Abstract

Principal meridians of the corneal vertex of the human ocular system are not always orthogonal. To study these irregular surfaces at the vertex, which have principal meridians with an angle different from 90°, we attempt to define so-called parastigmatic surfaces; these surfaces allow us to correct several classes of irregular astigmatism, with nonorthogonal principal meridians, using a simple refractive surface. We will create a canonical surface to describe the surfaces of the human cornea with a short and simple formula, using two additional parameters to the current prescription: the angle between principal meridians and parharmonic variation of curvatures between them.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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