Abstract

We generate broadband light by focusing two femtosecond pulses into a Raman-active crystal. By reflecting Raman sideband beams together with the two driving beams back to the same crystal (with a slight spatial offset), we generate sidebands covering a broader spectral range, compared to a single pass. In this novel double-path configuration, multiple Raman sideband beams interact with each other since the phase-matching condition is automatically fulfilled. This scheme enables an enhanced cascaded coherent anti-Stokes scattering process and also doubles the interaction length, thus it allows one to use relatively weak energy pump pulses and thereby avoid optical damage.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 608–610 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800  nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Delbarre and M. Tassou, “Atmospheric gas trace detection with ultrashort pulses or white light continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2000), p. CWF104.
  7. S. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 6029, 555–559 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, “Ultrashort pulse generation by molecular modulation,” J. Opt. B 5, R1–R26 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, “Subfemtosecond pulse generation by molecular modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Zhi and A. V. Sokolov, “Broadband coherent light generation in a Raman-active crystal driven by two color femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2251–2253 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. T. Green, D. E. Sikes, and D. D. Yavuz, “Continuous-wave high-power rotational Raman generation in molecular deuterium,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2563–2565 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4032–4034 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Wang, M. Zhi, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “A scheme allowing synthesis and characterization of ultrafast waveforms using coherent Raman sidebands, prepared,” in preparation.
  20. T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and Y. Kida, “Generation and optimization of femtosecond pulses by four-wave mixing process,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 18, 54–65 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, and H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high-power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet ranges,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063838 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Kida, J. Liu, and T. Kobayashi, “Sub-10-fs deep-ultraviolet light source with stable power and spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6403–6410 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012

T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and Y. Kida, “Generation and optimization of femtosecond pulses by four-wave mixing process,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 18, 54–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kida, J. Liu, and T. Kobayashi, “Sub-10-fs deep-ultraviolet light source with stable power and spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6403–6410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4032–4034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 6029, 555–559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, and H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high-power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet ranges,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063838 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Green, D. E. Sikes, and D. D. Yavuz, “Continuous-wave high-power rotational Raman generation in molecular deuterium,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2563–2565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, “Ultrashort pulse generation by molecular modulation,” J. Opt. B 5, R1–R26 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800  nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, “Subfemtosecond pulse generation by molecular modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Abe, M.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baker, S.

S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. S.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crespo, H. M.

R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, and H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high-power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet ranges,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063838 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davis, D. M.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delbarre, H.

H. Delbarre and M. Tassou, “Atmospheric gas trace detection with ultrashort pulses or white light continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2000), p. CWF104.

Diddams, S. A.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 6029, 555–559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dunsby, C.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Elson, D. S.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Galletly, N.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghanta, R. K.

Green, J. T.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, “Ultrashort pulse generation by molecular modulation,” J. Opt. B 5, R1–R26 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, “Subfemtosecond pulse generation by molecular modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Holzwarth, R.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 6029, 555–559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, Z. M.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hua, X.

M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4032–4034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang, M. Zhi, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “A scheme allowing synthesis and characterization of ultrafast waveforms using coherent Raman sidebands, prepared,” in preparation.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kida, Y.

Y. Kida, J. Liu, and T. Kobayashi, “Sub-10-fs deep-ultraviolet light source with stable power and spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6403–6410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and Y. Kida, “Generation and optimization of femtosecond pulses by four-wave mixing process,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 18, 54–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 6029, 555–559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ko, T. H.

Kobayashi, T.

Y. Kida, J. Liu, and T. Kobayashi, “Sub-10-fs deep-ultraviolet light source with stable power and spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6403–6410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and Y. Kida, “Generation and optimization of femtosecond pulses by four-wave mixing process,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 18, 54–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C. J.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lanigan, P. M. P.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. K.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

Liang, W. H.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and Y. Kida, “Generation and optimization of femtosecond pulses by four-wave mixing process,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 18, 54–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kida, J. Liu, and T. Kobayashi, “Sub-10-fs deep-ultraviolet light source with stable power and spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 51, 6403–6410 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCann, F.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McGinty, J.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mendonca, J. T.

R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, and H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high-power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet ranges,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063838 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Munro, I.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neil, M. A. A.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Onfelt, B.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, R. P.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, L. H.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Requejo-Isidro, J.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, S.

S. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sikes, D. E.

Sokolov, A. V.

M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4032–4034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhi and A. V. Sokolov, “Broadband coherent light generation in a Raman-active crystal driven by two color femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2251–2253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, “Ultrashort pulse generation by molecular modulation,” J. Opt. B 5, R1–R26 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, “Subfemtosecond pulse generation by molecular modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang, M. Zhi, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “A scheme allowing synthesis and characterization of ultrafast waveforms using coherent Raman sidebands, prepared,” in preparation.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Takahashi, H.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tassou, M.

H. Delbarre and M. Tassou, “Atmospheric gas trace detection with ultrashort pulses or white light continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2000), p. CWF104.

