3335–3337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kouta, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, G. A.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lan, R.

Lan, W. X.

Lee, A.

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd: YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. T.

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

Liu, Z. J.

H. B. Shen, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, X. H. Chen, F. Bai, Z. J. Liu, L. Gao, Z. H. Cong, Z. G. Wu, W. T. Wang, Y. G. Zhang, W. X. Lan, and C. Wang, “Second-Stokes dual-wavelength operation at 1321 and 1325  nm ceramic Nd: YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4519–4521 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J. R.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mildren, R. P.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murai, T.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, T. E.

T. E. Murphy, “10  GHz 1.3  ps pulse generation using chirped soliton compression in a Raman gain medium,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1424–1426 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd: YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pask, H. M.

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd: YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692–704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3–56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J.

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd: YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692–704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polozkov, N. M.

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ran, D. G.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H. B.

Sobol, A. A.

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. J.

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Sun, S. Q.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. Y.

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K. I.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Unnikrishnan, N. V.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Voronina, I. S.

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q. P.

H. B. Shen, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, X. H. Chen, F. Bai, Z. J. Liu, L. Gao, Z. H. Cong, Z. G. Wu, W. T. Wang, Y. G. Zhang, W. X. Lan, and C. Wang, “Second-Stokes dual-wavelength operation at 1321 and 1325  nm ceramic Nd: YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4519–4521 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. T.

Wang, Y. J.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wu, Z. G.

Xia, H. R.

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

Yagi, H.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, K. W. Su, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd: YAG/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3335–3337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

H. B. Shen, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, X. H. Chen, F. Bai, Z. J. Liu, L. Gao, Z. H. Cong, Z. G. Wu, W. T. Wang, Y. G. Zhang, W. X. Lan, and C. Wang, “Second-Stokes dual-wavelength operation at 1321 and 1325  nm ceramic Nd: YAG/BaWO4 Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4519–4521 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, G. H. Jia, and C. Y. Tu, “Highly efficient diode-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG–SrWO4 intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 705–707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. G.

Zhao, Y.

Zhuang, S.

Zverev, P. G.

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Omatsu, A. Lee, H. M. Pask, and J. Piper, “Passively Q-switched yellow laser formed by a self-Raman composite Nd: YVO4/YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 799–804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, “cw dual-wavelength operation of a diode-end-pumped Nd: YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 475–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

G. A. Kumar, J. R. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 40, 747–758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895–912 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 692–704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. E. Murphy, “10  GHz 1.3  ps pulse generation using chirped soliton compression in a Raman gain medium,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1424–1426 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. D. Fan, H. J. Zhang, Y. J. Wang, M. H. Jiang, R. I. Boughton, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, and H. R. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of SrWO4 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, S. T. Li, Z. H. Cong, Z. J. Liu, S. Z. Fan, and H. J. Zhang, “Diode side-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser with high average output power of over 10  W at 1180  nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 363–366 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194, 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett (1)

Z. H. Cong, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, S. T. Li, X. H. Chen, X. L. Zhang, S. Z. Fan, H. J. Zhang, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched Nd:YAG/SrWO4/KTP yellow laser,” Opt. Lett 34, 2610–2612 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (2)

T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, L. I. Ivleva, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Raman spectroscopy of crystals for stimulated Raman scattering,” Opt. Mater. 11, 307–314 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. I. Ivleva, T. T. Basiev, I. S. Voronina, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and N. M. Polozkov, “SrWO4: Nd3+-new material for multifunctional lasers,” Opt. Mater. 23, 439–442 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 3–56 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, R. P. Mildren, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Wavelength-versatile visible and UV sources based on crystalline Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 32, 121–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental arrangement of the diode-pumped, actively Q-switched intracavity ceramic Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman lasers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectrum for the actively Q-switched ceramic Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser operating at 1252 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Average output power of the 1252 nm laser with respect to the pump power at PRFs of 5, 10, and 20 kHz.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Typical oscilloscope traces for the 1123 nm fundamental and 1252 nm Raman pulses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Optical spectrum for the actively Q-switched ceramic Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser operating at 1238 nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Average output power of the 1238 nm laser with respect to the pump power at PRFs of 5, 10, and 20 kHz.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Typical oscilloscope traces for the 1112 nm fundamental and 1238 nm Raman pulses.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Optical spectrum for the ceramic Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser operating at 1238 and 1252 nm.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Total and individual average output power of the dual-wavelength laser with respect to the pump power at PRFs of 5, 10, and 20 kHz.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Typical oscilloscope traces for the 1123 and 1112 nm fundamental and the 1252 and 1238 nm Raman pulses.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Transmissions of Mirrors OC1–OC3

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pthi=ln(1Ri)+Li2lηi·hυpσiτi1Si(r·z)rp(r·z)dv,i=1,2.
Pth1=Pth2,
S1(r·z)=S2(r·z),r1(r·z)=r2(r·z),L1=L2,τ1=τ2,
ln(1R1)+Lη1·1σ1=ln(1R2)+Lη2·1σ2.
iut=i2αu12β22ut2+γ|u|2u,
u(z,t)=|β2|γT2·sec(tT)·exp(ict22T2)·exp(iφ).
T(z)=T0(1α0z),

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