Abstract

In this paper, an electro-optical cavity-dumped 1.06 μm laser using YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 composite crystal under 808 nm diode-laser pumping was reported. Theoretical calculations showed that the temperature distribution in YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 crystal was lower than that in GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:GdVO4 crystals under the same conditions. A constant 3.8±0.3ns pulse width was obtained and the repetition rate could reach up to 50 kHz with a maximum average output power of 5.6 W and slope efficiency of 40.7%, corresponding to a peak power of 31.1 kW.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Z. L. Zhang, Q. Liu, and M. L. Gong, “32.5  mJ and 4.6  ns 532  nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at 500  Hz,” Appl. Opt. 52, 2735–2738 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. F. Ma, X. Yu, and X. D. Li, “Performance improvement in a directly 879  nm LD π-polarized-pumped CW and pulsed GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 600–603 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).
  4. L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and R. Knappe, “47  W, 6  ns constant pulse duration, high-repetition-rate cavity-dumped Q-switched TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3303–3305 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Tsunekane, N. Taguchi, and H. Inaba, “Efficient 946-nm laser operation of a composite Nd:YAG rod with undoped ends,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5713–5719 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Liu, J. Yang, and J. L. He, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 219, 317–321 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Sato and T. Taira, “The studies of thermal conductivity in GdVO4, YVO4, and Y3Al5O12 measured by quasi-one-dimensional flash method,” Opt. Express 14, 10528–10536 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, and H. P. Weber, “Thermal effects in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 11, 245–254 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

2011

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

2003

J. Liu, J. Yang, and J. L. He, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 219, 317–321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, and H. P. Weber, “Thermal effects in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 11, 245–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1994

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, T.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Chen, F.

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M. L.

He, J. L.

J. Liu, J. Yang, and J. L. He, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 219, 317–321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hein, J.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Hollemann, G.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Hornung, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

Li, T.

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

Y. F. Ma, X. Yu, and X. D. Li, “Performance improvement in a directly 879  nm LD π-polarized-pumped CW and pulsed GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 600–603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, J. Yang, and J. L. He, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 219, 317–321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Ma, Y. F.

Y. F. Ma, X. Yu, and X. D. Li, “Performance improvement in a directly 879  nm LD π-polarized-pumped CW and pulsed GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 600–603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McDonagh, L.

Meyn, J. P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Neuenschwander, B.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, and H. P. Weber, “Thermal effects in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 11, 245–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paunescu, G.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Sato, Y.

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siebold, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

Taguchi, N.

Taira, T.

Tsunekane, M.

Wallenstein, R.

Weber, H. P.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, and H. P. Weber, “Thermal effects in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 11, 245–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weber, R.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, and H. P. Weber, “Thermal effects in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 11, 245–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yan, R. P.

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Liu, J. Yang, and J. L. He, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 219, 317–321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. J.

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Y. F. Ma, X. Yu, and X. D. Li, “Performance improvement in a directly 879  nm LD π-polarized-pumped CW and pulsed GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Appl. Opt. 51, 600–603 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. Y.

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. L.

Zhao, S. Z.

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhuo, Z.

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 287–290 (2004).

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. Li, S. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, and Z. Zhuo, “Thermal modeling of the continuous-wave end-pumped Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3070–3075 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Ma, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, X. D. Li, F. Chen, and R. P. Yan, “Doubly Q-switched GdVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with AO modulator and Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber under direct 879  nm diode pumping to the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2569–2572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Yang, and J. L. He, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched c-cut Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 219, 317–321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

R. Weber, B. Neuenschwander, and H. P. Weber, “Thermal effects in solid-state laser materials,” Opt. Mater. 11, 245–254 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Temperature distribution in the doped part of three different crystals.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of cavity-dumped YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CW output power as a function of incident pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse profile of the cavity-dumped YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser with pulse width of 3.5 ns.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse train trace of the cavity-dumped YVO4/Nd:GdVO4 laser at 50 kHz.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Average output power as a function of incident pump power at 50 kHz.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Pulse peak power as a function of repetition rate at incident pump power of 19.2 W.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρcT(x,y,z)t+·([kx000ky000kz]·T(x,y,z))=Q(x,y,z),

Metrics