Abstract

In this work, rapidly grown KH2PO4 (KDP) crystals extracted from the prismatic and the pyramidal growth sectors of crystal boules were analyzed using photoluminescence measurements. From the spectra, we deduced a robust criterion to discriminate between both growth sectors in an unknown KDP plate. Moreover, spatially resolved photoluminescence was shown to enable a local probing of different planes in the bulk of the material leading to accurate and nondestructive three-dimensional mapping of the sector boundary, which is often the weakest point in terms of laser-damage resistance in rapidly grown KDP crystals.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. L. Andre, “The French megajoule laser project (LMJ),” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43–49 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Fleurot, C. Cavailler, and J. L. Bourgade, “The laser megajoule (LMJ) project dedicated to inertial confinement fusion: development and construction status,” Fusion Eng. Des. 74, 147–154 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Sasaki and A. Yokotani, “Growth Of large KDP crystals for laser fusion experiments,” J. Cryst. Growth 99, 820–826 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Ye, Z. Li, G. Su, X. Zhuang, and G. Zheng, “Study on the optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275, 399–403 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Hartman, “The morphology of zircon and potassium dihydrogen phosphate in relation to the crystal structure,” Acta Crystallogr. 9, 721–727 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Negres, N. P. Zaitseva, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Expedited laser damage profiling of KDxH2-xPO4 with respect to crystal growth parameters,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3110–3112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Ye, Z. Li, G. Su, X. Zhuang, and G. Zheng, “Study on the optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275, 399–403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, N. P. Zaitseva, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Expedited laser damage profiling of KDxH2-xPO4 with respect to crystal growth parameters,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3110–3112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Fleurot, C. Cavailler, and J. L. Bourgade, “The laser megajoule (LMJ) project dedicated to inertial confinement fusion: development and construction status,” Fusion Eng. Des. 74, 147–154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

M. L. Andre, “The French megajoule laser project (LMJ),” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43–49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. Sasaki and A. Yokotani, “Growth Of large KDP crystals for laser fusion experiments,” J. Cryst. Growth 99, 820–826 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

P. Hartman, “The morphology of zircon and potassium dihydrogen phosphate in relation to the crystal structure,” Acta Crystallogr. 9, 721–727 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Andre, M. L.

M. L. Andre, “The French megajoule laser project (LMJ),” Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43–49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biesiada, T.

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bourgade, J. L.

N. Fleurot, C. Cavailler, and J. L. Bourgade, “The laser megajoule (LMJ) project dedicated to inertial confinement fusion: development and construction status,” Fusion Eng. Des. 74, 147–154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, A.

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Capoulade, J.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carman, L.

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cavailler, C.

N. Fleurot, C. Cavailler, and J. L. Bourgade, “The laser megajoule (LMJ) project dedicated to inertial confinement fusion: development and construction status,” Fusion Eng. Des. 74, 147–154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ciapponi, A.

A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Damiani, D.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Yoreo, J. J.

S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

DeHaven, M.

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

DeMange, P.

Demos, S. G.

R. A. Negres, N. P. Zaitseva, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Expedited laser damage profiling of KDxH2-xPO4 with respect to crystal growth parameters,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3110–3112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fleurot, N.

N. Fleurot, C. Cavailler, and J. L. Bourgade, “The laser megajoule (LMJ) project dedicated to inertial confinement fusion: development and construction status,” Fusion Eng. Des. 74, 147–154 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Floyd, R.

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, K.

K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guillet, F.

A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hartman, P.

P. Hartman, “The morphology of zircon and potassium dihydrogen phosphate in relation to the crystal structure,” Acta Crystallogr. 9, 721–727 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Hawley-Fedder, R.

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheon, I. D.

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, S.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

L. Ye, Z. Li, G. Su, X. Zhuang, and G. Zheng, “Study on the optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275, 399–403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mathis, H.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

K. Fujioka, S. Matsuo, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystal improved by thermal conditioning,” J. Cryst. Growth. 181, 265–271 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Natoli, J. Y.

A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

Palmier, S.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piombini, H.

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pommies, M.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pommiès, M.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J. Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, “Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 267, 154–161 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radousky, H. B.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robey, H.

R. Hawley-Fedder, H. Robey, T. Biesiada, M. DeHaven, R. Floyd, and A. Burnham, “Rapid growth of very large KDP and KD*P crystals in support of the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE 4102, 152–161 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Runkel, M. J.

