Abstract

We report the generation of shock waves in a disperse medium with absorbing particles of black pigment in the water using continuous laser radiation. As a result of the experimental investigation it was found that the illuminating beam diameter growth at the constant laser power results in the decrease of the signals’ modulation frequencies, improving their stability and increasing their amplitudes. In turn, the decrease of the signal’s modulation frequency is caused by the growth of time, which is needed for heating the medium to the critical temperature of cavitation. Improving the stability and the increase of optical and acoustic signal amplitudes take place, due to the growth of the medium volume and hence the number of pigment particles that participate in cavitation.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).
  2. F. V. Bunkin and V. M. Komissarov, “Optical excitation of sound waves,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 19, 203–211 (1973).
  3. F. V. Bunkin and M. I. Tribel’skii, “Nonresonant interaction of high-power optical radiation with a liquid,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 105–133 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. M. Lyamshev and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optical generation of sound: nonlinear effects (review),” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 27, 357–371 (1981).
  5. L. M. Lyamshev, “Lasers in acoustics,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 30, 252–279 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. V. Bunkin, A. A. Kolomensky, and V. G. Mikhalevich, Lasers in Acoustics (Harwood Academic, 1991).
  7. V. E. Gusev and A. A. Karabutov, Laser Optoacoustics (AIP, 1993).
  8. A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. J. Coleman and J. E. Saunders, “A review of the physical properties and biological effects of the high amplitude acoustic fields used in extracorporeal lithotripsy,” Ultrasonics 31, 75–89 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Delius, “Medical applications and bioeffects of extracorporeal shock waves,” Shock Waves 4, 55–72 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  14. W. Lauterborn and A. Vogel, “Shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles,” in Bubble Dynamics & Shock Waves, C. F. Delale, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 67–103.
  15. O. V. Angelsky, P. V. Polyanskii, and C. V. Felde, “The emerging field of correlation optics,” Opt. Photon. News 23(4), 25–29 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. V. Egerev, L. M. Lyamshev, and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optoacoustic sources in an oceanology experiment,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 36, 807–813 (1990).
  19. L. M. Lyamshev, “Optoacoustic sound sources,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 135, 637–669 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  20. R. H. Cole, Underwater Explosions (Princeton University, 1948).
  21. S. Egerev and L. M. Lyamshev, “Simanovskii Ya. Laser ultrasound source for NDE applications: calibration in a liquid,” in Nondestructive Characterization of Materials VIII, R. Green, ed. (Plenum, 1998), pp. 47–52.

2012 (2)

O. V. Angelsky, P. V. Polyanskii, and C. V. Felde, “The emerging field of correlation optics,” Opt. Photon. News 23(4), 25–29 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

M. Delius, “Medical applications and bioeffects of extracorporeal shock waves,” Shock Waves 4, 55–72 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. J. Coleman and J. E. Saunders, “A review of the physical properties and biological effects of the high amplitude acoustic fields used in extracorporeal lithotripsy,” Ultrasonics 31, 75–89 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

S. V. Egerev, L. M. Lyamshev, and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optoacoustic sources in an oceanology experiment,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 36, 807–813 (1990).

1987 (1)

L. M. Lyamshev, “Lasers in acoustics,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 30, 252–279 (1987).
[Crossref]

1981 (2)

L. M. Lyamshev and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optical generation of sound: nonlinear effects (review),” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 27, 357–371 (1981).

L. M. Lyamshev, “Optoacoustic sound sources,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 135, 637–669 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

F. V. Bunkin and M. I. Tribel’skii, “Nonresonant interaction of high-power optical radiation with a liquid,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 105–133 (1980).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

F. V. Bunkin and V. M. Komissarov, “Optical excitation of sound waves,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 19, 203–211 (1973).

1963 (1)

G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).

Angel’skii, O. V.

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

Angelsky, O. V.

A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
[Crossref]

O. V. Angelsky, P. V. Polyanskii, and C. V. Felde, “The emerging field of correlation optics,” Opt. Photon. News 23(4), 25–29 (2012).
[Crossref]

Archelyuk, A. D.

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

Askar’an, G. A.

G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).

Bekshaev, A. Y.

A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
[Crossref]

Birngruber, R.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bunkin, F. V.

F. V. Bunkin and M. I. Tribel’skii, “Nonresonant interaction of high-power optical radiation with a liquid,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 105–133 (1980).
[Crossref]

F. V. Bunkin and V. M. Komissarov, “Optical excitation of sound waves,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 19, 203–211 (1973).

F. V. Bunkin, A. A. Kolomensky, and V. G. Mikhalevich, Lasers in Acoustics (Harwood Academic, 1991).

Burkovets, D. N.