Tisch, J. W. G.

S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Treanor, B.

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4032–4034 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Wang, M. Zhi, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “A scheme allowing synthesis and characterization of ultrafast waveforms using coherent Raman sidebands, prepared,” in preparation.

Weigand, R.

R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, and H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high-power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet ranges,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063838 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yamamoto, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yavuz, D. D.

J. T. Green, D. E. Sikes, and D. D. Yavuz, “Continuous-wave high-power rotational Raman generation in molecular deuterium,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2563–2565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhi, M.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

S. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 799–802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, T. Yamamoto, H. Masuda, M. Abe, H. Takahashi, and T. Morioka, “Field demonstration of over 1000-channel DWDM transmission with supercontinuum multi-carrier source,” Electron. Lett. 41, 270–271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron.

T. Kobayashi, J. Liu, and Y. Kida, “Generation and optimization of femtosecond pulses by four-wave mixing process,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quant. Electron. 18, 54–65 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B

A. V. Sokolov and S. E. Harris, “Ultrashort pulse generation by molecular modulation,” J. Opt. B 5, R1–R26 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

C. Dunsby, P. M. P. Lanigan, J. McGinty, D. S. Elson, J. Requejo-Isidro, I. Munro, N. Galletly, F. McCann, B. Treanor, B. Onfelt, D. M. Davis, M. A. A. Neil, and P. M. W. French, “An electronically tunable ultrafast laser source applied to fluorescence imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy,” J. Phys. D 37, 3296–3303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Baker, I. A. Walmsley, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Femtosecond to attosecond light pulses from a molecular modulator,” Nat. Photonics 5, 664–671 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. V. Sokolov, D. D. Yavuz, D. R. Walker, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Light modulation at molecular frequencies,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 051801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Weigand, J. T. Mendonca, and H. M. Crespo, “Cascaded nondegenerate four-wave-mixing technique for high-power single-cycle pulse synthesis in the visible and ultraviolet ranges,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 063838 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. E. Harris and A. V. Sokolov, “Subfemtosecond pulse generation by molecular modulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science

T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 6029, 555–559 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and measurement of ultrafast waveforms from five discrete optical harmonics,” Science 331, 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Wang, M. Zhi, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “A scheme allowing synthesis and characterization of ultrafast waveforms using coherent Raman sidebands, prepared,” in preparation.

H. Delbarre and M. Tassou, “Atmospheric gas trace detection with ultrashort pulses or white light continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2000), p. CWF104.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of the experimental setup. Broadband sidebands are first generated by focusing two femtosecond pulses in a solid. The Raman sidebands are reflected back by two spherical mirrors with a focal length of f=10cm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Digital photograph of the Raman generation from PbWO4 in the double-path configuration. (a) The photo when only pump, Stokes, S1 and AS1 are reflected back with one mirror. S1 is not shown in the figure because it is out of the spectral range of the camera. New AS2–AS7 are generated when the other beams overlap and in phase. (b) Photo when AS6–AS12 sidebands are reflected back to the crystal with the second mirror. AS2–AS5 and sidebands higher than the 13th order are not reflected back. The small spots outside the shadow of the mirror are the new beams generated by AS6–AS12. (c) Photo when all the beams including pump, stokes, AS1, S1, and AS6–AS12 are reflected back to the crystal with two mirrors and interact with each other and thereby new beams are generated. The blueshifted sidebands, which have the same peak frequencies as AS13–AS18, are generated due to the nonlinear interaction. An infrared card is used here to help show S1. (d) Energy-level schematics of the cascaded coherent anti-Stokes Raman process. |a> and |b> are the vibrational states, driven by the pump and the Stokes. The peak frequency ωn of sideband ASn is equal to ωp+nωab; here ωp is the peak frequency of the pump and ωab is the vibrational frequency.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of sideband AS6 (a) and AS7 (b) using one spherical mirror reflecting beams (pump, Stokes, AS1 AS2, and AS3) back to PbWO4. When pump, Stokes, and AS1 are reflected back, the intensity of AS6 and AS7 (red) are close to one-fold stronger than that when only pump and Stokes are reflected back (green). When AS1, AS2, AS3, pump, and Stokes are all reflected back, the intensity of AS6 and AS7 (black) are increased by about one-and-a-half fold.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Photo and spectrum of sidebands generated in a 150 μm thick glass. Inset (a) Photo of the pump and Stokes beam and the generated CFWM sidebands in the first path. Inset (b) Photo of the pump, Stokes, and all the generated CFWM sidebands when the beams in figure (a) are reflected back to the glass with one spherical mirror. The spectrum is shown at around 400 nm when pump, Stokes, and other sidebands are reflected back to the glass. Line 1 is the spectrum when pump and Stokes in (a) are reflected back to the glass. Line 2 is the spectrum when pump, Stokes, and AS 1 are reflected back to the glass. Line 3 is the spectrum when all the beams in (a) are reflected back to the glass.

Metrics