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

T. Sasaki and A. Yokotani, “Growth Of large KDP crystals for laser fusion experiments,” J. Cryst. Growth 99, 820–826 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smolsky, I.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M. C.

S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Su, G.

L. Ye, Z. Li, G. Su, X. Zhuang, and G. Zheng, “Study on the optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275, 399–403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Surmin, A.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, “Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911W (2005).
[CrossRef]

Torres, R.

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Torres, R. A.

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, F.

A. Ciapponi, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and F. Guillet, “Photoluminescence and photothermal deflection measurements in KDP crystals for high power applications,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 750417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ciapponi, S. Palmier, F. Wagner, J. Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, and B. Bertussi, “Laser induced fluorescence as a tool for the study of laser damage precursors in transparent materials,” Proc. SPIE 6998, 69981E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Woods, B. W.

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

S. G. Demos, M. C. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Observation of photoexcited emission clusters in the bulk of KDP and laser conditioning under 355-nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 3578, 509–515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of optically active defect clusters in KH2PO4 under laser photoexcitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3988–3992 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, R. A. Torres, M. J. Runkel, B. W. Woods, I. D. Hutcheon, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Investigation of impurities and laser-induced damage in the growth sectors of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2966, 11–16 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ye, L.

L. Ye, Z. Li, G. Su, X. Zhuang, and G. Zheng, “Study on the optical properties of rapidly grown KDP crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275, 399–403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yokotani, A.

T. Sasaki and A. Yokotani, “Growth Of large KDP crystals for laser fusion experiments,” J. Cryst. Growth 99, 820–826 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zaitseva, N.

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid growth of KDP-type crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 43, 1–118 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Zaitseva, L. Carman, I. Smolsky, R. Torres, and M. Yan, “The effect of impurities and supersaturation on the rapid growth of KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 204, 512–524 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zaitseva, N. P.

R. A. Negres, N. P. Zaitseva, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Expedited laser damage profiling of KDxH2-xPO4 with respect to crystal growth parameters,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3110–3112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic cross section of a rapidly grown KDP crystal showing the growth sectors.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Sketch of the experimental setup including the photoluminescence measurement system. The pump source is a frequency quadrupled Nd:YAG laser (100 Hz, 8 ns). The inset presents the details of the light collection system and geometry.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

X-ray images of the mixed crystal, highlighting different lines (left) that can be interpreted as growth bands and a possible growth-sector boundary (right). The dashed outlines represent the crystal sides (real dimensions 100mm×100mm).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmittance spectra of both pure crystals cut in the pyramidal and the prismatic sectors (full lines) compared to data reported by Fujioka et al. [6] from which some data points were extracted (dotted lines). Our transmission spectra for the pyramidal and the prismatic sectors are very similar to the transmission spectrum obtained by Fujioka et al. for a conventionally grown (thus pyramidal) KDP. Transmission spectra are thus not sufficient to state on the growth sector of a KDP crystal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Photoluminescence spectra obtained in prismatic KDP (left) and in pyramidal KDP (right) sectors. In both graphs the two curves represent the most intense and the least intense PL spectra obtained, depending on the UV irradiation history and the thermal history of the samples. All curves show, however, a systematic difference around 3.8 eV, i.e., the presence of a large peak for prismatic KDP and the absence of the peak for pyramidal plates.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Photoluminescence spectra obtained in two extreme locations of the “mixed” KDP plate. All coordinates are in millimeters. According to the criterion presented in Section 3.B., the tested sites correspond to two different pure growth sectors, assuring that the plate contains a growth-sector boundary. The evolution of the spectra in each graph is caused by the pumping at 266 nm (2mJ/cm2, 8 ns).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Growth-sector boundary localization (a) based on the shape criterion of the photoluminescence spectra presented in Section 3.B and applied to the spectra recorded at each site depicted by a solid marker. From this 2D representation and from the visible differences observed on the front and back sides of the plate, we propose a possible 3D representation of the sector boundary (b).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Photoluminescence spectra obtained at the position X=91mm for different Y positions, highlighting three groups of spectra: one for pure pyramidal material (Y from 90 to 94 mm), one for pure prismatic material (Y from 72 to 82 mm), and one group where the tested volume is composed at 40% of the prismatic material and at 60% of the pyramidal one (Y ranging from 84 to 88 mm).

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