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

Busch, S.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chanturiya, G. F.

G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).

Cole, R. H.

R. H. Cole, Underwater Explosions (Princeton University, 1948).

Coleman, A. J.

A. J. Coleman and J. E. Saunders, “A review of the physical properties and biological effects of the high amplitude acoustic fields used in extracorporeal lithotripsy,” Ultrasonics 31, 75–89 (1993).
[Crossref]

Delius, M.

M. Delius, “Medical applications and bioeffects of extracorporeal shock waves,” Shock Waves 4, 55–72 (1994).
[Crossref]

Egerev, S.

S. Egerev and L. M. Lyamshev, “Simanovskii Ya. Laser ultrasound source for NDE applications: calibration in a liquid,” in Nondestructive Characterization of Materials VIII, R. Green, ed. (Plenum, 1998), pp. 47–52.

Egerev, S. V.

S. V. Egerev, L. M. Lyamshev, and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optoacoustic sources in an oceanology experiment,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 36, 807–813 (1990).

Ermolenko, S. B.

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

Esenaliev, R. O.

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

Felde, C. V.

O. V. Angelsky, P. V. Polyanskii, and C. V. Felde, “The emerging field of correlation optics,” Opt. Photon. News 23(4), 25–29 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gusev, V. E.

V. E. Gusev and A. A. Karabutov, Laser Optoacoustics (AIP, 1993).

Hanson, S. G.

A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hüttman, G.

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jungnickel, K.

A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
[Crossref]

Karabutov, A. A.

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

V. E. Gusev and A. A. Karabutov, Laser Optoacoustics (AIP, 1993).

Kolomensky, A. A.

F. V. Bunkin, A. A. Kolomensky, and V. G. Mikhalevich, Lasers in Acoustics (Harwood Academic, 1991).

Komissarov, V. M.

F. V. Bunkin and V. M. Komissarov, “Optical excitation of sound waves,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 19, 203–211 (1973).

Lauterborn, W.

W. Lauterborn and A. Vogel, “Shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles,” in Bubble Dynamics & Shock Waves, C. F. Delale, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 67–103.

Letokhov, V. S.

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

Leung, W. P.

A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lyamshev, L. M.

S. V. Egerev, L. M. Lyamshev, and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optoacoustic sources in an oceanology experiment,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 36, 807–813 (1990).

L. M. Lyamshev, “Lasers in acoustics,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 30, 252–279 (1987).
[Crossref]

L. M. Lyamshev and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optical generation of sound: nonlinear effects (review),” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 27, 357–371 (1981).

L. M. Lyamshev, “Optoacoustic sound sources,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 135, 637–669 (1981).
[Crossref]

S. Egerev and L. M. Lyamshev, “Simanovskii Ya. Laser ultrasound source for NDE applications: calibration in a liquid,” in Nondestructive Characterization of Materials VIII, R. Green, ed. (Plenum, 1998), pp. 47–52.

Malinsky, T. V.

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mikhalevich, V. G.

F. V. Bunkin, A. A. Kolomensky, and V. G. Mikhalevich, Lasers in Acoustics (Harwood Academic, 1991).

Naugol’nykh, K. A.

S. V. Egerev, L. M. Lyamshev, and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optoacoustic sources in an oceanology experiment,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 36, 807–813 (1990).

L. M. Lyamshev and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optical generation of sound: nonlinear effects (review),” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 27, 357–371 (1981).

Noack, J.

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
[Crossref]

Oraevsky, A. A.

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

Paltauf, G.

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
[Crossref]

Polyanskii, P. V.

O. V. Angelsky, P. V. Polyanskii, and C. V. Felde, “The emerging field of correlation optics,” Opt. Photon. News 23(4), 25–29 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prokhorov, A. M.

G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).

Saunders, J. E.

A. J. Coleman and J. E. Saunders, “A review of the physical properties and biological effects of the high amplitude acoustic fields used in extracorporeal lithotripsy,” Ultrasonics 31, 75–89 (1993).
[Crossref]

Shipulo, G. P.

G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).

Tam, A. C.

A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
[Crossref]

Tribel’skii, M. I.

F. V. Bunkin and M. I. Tribel’skii, “Nonresonant interaction of high-power optical radiation with a liquid,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 105–133 (1980).
[Crossref]

Ushenko, A. G.

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

Vogel, A.

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. Lauterborn and A. Vogel, “Shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles,” in Bubble Dynamics & Shock Waves, C. F. Delale, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 67–103.

Zapka, W.

A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
[Crossref]

Zenkova, C. Y.

