Abstract

We report on the analysis of optical, polarimetric, and electrical properties of propolis films and hybrid biomaterial-inorganic heterojunctions based on them. It was shown that the material of the propolis films belongs to wide-bandgap optically active substances with the light-scattering centers, which possess complex optical properties. The values of the specific resistance ρP=1.9·107Ω·cm and dielectric constant εP=19.5 of the propolis film were determined from the spectral distribution of the real and imaginary components of its impedance at room temperature, respectively. The dominating current transport mechanisms through the hybrid bioinorganic heterojunction propolis/p-CdTe were established to be the interface-states-assisted generation–recombination within the depletion region via deep energy levels at forward bias as well as the leakage current through the shunt resistance at reverse bias.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. R. Brown, C. P. Jarrett, D. M. de Leeuw, and M. Matters, “Field-effect transistors made from solution-processed organic semiconductors,” Synth. Met. 88, 37–55 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1324–1338 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Wright and A. Uddin, “Organic–inorganic hybrid solar cells: a comparative review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 107, 87–111 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
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  11. I. Willner, R. Baron, and B. Willner, “Integrated nanoparticle–biomolecule systems for biosensing and bioelectronics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22, 1841–1852 (2007).
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  12. M. Berggren and A. Richter-Dahlfors, “Organic bioelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 19, 3201–3213 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. I. Botushanov, G. I. Grigorov, and G. A. Aleksandrov, “A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis,” Folia Med (Plovdiv). 43, 28–30 (2001).
  18. C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).
  19. A. H. Banskota, Y. Tezuka, and S. Kadota, “Recent progress in pharmacological research of propolis,” Phytother Res. 15, 561–571 (2001).
  20. S. I. Drapak, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Optical and electrical properties of propolis films,” Techn. Phys. 49, 1529–1530 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Arkhelyuk, L. Podkamen, and V. Glibka, “Characteristics investigations of surface and volumetrical scattering of the polarised radiation by a layer of oriented particles,” Proc. SPIE 5227, 219–224 (2003).
  26. O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).
  27. O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).
  28. Yu. A. Ushenko, Yu. Ya. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Complex degree of mutual anisotropy of extracellular matrix of biological tissues,” Opt. Spectrosc. 110, 814–819 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  29. Y.-A. Ushenko, Y.-Y. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Laser diagnostics of anisotropy in birefringent networks of biological tissues in different physiological conditions,” Quantum Electron. 41, 170–175 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  30. V. V. Brus, “On the impedance spectroscopy of structures with a potential barrier,” Semiconductors 46, 1012–1015 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  31. V. V. Brus, “On impedance spectroscopy analysis of nonideal heterojunctions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 035024 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  32. V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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  34. P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  35. V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  36. V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (5)

V. V. Brus, “On the impedance spectroscopy of structures with a potential barrier,” Semiconductors 46, 1012–1015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, “On impedance spectroscopy analysis of nonideal heterojunctions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 035024 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wright and A. Uddin, “Organic–inorganic hybrid solar cells: a comparative review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 107, 87–111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

Yu. A. Ushenko, Yu. Ya. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Complex degree of mutual anisotropy of extracellular matrix of biological tissues,” Opt. Spectrosc. 110, 814–819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y.-A. Ushenko, Y.-Y. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Laser diagnostics of anisotropy in birefringent networks of biological tissues in different physiological conditions,” Quantum Electron. 41, 170–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1324–1338 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Willner, R. Baron, and B. Willner, “Integrated nanoparticle–biomolecule systems for biosensing and bioelectronics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22, 1841–1852 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren and A. Richter-Dahlfors, “Organic bioelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 19, 3201–3213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. I. Drapak, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Optical and electrical properties of propolis films,” Techn. Phys. 49, 1529–1530 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Arkhelyuk, L. Podkamen, and V. Glibka, “Characteristics investigations of surface and volumetrical scattering of the polarised radiation by a layer of oriented particles,” Proc. SPIE 5227, 219–224 (2003).

2002 (2)

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).

2001 (3)

A. H. Banskota, Y. Tezuka, and S. Kadota, “Recent progress in pharmacological research of propolis,” Phytother Res. 15, 561–571 (2001).

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. I. Botushanov, G. I. Grigorov, and G. A. Aleksandrov, “A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis,” Folia Med (Plovdiv). 43, 28–30 (2001).

1999 (1)

C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).

1997 (1)

A. R. Brown, C. P. Jarrett, D. M. de Leeuw, and M. Matters, “Field-effect transistors made from solution-processed organic semiconductors,” Synth. Met. 88, 37–55 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Abashin, S. L.

