Abstract

An all-fiber, single-frequency, single-mode linearly polarized, high peak power pulsed laser at 1540 nm for coherent Doppler wind lidar is demonstrated. A narrow-linewidth seed laser is pulse modulated by an acousto-optic modulator and then amplified by two-stage cascade amplifiers. An 0.8 m long erbium/ytterbium co-doped polarization-maintaining fiber with a core diameter of 10 μm is used as the gain fiber of a power amplifier, and longitudinally varied strains are applied on the gain fiber to realize approximately 3.4 times enhancement of the stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold. Peak power of 361 W pulse width of 200 ns at 10 kHz repetition rate is achieved with transform-limited linewidth and diffraction-limited beam quality. To the best of our knowledge, it is the highest peak power of an eye-safe, single-mode narrow-linewidth pulsed fiber laser based on 10 μm core diameter silica fiber.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. T. Menzies and R. M. Hardesty, “Coherent Doppler lidar for measurements of wind fields,” Proc. IEEE 77, 449–462 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Frehlich, S. M. Hannon, and S. W. Henderson, “Coherent Doppler lidar measurements of winds in the weak signal regime,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3491–3499 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).
  4. J. Liu, W. Chen, and X. Zhu, “Development of all-fiber coherent Doppler lidar to measure atmosphere wind speed,” in Optical Instrumentation for Energy and Environmental Applications (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ET4D.1.
  5. S. Kameyama, T. Ando, K. Asaka, Y. Hirano, and S. Wadaka, “Compact all-fiber pulsed coherent Doppler lidar system for wind sensing,” Appl. Opt. 46, 1953–1962 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).
  8. A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.
  9. V. M. Gordienko, A. V. Koryabin, N. V. Kravtsov, and V. V. Firsov, “Wind Doppler lidar with 1.5  μm fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 390–393 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Shi, N. Moor, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. D. Yao, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High energy pulsed fiber laser transmitters in the C and L band for coherent LIDAR applications,” Proc. SPIE 8286, 828602 (2011).
  11. J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Cr. Phys. 7, 213–223 (2006).
  12. C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 861–867 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. J. Li, X. Chen, J. Wang, S. Gray, A. P. Liu, J. A. Demeritt, A. B. Ruffin, A. M. Crowley, D. T. Walton, and L. A. Zenteno, “Al/Ge co-doped large mode area fiber with high SBS threshold,” Opt. Express 15, 8290–8299 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Zhang, S. Z. Cui, C. Liu, J. Zhou, and Y. Feng, “170  W, single-frequency, single-mode, linearly polarized, Yb-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 21, 5456–5462 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).
  16. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. D. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express 17, 8237–8245 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5  μm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2701–2703 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. D. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100  ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Liu, J. Q. Liu, and W. B. Chen, “Eye-safe, single-frequency pulsed all-fiber laser for Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 090604 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

L. Zhang, S. Z. Cui, C. Liu, J. Zhou, and Y. Feng, “170  W, single-frequency, single-mode, linearly polarized, Yb-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 21, 5456–5462 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 861–867 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

2011 (3)

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, N. Moor, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. D. Yao, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High energy pulsed fiber laser transmitters in the C and L band for coherent LIDAR applications,” Proc. SPIE 8286, 828602 (2011).

Y. Liu, J. Q. Liu, and W. B. Chen, “Eye-safe, single-frequency pulsed all-fiber laser for Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 090604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. D. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100  ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Cr. Phys. 7, 213–223 (2006).

1997 (1)

1989 (1)

R. T. Menzies and R. M. Hardesty, “Coherent Doppler lidar for measurements of wind fields,” Proc. IEEE 77, 449–462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abdelazim, S.

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Ahmed, S.

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Akbulut, M.

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ando, T.

Arend, M. F.

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Asaka, K.

Augere, B.

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Cr. Phys. 7, 213–223 (2006).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Beier, F.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Besson, C.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Bi, D.

