Abstract

Optical switching of high-bit-rate quadrature-phase-shift-keying (QPSK) pulse trains using collinear acousto-optic (AO) devices is theoretically discussed. Since the collinear AO devices have wavelength selectivity, the switched optical pulse trains suffer from distortion when the bandwidth of the pulse train is comparable to the pass bandwidth of the AO device. As the AO device, a sidelobe-suppressed device with a tapered surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) waveguide and a Butterworth-type filter device with a lossy SAW directional coupler are considered. Phase distortion of optical pulse trains at 40 to 100Gsymbols/s in QPSK format is numerically analyzed. Bit-error-rate performance with additive Gaussian noise is also evaluated by the Monte Carlo method.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2012 (1)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Theoretical study of the switching characteristics of 40 and 100  G bps pulse trains by weighted collinear acoustooptic switches,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 07GA06 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Wavelength-selective routing of optical short pulses with weighted collinear acoustooptic devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Scalability and energy consumption of optical and electronic packet switching,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2410–2421 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of a flexible bandwidth optical transmitter/receiver system scalable to terahertz bandwidths,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1013–1022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

S. Kakio, S. Shinkai, and Y. Nakagawa, “Simple simultaneous modulation for red, green, and blue laser lights using surface-acoustic-wave-driven acoustooptic modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HD18 (2010).

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1150–1157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of optical layered binary phase shift keying labels using coherent acoustooptic processor for hierarchical photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HB14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of wavelength-division-multiplexed time-series optical coded labels using collinear acoustooptic devices without time gating for photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4602–4607 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. C. Wu, O. Solgaard, and J. E. Ford, “Optical MEMS for lightwave communication,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4433–4454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Design of tapered SAW waveguide for wavelength-selective optical switches using weighted acoustooptic interaction,” Electron. Eng. Jpn. 154, 36–46 (2006).

2005 (1)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Label recognition with wavelength-selective collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic label routers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 4449–4454 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. Wang and J. M. Kahn, “Impact of Chromatic and polarization-mode dispersions on DPSK systems using interferometric demodulation and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 362–371 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Finite-difference time-domain analysis of wavelength-selective characteristics in weighted acoustooptic switches for wavelength-division-multiplexed photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2958–2964 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

A. Kar-Roy and C. S. Tsai, “Integrated acoustooptic tunable filters using weighted coupling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1574–1586 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, and J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acousto-optic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G.-H. Song, “Proposal for acousto-optic tunable filters with near-ideal bandpass characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7458–7460 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, “Wavelength-division-multiplexing add/drop multiplexer employing a novel polarization independent acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 29, 905–907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. A. Smith and J. J. Johnson, “Sidelobe suppression in an acousto-optic filter with a raised-cosine interaction strength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1025–1027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

K.-W. Cheung, “Acoustooptic tunable filters in narrowband WDM networks: system issues and network applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K.-W. Cheung, “Integrated-optic acoustically-tunable filters for WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1151–1159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical multi-/demultiplexer using acoustooptic effect for multiwavelength optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1160–1168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1978 (1)

T. Kondo, Y. Miyazaki, and Y. Akao, “Optical tunable switched directional couplers consisting of two thin-film waveguides using surface acoustic waves,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1231–1243 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, “TE-TM mode conversion by interaction between elastic surface waves and a laser beam on a metal-diffused optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 75–77 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ade, R. W.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akao, Y.

T. Kondo, Y. Miyazaki, and Y. Akao, “Optical tunable switched directional couplers consisting of two thin-film waveguides using surface acoustic waves,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1231–1243 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bala, K.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baran, J. E.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, and J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acousto-optic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K.-W. Cheung, “Integrated-optic acoustically-tunable filters for WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1151–1159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brackett, C. A.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chakravarthy, R. S.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K.-W.

K.-W. Cheung, “Acoustooptic tunable filters in narrowband WDM networks: system issues and network applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K.-W. Cheung, “Integrated-optic acoustically-tunable filters for WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1151–1159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chu, D. P.