A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ziemlich, W.

A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Vogel, J. Noack, G. Hüttman, and G. Paltauf, “Mechanisms of femtosecond laser nanosurgery of cells and tissues,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 1015–1047 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. C. Tam, W. P. Leung, W. Zapka, and W. Ziemlich, “Laser-cleaning techniques for removal of surface particulates,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3515–3523 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (2)

A. Vogel, S. Busch, K. Jungnickel, and R. Birngruber, “Mechanisms of intraocular photodisruption with picosecond and nanosecond laser pulses,” Lasers Surg. Med. 15, 32–43 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. O. Esenaliev, A. A. Oraevsky, V. S. Letokhov, A. A. Karabutov, and T. V. Malinsky, “Studies of acoustical and shock waves in the pulsed laser ablation of biotissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 13, 470–484 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Photon. News (1)

O. V. Angelsky, P. V. Polyanskii, and C. V. Felde, “The emerging field of correlation optics,” Opt. Photon. News 23(4), 25–29 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Y. Bekshaev, O. V. Angelsky, S. G. Hanson, and C. Y. Zenkova, “Scattering of inhomogeneous circularly polarized optical field and mechanical manifestation of the internal energy flows,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023847 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

O. V. Angel’skii, A. G. Ushenko, A. D. Archelyuk, S. B. Ermolenko, and D. N. Burkovets, “Structure of matrices for the transformation of laser radiation by biofractals,” Quantum Electron. 29, 1074–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shock Waves (1)

M. Delius, “Medical applications and bioeffects of extracorporeal shock waves,” Shock Waves 4, 55–72 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. Acoust. (3)

S. V. Egerev, L. M. Lyamshev, and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optoacoustic sources in an oceanology experiment,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 36, 807–813 (1990).

F. V. Bunkin and V. M. Komissarov, “Optical excitation of sound waves,” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 19, 203–211 (1973).

L. M. Lyamshev and K. A. Naugol’nykh, “Optical generation of sound: nonlinear effects (review),” Sov. Phys. Acoust. 27, 357–371 (1981).

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

G. A. Askar’an, A. M. Prokhorov, G. F. Chanturiya, and G. P. Shipulo, “The effects of a laser beam in a liquid,” Sov. Phys. JETP 17, 1463–1465 (1963).

Sov. Phys. Usp. (3)

L. M. Lyamshev, “Optoacoustic sound sources,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 135, 637–669 (1981).
[Crossref]

L. M. Lyamshev, “Lasers in acoustics,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 30, 252–279 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. V. Bunkin and M. I. Tribel’skii, “Nonresonant interaction of high-power optical radiation with a liquid,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 105–133 (1980).
[Crossref]

Ultrasonics (1)

A. J. Coleman and J. E. Saunders, “A review of the physical properties and biological effects of the high amplitude acoustic fields used in extracorporeal lithotripsy,” Ultrasonics 31, 75–89 (1993).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

F. V. Bunkin, A. A. Kolomensky, and V. G. Mikhalevich, Lasers in Acoustics (Harwood Academic, 1991).

V. E. Gusev and A. A. Karabutov, Laser Optoacoustics (AIP, 1993).

R. H. Cole, Underwater Explosions (Princeton University, 1948).

S. Egerev and L. M. Lyamshev, “Simanovskii Ya. Laser ultrasound source for NDE applications: calibration in a liquid,” in Nondestructive Characterization of Materials VIII, R. Green, ed. (Plenum, 1998), pp. 47–52.

W. Lauterborn and A. Vogel, “Shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles,” in Bubble Dynamics & Shock Waves, C. F. Delale, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 67–103.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical scheme for the investigation of the shock waves generated by continuous laser radiation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time dependencies of the optical, Uop, and acoustical, Uac, signals for different illuminating beam diameters: (a) 10 μm, (b) 22 μm, (c) 32 μm, and (d) 40 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependencies of generation frequency and amplitude of acoustic waves on illuminating beam diameter.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relative variation of absorbing particle concentrations dependence on registration area over the cell height.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Dependencies of generation frequency, f, and amplitude, A, of acoustic waves on illuminating beam location, by the height of cell location.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p1ρu2=ρR02τ2,
R0[3(γ1)4πρτ2E]1/5,
E=ER2b2,
p=p1R02rgexp(tθ),
p(r)=ρ2/52r(3(γ1)4π)3/5τ8/5(Rb)6/5E3/5gmdb2exp(tθ),
p(r)E3/5.
E(t)=q0exp(αz),q0(t)=αcn0I0t,
n(x)=n(0)exp(V(ρmρ)gxkT),

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