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

Bollig, C.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bourdon, P.

Canat, G.

G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5  μm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2701–2703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Cariou, J. P.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Cariou, J.-P.

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Cr. Phys. 7, 213–223 (2006).

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, W.

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

J. Liu, W. Chen, and X. Zhu, “Development of all-fiber coherent Doppler lidar to measure atmosphere wind speed,” in Optical Instrumentation for Energy and Environmental Applications (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ET4D.1.

Chen, W. B.

Chen, X.

Crowley, A. M.

Cui, S. Z.

de Vries, O.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Demeritt, J. A.

Diao, W.

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

Dolfi, A.

Dolfi-Bouteyre, A.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Eberhardt, R.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Firsov, V. V.

V. M. Gordienko, A. V. Koryabin, N. V. Kravtsov, and V. V. Firsov, “Wind Doppler lidar with 1.5  μm fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 390–393 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fleury, D.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Frehlich, R.

Gaudo, T.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Gordienko, V. M.

V. M. Gordienko, A. V. Koryabin, N. V. Kravtsov, and V. V. Firsov, “Wind Doppler lidar with 1.5  μm fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 390–393 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goular, D.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Gray, S.

Gross, B.

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Gupta, S.

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hannon, S. M.

Hardesty, R. M.

R. T. Menzies and R. M. Hardesty, “Coherent Doppler lidar for measurements of wind fields,” Proc. IEEE 77, 449–462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, S. W.

Hirano, Y.

Hofmeister, P.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hou, X.

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

Hwang, J.

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jauregui, C.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 861–867 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jetschke, S.

Jolivet, V.

Kameyama, S.

Kimpel, F.

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

Koryabin, A. V.

V. M. Gordienko, A. V. Koryabin, N. V. Kravtsov, and V. V. Firsov, “Wind Doppler lidar with 1.5  μm fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 390–393 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kravtsov, N. V.

V. M. Gordienko, A. V. Koryabin, N. V. Kravtsov, and V. V. Firsov, “Wind Doppler lidar with 1.5  μm fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 390–393 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lawson-Daku, J.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Leigh, M.

Li, M. J.

Limpert, J.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 861–867 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. P.

Liu, C.

Liu, J.

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

J. Liu, W. Chen, and X. Zhu, “Development of all-fiber coherent Doppler lidar to measure atmosphere wind speed,” in Optical Instrumentation for Energy and Environmental Applications (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ET4D.1.

Liu, J. Q.

Liu, Y.

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

Y. Liu, J. Q. Liu, and W. B. Chen, “Eye-safe, single-frequency pulsed all-fiber laser for Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 090604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

G. Canat, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, J. Kirchhof, V. Jolivet, A. Dolfi, and O. Vasseur, “Multifilament-core fibers for high energy pulse amplification at 1.5  μm with excellent beam quality,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2701–2703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Menzies, R. T.

R. T. Menzies and R. M. Hardesty, “Coherent Doppler lidar for measurements of wind fields,” Proc. IEEE 77, 449–462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Moor, N.

W. Shi, N. Moor, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. D. Yao, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High energy pulsed fiber laser transmitters in the C and L band for coherent LIDAR applications,” Proc. SPIE 8286, 828602 (2011).

Moshary, F.

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Nguyen, D. T.

W. Shi, N. Moor, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. D. Yao, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High energy pulsed fiber laser transmitters in the C and L band for coherent LIDAR applications,” Proc. SPIE 8286, 828602 (2011).

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. D. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100  ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, E. B.

Petilon, O.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Peyghambarian, N.

Planchat, C.

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Reuter, R.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, A. B.

Santoro, D.

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Schmidt, J.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Stephen, M. A.

W. Shi, N. Moor, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. D. Yao, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High energy pulsed fiber laser transmitters in the C and L band for coherent LIDAR applications,” Proc. SPIE 8286, 828602 (2011).

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. D. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100  ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530  nm,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2418–2420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 861–867 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

Valla, M.