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Aleksandrov, G. A.

P. I. Botushanov, G. I. Grigorov, and G. A. Aleksandrov, “A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis,” Folia Med (Plovdiv). 43, 28–30 (2001).

Alnot, P.

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Angelsky, O. V.

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).

Arkhelyuk, A.

A. Arkhelyuk, L. Podkamen, and V. Glibka, “Characteristics investigations of surface and volumetrical scattering of the polarised radiation by a layer of oriented particles,” Proc. SPIE 5227, 219–224 (2003).

Axford, D. N.

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bakhtinov, A. P.

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).

Banskota, A. H.

A. H. Banskota, Y. Tezuka, and S. Kadota, “Recent progress in pharmacological research of propolis,” Phytother Res. 15, 561–571 (2001).

Bao, Z.

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, L.

R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baron, R.

I. Willner, R. Baron, and B. Willner, “Integrated nanoparticle–biomolecule systems for biosensing and bioelectronics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22, 1841–1852 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren and A. Richter-Dahlfors, “Organic bioelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 19, 3201–3213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Botushanov, P. I.

P. I. Botushanov, G. I. Grigorov, and G. A. Aleksandrov, “A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis,” Folia Med (Plovdiv). 43, 28–30 (2001).

Brätter, C.

C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).

Brédas, J.-L.

V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A. R.

A. R. Brown, C. P. Jarrett, D. M. de Leeuw, and M. Matters, “Field-effect transistors made from solution-processed organic semiconductors,” Synth. Met. 88, 37–55 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brus, V. V.

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, “On the impedance spectroscopy of structures with a potential barrier,” Semiconductors 46, 1012–1015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, “On impedance spectroscopy analysis of nonideal heterojunctions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 035024 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Burch, J. M.

A. Gerrard and J. M. Burch, Introduction to Matrix Methods in Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 1975).

Burkovets, D. N.

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).

Chang, J.-F.

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cherpak, V.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chervinsky, O. A.

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chua, L.-L.

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chugai, O. M.

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cornil, J.

V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coropceanu, V.

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B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
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B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
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S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
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S. I. Drapak, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Optical and electrical properties of propolis films,” Techn. Phys. 49, 1529–1530 (2004).
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S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
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S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).

S. I. Drapak, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Optical and electrical properties of propolis films,” Techn. Phys. 49, 1529–1530 (2004).
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R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
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F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
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F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
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S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gelperin, A.

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
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A. Gerrard and J. M. Burch, Introduction to Matrix Methods in Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 1975).

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A. Arkhelyuk, L. Podkamen, and V. Glibka, “Characteristics investigations of surface and volumetrical scattering of the polarised radiation by a layer of oriented particles,” Proc. SPIE 5227, 219–224 (2003).

Gonzalez-Hernandez, J.

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
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P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
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V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
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P. I. Botushanov, G. I. Grigorov, and G. A. Aleksandrov, “A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis,” Folia Med (Plovdiv). 43, 28–30 (2001).

Grushka, O. G.

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
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P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
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Günes, S.

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1324–1338 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hajlaoui, R.

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Horley, P. P.

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, G.

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
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Hotra, Z.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ilashchuk, M. I.

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
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V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ivastchyshyn, F.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jannatdoust, E.

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jarrett, C. P.

A. R. Brown, C. P. Jarrett, D. M. de Leeuw, and M. Matters, “Field-effect transistors made from solution-processed organic semiconductors,” Synth. Met. 88, 37–55 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C. Y.

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jozwicki, R.

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

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A. H. Banskota, Y. Tezuka, and S. Kadota, “Recent progress in pharmacological research of propolis,” Phytother Res. 15, 561–571 (2001).

Katz, H. E.

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kheiri, F.

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khomyak, V. V.

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kovalyuk, Z. D.

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).

S. I. Drapak, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Optical and electrical properties of propolis films,” Techn. Phys. 49, 1529–1530 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, D. L.

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kyaw, A. K. K.

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).

Lo, G. Q.

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lovinger, A. J.

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luka, G.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Makhniy, V. P.

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maryanchuk, P. D.

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matters, M.

A. R. Brown, C. P. Jarrett, D. M. de Leeuw, and M. Matters, “Field-effect transistors made from solution-processed organic semiconductors,” Synth. Met. 88, 37–55 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, D. A.

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Neugebauer, H.

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1324–1338 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ng, K. K.

S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley-Interscience, 2007).

Nickel, N. H.

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, Y.

V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Orsi, R. O.

R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ou, E.

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parfenyuk, O. A.

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Patorski, K.

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

Pidkamin, L. J.