Collings, N.

Crossland, W. A.

d’Alessandro, A.

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, and J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acousto-optic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of a flexible bandwidth optical transmitter/receiver system scalable to terahertz bandwidths,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1013–1022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ford, J. E.

Frangen, J.

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, D. J.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fukutoku, M.

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, “Wavelength-division-multiplexing add/drop multiplexer employing a novel polarization independent acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 29, 905–907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Geisler, D. J.

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of a flexible bandwidth optical transmitter/receiver system scalable to terahertz bandwidths,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1013–1022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goodmann, M. S.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goto, N.

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Theoretical study of the switching characteristics of 40 and 100  G bps pulse trains by weighted collinear acoustooptic switches,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 07GA06 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Wavelength-selective routing of optical short pulses with weighted collinear acoustooptic devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of optical layered binary phase shift keying labels using coherent acoustooptic processor for hierarchical photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HB14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of wavelength-division-multiplexed time-series optical coded labels using collinear acoustooptic devices without time gating for photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4602–4607 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Design of tapered SAW waveguide for wavelength-selective optical switches using weighted acoustooptic interaction,” Electron. Eng. Jpn. 154, 36–46 (2006).

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Label recognition with wavelength-selective collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic label routers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 4449–4454 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Finite-difference time-domain analysis of wavelength-selective characteristics in weighted acoustooptic switches for wavelength-division-multiplexed photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2958–2964 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical multi-/demultiplexer using acoustooptic effect for multiwavelength optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1160–1168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanayama, N. Goto, and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical switches for wavelength-division-multiplex communication using collinear acousto-optic guided devices,” International Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (PS’90), Kobe, April, 1990, paper 13C-23.

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Sidelobe suppression in integrated-optic collinear acousto-optic matrix switches by using a tilted SAW waveguide,” 4th Optoelectronics Conference (OEC’92), Chiba, July, 1992, paper 16B4-4.

Hasegawa, H.

Herrmann, H.

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, K.

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, “TE-TM mode conversion by interaction between elastic surface waves and a laser beam on a metal-diffused optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 75–77 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, R. H.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Iqbal, M. Z.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jeziorska-Chapman, A. M.

Johnson, J. J.

D. A. Smith and J. J. Johnson, “Sidelobe suppression in an acousto-optic filter with a raised-cosine interaction strength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1025–1027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K.-W. Cheung, “Integrated-optic acoustically-tunable filters for WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1151–1159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

Kai, Y.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kakio, S.

S. Kakio, S. Shinkai, and Y. Nakagawa, “Simple simultaneous modulation for red, green, and blue laser lights using surface-acoustic-wave-driven acoustooptic modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HD18 (2010).

Kanayama, Y.

Y. Kanayama, N. Goto, and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical switches for wavelength-division-multiplex communication using collinear acousto-optic guided devices,” International Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (PS’90), Kobe, April, 1990, paper 13C-23.

Kar-Roy, A.

A. Kar-Roy and C. S. Tsai, “Integrated acoustooptic tunable filters using weighted coupling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1574–1586 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kissa, K. M.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

T. Kondo, Y. Miyazaki, and Y. Akao, “Optical tunable switched directional couplers consisting of two thin-film waveguides using surface acoustic waves,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1231–1243 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Liu, J.

Miyata, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, Y.

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Theoretical study of the switching characteristics of 40 and 100  G bps pulse trains by weighted collinear acoustooptic switches,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 07GA06 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Wavelength-selective routing of optical short pulses with weighted collinear acoustooptic devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of optical layered binary phase shift keying labels using coherent acoustooptic processor for hierarchical photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HB14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of wavelength-division-multiplexed time-series optical coded labels using collinear acoustooptic devices without time gating for photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4602–4607 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Design of tapered SAW waveguide for wavelength-selective optical switches using weighted acoustooptic interaction,” Electron. Eng. Jpn. 154, 36–46 (2006).

