This work proposes a modularized framework for designing the structure of photonic crystal waveguides (PCWs) and reducing human involvement during the design process. The proposed framework consists of three main modules: parameters module, constraints module, and optimizer module. The first module is responsible for defining the structural parameters of a given PCW. The second module defines various limitations in order to achieve desirable optimum designs. The third module is the optimizer, in which a numerical optimization method is employed to perform optimization. As case studies, two new structures called Ellipse PCW (EPCW) and Hypoellipse PCW (HPCW) with different shape of holes in each row are proposed and optimized by the framework. The calculation results show that the proposed framework is able to successfully optimize the structures of the new EPCW and HPCW. In addition, the results demonstrate the applicability of the proposed framework for optimizing different PCWs. The results of the comparative study show that the optimized EPCW and HPCW provide 18% and 9% significant improvements in normalized delay-bandwidth product (NDBP), respectively, compared to the ring-shape-hole PCW, which has the highest NDBP in the literature. Finally, the simulations of pulse propagation confirm the manufacturing feasibility of both optimized structures.
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