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Cr. Phys. 7, 213–223 (2006).

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

Vasseur, O.

Verdun, H.

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Walton, D. T.

Wang, J.

Yao, Z. D.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

Zhou, J.

L. Zhang, S. Z. Cui, C. Liu, J. Zhou, and Y. Feng, “170  W, single-frequency, single-mode, linearly polarized, Yb-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 21, 5456–5462 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

J. Liu, W. Chen, and X. Zhu, “Development of all-fiber coherent Doppler lidar to measure atmosphere wind speed,” in Optical Instrumentation for Energy and Environmental Applications (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ET4D.1.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

X. Zhang, W. Diao, Y. Liu, J. Liu, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “Single-frequency polarized eye-safe all-fiber laser with peak power over kilowatt,” Appl. Phys. B 115, 123–127 (2013).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

X. Zhu, J. Liu, D. Bi, J. Zhou, W. Diao, and W. Chen, “Development of all-solid coherent Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 01280 (2012).

Y. Liu, J. Q. Liu, and W. B. Chen, “Eye-safe, single-frequency pulsed all-fiber laser for Doppler wind lidar,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 090604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cr. Phys. (1)

J.-P. Cariou, B. Augere, and M. Valla, “Laser source requirements for coherent lidars based on fiber technology,” Cr. Phys. 7, 213–223 (2006).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

V. M. Gordienko, A. V. Koryabin, N. V. Kravtsov, and V. V. Firsov, “Wind Doppler lidar with 1.5  μm fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 390–393 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 861–867 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. T. Menzies and R. M. Hardesty, “Coherent Doppler lidar for measurements of wind fields,” Proc. IEEE 77, 449–462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

F. Beier, O. de Vries, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, A. Tünnermann, C. Bollig, P. Hofmeister, J. Schmidt, and R. Reuter, “Robust 1550-nm single-frequency all-fiber ns-pulsed fiber amplifier for wind-turbine predictive control by wind lidar,” Proc. SPIE 8601, 86012S (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, N. Moor, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. D. Yao, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High energy pulsed fiber laser transmitters in the C and L band for coherent LIDAR applications,” Proc. SPIE 8286, 828602 (2011).

M. Akbulut, J. Hwang, F. Kimpel, S. Gupta, and H. Verdun, “Pulsed coherent fiber lidar transceiver for aircraft in-flight turbulence and wake-vortex hazard detection,” Proc. SPIE 8037, 80370R (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, and S. Ahmed, “Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements,” Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010).

Other (2)

A. Dolfi-Bouteyre, B. Augere, C. Besson, G. Canat, D. Fleury, T. Gaudo, D. Goular, L. Lombard, C. Planchat, M. Valla, J. P. Cariou, O. Petilon, and J. Lawson-Daku, “1.5  μm all fiber pulsed lidar for wake vortex monitoring,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics & Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2008), Vol. 1–9, pp. 676–677.

J. Liu, W. Chen, and X. Zhu, “Development of all-fiber coherent Doppler lidar to measure atmosphere wind speed,” in Optical Instrumentation for Energy and Environmental Applications (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ET4D.1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the eye-safe pulsed fiber laser based on MOPA configuration, including the seed laser diode, acoustic-optic modulator (AOM) and multistage amplifiers: FBG, fiber Bragg grating. The splicing figure shown in inset is the splicing point at “dump” where the isolator and filter are made of single-mode polarization-maintaining (SM-PM) fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of longitudinal gradient strain distribution on gain fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output power and backward power [monitoring from tap before (2+1)×1 combiner] under different pump powers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal shape of seed pulse after AOM and final amplified laser output pulse shape.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured heterodyne FFT power spectrum with 2.6 MHz linewidth.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum of FBG and output laser spectrum as well as backscattered spectrum at maximum output power.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Beam profile and beam quality measurement.

Equations (1)

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PthAeff21gB·Leff,Leff=1eαLα,

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