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Label recognition with wavelength-selective collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic label routers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 4449–4454 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Finite-difference time-domain analysis of wavelength-selective characteristics in weighted acoustooptic switches for wavelength-division-multiplexed photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2958–2964 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical multi-/demultiplexer using acoustooptic effect for multiwavelength optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1160–1168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Kondo, Y. Miyazaki, and Y. Akao, “Optical tunable switched directional couplers consisting of two thin-film waveguides using surface acoustic waves,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1231–1243 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanayama, N. Goto, and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical switches for wavelength-division-multiplex communication using collinear acousto-optic guided devices,” International Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (PS’90), Kobe, April, 1990, paper 13C-23.

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Sidelobe suppression in integrated-optic collinear acousto-optic matrix switches by using a tilted SAW waveguide,” 4th Optoelectronics Conference (OEC’92), Chiba, July, 1992, paper 16B4-4.

Moore, J. R.

Nakagawa, G.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, Y.

S. Kakio, S. Shinkai, and Y. Nakagawa, “Simple simultaneous modulation for red, green, and blue laser lights using surface-acoustic-wave-driven acoustooptic modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HD18 (2010).

Oda, K.

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, “Wavelength-division-multiplexing add/drop multiplexer employing a novel polarization independent acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 29, 905–907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, H.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pivnenko, M.

Redmond, M. M.

Ricken, R.

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, B.

Sato, K.

Scott, R. P.

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of a flexible bandwidth optical transmitter/receiver system scalable to terahertz bandwidths,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1013–1022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Seibert, H.

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shibayama, K.

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, “TE-TM mode conversion by interaction between elastic surface waves and a laser beam on a metal-diffused optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 75–77 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S.-Y.

Shinkai, S.

S. Kakio, S. Shinkai, and Y. Nakagawa, “Simple simultaneous modulation for red, green, and blue laser lights using surface-acoustic-wave-driven acoustooptic modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HD18 (2010).

Smith, D. A.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, and J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acousto-optic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith and J. J. Johnson, “Sidelobe suppression in an acousto-optic filter with a raised-cosine interaction strength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1025–1027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K.-W. Cheung, “Integrated-optic acoustically-tunable filters for WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1151–1159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Solgaard, O.

Sone, K.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, G.-H.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G.-H. Song, “Proposal for acousto-optic tunable filters with near-ideal bandpass characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7458–7460 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G.-H. Song and S.-Y. Shin, “Design of corrugated waveguide filters by the Gel’fand-Levitan-Marchenko inverse-scattering method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1905–1915 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Strake, E.

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1150–1157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takita, Y.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, “Wavelength-division-multiplexing add/drop multiplexer employing a novel polarization independent acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 29, 905–907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

J. L. Jackel, M. S. Goodmann, J. E. Baran, W. J. Tomlinson, G.-K. Chang, M. Z. Iqbal, G.-H. Song, K. Bala, C. A. Brackett, D. A. Smith, R. S. Chakravarthy, R. H. Hobbs, D. J. Fritz, R. W. Ade, and K. M. Kissa, “Acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) for multiwavelength optical cross-connects: crosstalk considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1056–1066 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. S.

A. Kar-Roy and C. S. Tsai, “Integrated acoustooptic tunable filters using weighted coupling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1574–1586 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsunoda, Y.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

Wagener, J. L.

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1150–1157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

White, I. H.

Wonfor, A.

Wu, M. C.

Yamanouchi, K.

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, “TE-TM mode conversion by interaction between elastic surface waves and a laser beam on a metal-diffused optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 75–77 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Yoo, S. J. B.

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of a flexible bandwidth optical transmitter/receiver system scalable to terahertz bandwidths,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1013–1022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, S.

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Yamanouchi, K. Higuchi, and K. Shibayama, “TE-TM mode conversion by interaction between elastic surface waves and a laser beam on a metal-diffused optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 75–77 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith and J. J. Johnson, “Sidelobe suppression in an acousto-optic filter with a raised-cosine interaction strength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1025–1027 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Eng. Jpn. (1)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Design of tapered SAW waveguide for wavelength-selective optical switches using weighted acoustooptic interaction,” Electron. Eng. Jpn. 154, 36–46 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Frangen, H. Herrmann, R. Ricken, H. Seibert, W. Sohler, and E. Strake, “Integrated optical, acoustically tunable wavelength filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1583–1584 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Fukutoku, K. Oda, and H. Toba, “Wavelength-division-multiplexing add/drop multiplexer employing a novel polarization independent acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 29, 905–907 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Kar-Roy and C. S. Tsai, “Integrated acoustooptic tunable filters using weighted coupling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1574–1586 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (3)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical multi-/demultiplexer using acoustooptic effect for multiwavelength optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1160–1168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K.-W. Cheung, “Acoustooptic tunable filters in narrowband WDM networks: system issues and network applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1015–1025 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, J. J. Johnson, and K.-W. Cheung, “Integrated-optic acoustically-tunable filters for WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1151–1159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1150–1157 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

D. J. Geisler, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of a flexible bandwidth optical transmitter/receiver system scalable to terahertz bandwidths,” IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1013–1022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. d’Alessandro, D. A. Smith, and J. E. Baran, “Multichannel operation of an integrated acousto-optic wavelength routing switch for WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 390–393 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (8)

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Finite-difference time-domain analysis of wavelength-selective characteristics in weighted acoustooptic switches for wavelength-division-multiplexed photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2958–2964 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Kondo, Y. Miyazaki, and Y. Akao, “Optical tunable switched directional couplers consisting of two thin-film waveguides using surface acoustic waves,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1231–1243 (1978).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Label recognition with wavelength-selective collinear acoustooptic switches for photonic label routers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 4449–4454 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kakio, S. Shinkai, and Y. Nakagawa, “Simple simultaneous modulation for red, green, and blue laser lights using surface-acoustic-wave-driven acoustooptic modulator,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HD18 (2010).

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of wavelength-division-multiplexed time-series optical coded labels using collinear acoustooptic devices without time gating for photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4602–4607 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Recognition of optical layered binary phase shift keying labels using coherent acoustooptic processor for hierarchical photonic routing,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 07HB14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Wavelength-selective routing of optical short pulses with weighted collinear acoustooptic devices,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Theoretical study of the switching characteristics of 40 and 100  G bps pulse trains by weighted collinear acoustooptic switches,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 07GA06 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Switch. Netw. (1)

H. Onaka, H. Miyata, Y. Kai, S. Yoshida, K. Sone, Y. Takita, Y. Tsunoda, H. Miyata, and G. Nakagawa, “Compact photonic gateway for dynamic path control using acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Switch. Netw. 5, 75–84 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y. Kanayama, N. Goto, and Y. Miyazaki, “Integrated optical switches for wavelength-division-multiplex communication using collinear acousto-optic guided devices,” International Topical Meeting on Photonic Switching (PS’90), Kobe, April, 1990, paper 13C-23.

N. Goto and Y. Miyazaki, “Sidelobe suppression in integrated-optic collinear acousto-optic matrix switches by using a tilted SAW waveguide,” 4th Optoelectronics Conference (OEC’92), Chiba, July, 1992, paper 16B4-4.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Pulse train processing along a weighted collinear AO device (a) with a tapered SAW waveguide and (b) with a lossy SAW directional coupler (Butterworth type).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Distribution of AO coupling coefficient g(z) along the interaction region required for complete switching in a conventional device (α=0, lSW=20mm), tapered SAW waveguide device (α=0.5, lSW=20mm), and Butterworth-type device (lSW=42.72mm).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Filtering response in tapered SAW waveguide switch and Butterworth-type switch: (a) intensity of switched and unswitched outputs and (b) phase of switched output.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Examples of optical power spectrums for 40 and 100Gsymbol/s QPSK pulse trains, where a laser source at 193.1 THz with 1 mW is modulated by QPSK data sequences.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Incident QPSK pulse train at 40Gsymbols/s.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Switched and unswitched outputs with the tapered SAW waveguide AO device at 40Gsymbols/s: (a) intensity and (b) phase.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Switched and unswitched outputs with the tapered SAW waveguide AO device at 100Gsymbols/s: (a) intensity and (b) phase.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Switched and unswitched outputs with the Butterworth-type AO device at 40Gsymbols/s: (a) intensity and (b) phase.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Switched and unswitched outputs with the Butterworth-type AO device at 100Gsymbols/s: (a) intensity and (b) phase.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Optical system to evaluate bit-error-rate performance, where the red and blue lines indicate optical and electric signals, respectively. (a) Model of DQPSK transmission system with an AO switch consisting of (b) a DQPSK modulator and (c) a DQPSK demodulator.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Pulse patterns of 40Gsymbol/s output currents with the tapered SAW waveguide AO device: (a) Ir and (b) Is.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Pulse patterns of 100Gsymbols/s output currents with the tapered SAW waveguide AO device: (a) Ir and (b) Is.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

BER as a function of SNR for 40 and 100Gsymbols/s pulse trains.

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g(z)=g0[1αcos(2πzlSW)],
g(z)=g0sin{κ[zπ2zterf(zzt)]}eβimz,
κ=NπlSWπ2zterf(lSWzt).
{Ik=(ukvk¯)(ukIk1)+(ukvk)(vkQk1)Qk=(ukvk¯)(vkQk1)+(ukvk)(ukIk1),
fmod(tk)=12f0(0)[ej(ϕIk+π/2)+ejϕQk]=2f0(0)cos(ϕIkϕQk2+π4)ej[(ϕIk+ϕQk)/2+π/4],
fmod(tk)=f0(0)ejϕk,
fout1(t)=j22[fmod(tΔt)+fmod(t)ejπ/4],fout2(t)=122[fmod(tΔt)+fmod(t)ejπ/4],fout3(t)=122[fmod(tΔt)fmod(t)ejπ/4],fout4(t)=j22[fmod(tΔt)+fmod(t)ejπ/4],
f0(t)=f0(t),ϕ(t)=ϕ(t).
fout1(tk)=j22f0(0)[ejϕk1+ejϕkejπ/4]fout2(tk)=122f0(0)[ejϕk1+ejϕkejπ/4]fout3(tk)=122f0(0)[ejϕk1ejϕkejπ/4]fout4(tk)=j22f0(0)[ejϕk1+ejϕkejπ/4].
Ir,k=A4f02(0)cos(ϕk1ϕkπ/4),Is,k=A4f02(0)cos(ϕk1ϕk+π/4),
S˜(x,y,z,t)=Asu˜s(x,y,z)exp[j(KzΩt)],
{E1(x,y,z,t)=A1(z)u1(x,y)exp[j(k1zωt)],E1(x,y,z,t)=A1(z)u1(x,y)exp{j[k1z(ω+Ω)t]},
{E2(x,y,z,t)=A2(z)u2(x,y)exp[j(k2zωt)],E2(x,y,z,t)=A2(z)u2(x,y)exp{j[k2z(ωΩ)t]},
{ddzA1(z)=jg21(z)A2(z)exp(jΔKz),ddzA2(z)=jg12(z)A1(z)exp(jΔKz),
{ddzA2(z)=jg12(z)A1(z)exp(jΔKz),ddzA1(z)=jg21(z)A2(z)exp(jΔKz),
ΔK=k1k2K.
g12(z)=ωε0As*u2*(x,y)·ε˜(x,y)·(p˜(x,y):u˜s*(x,y,z))·ε˜(x,y)·u1(x,y)dxdy/4Y2(x,y)dxdy,g21(z)=ωε0Asu1*(x,y)·ε˜(x,y)·(p˜(x,y):u˜s(x,y,z))·ε˜(x,y)·u2(x,y)dxdy/4Y1(x,y)dxdy,
Yi(x,y)=Re[Ei(x,y,z,t)×Hi*(x,y,z,t)]zAi(z)Ai*(z),(i=1,2)

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