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Podkamen, L.

A. Arkhelyuk, L. Podkamen, and V. Glibka, “Characteristics investigations of surface and volumetrical scattering of the polarised radiation by a layer of oriented particles,” Proc. SPIE 5227, 219–224 (2003).

Rall, V. L. M.

R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rappich, J.

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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M. Berggren and A. Richter-Dahlfors, “Organic bioelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 19, 3201–3213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ries, S.

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sabzi, R. E.

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sariciftci, N. S.

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1324–1338 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sedghi, H.

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Servet, B.

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sforcin, J. M.

R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shojaeefar, E.

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Silbey, R.

V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sirringhaus, H.

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stakhira, P.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sze, S. M.

S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley-Interscience, 2007).

Tataryn, V.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tezuka, Y.

A. H. Banskota, Y. Tezuka, and S. Kadota, “Recent progress in pharmacological research of propolis,” Phytother Res. 15, 561–571 (2001).

Tofflinger, A. J.

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tomás-Barberán, F. A.

F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tomás-Lorente, F.

F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tomka, Y.-Y.

Y.-A. Ushenko, Y.-Y. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Laser diagnostics of anisotropy in birefringent networks of biological tissues in different physiological conditions,” Quantum Electron. 41, 170–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tomka, Yu. Ya.

Yu. A. Ushenko, Yu. Ya. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Complex degree of mutual anisotropy of extracellular matrix of biological tissues,” Opt. Spectrosc. 110, 814–819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Torsi, L.

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tovarnitsky, M. V.

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).

Tregel, M.

C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).

Uddin, A.

M. Wright and A. Uddin, “Organic–inorganic hybrid solar cells: a comparative review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 107, 87–111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ulyanytsky, K. S.

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ushenko, A. G.

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

Ushenko, Y.-A.

Y.-A. Ushenko, Y.-Y. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Laser diagnostics of anisotropy in birefringent networks of biological tissues in different physiological conditions,” Quantum Electron. 41, 170–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ushenko, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Ushenko, Yu. Ya. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Complex degree of mutual anisotropy of extracellular matrix of biological tissues,” Opt. Spectrosc. 110, 814–819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

Vit-Oliviera, P.

F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Volk, H. D.

C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).

Volynyuk, D.

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vorobiev, Y.-V.

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, N.

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, B.

I. Willner, R. Baron, and B. Willner, “Integrated nanoparticle–biomolecule systems for biosensing and bioelectronics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22, 1841–1852 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Willner, I.

I. Willner, R. Baron, and B. Willner, “Integrated nanoparticle–biomolecule systems for biosensing and bioelectronics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22, 1841–1852 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wrathmell, C. L.

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wright, M.

M. Wright and A. Uddin, “Organic–inorganic hybrid solar cells: a comparative review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 107, 87–111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yassar, A.

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zaumseil, J.

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zellmeier, M.

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D. W.

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Berggren and A. Richter-Dahlfors, “Organic bioelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 19, 3201–3213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. Crone, A. Dodabalapur, A. Gelperin, L. Torsi, H. E. Katz, A. J. Lovinger, and Z. Bao, “Electronic sensing of vapors with organic transistors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2229–2231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. K. K. Kyaw, X. W. Sun, C. Y. Jiang, G. Q. Lo, D. W. Zhao, and D. L. Kwong, “An inverted organic solar cell employing a sol–gel derived ZnO electron selective layer and thermal evaporated MoO3 hole selective layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, S. V. Gavrylyuk, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Structural and optical characterization of the propolis films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 279–282 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (2)

I. Willner, R. Baron, and B. Willner, “Integrated nanoparticle–biomolecule systems for biosensing and bioelectronics,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 22, 1841–1852 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Kheiri, R. E. Sabzi, E. Jannatdoust, E. Shojaeefar, and H. Sedghi, “A novel amperometric immunosensor based on acetone-extracted propolis for the detection of the HIV-1 p24 antigen,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 4457–4463 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (2)

S. Günes, H. Neugebauer, and N. S. Sariciftci, “Conjugated polymer-based organic solar cells,” Chem. Rev. 107, 1324–1338 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Coropceanu, J. Cornil, D. A. da Silva Filho, Y. Olivier, R. Silbey, and J.-L. Brédas, “Charge transport in organic semiconductors,” Chem. Rev. 107, 926–952 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Folia Med (Plovdiv). (1)

P. I. Botushanov, G. I. Grigorov, and G. A. Aleksandrov, “A clinical study of a silicate toothpaste with extract from propolis,” Folia Med (Plovdiv). 43, 28–30 (2001).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

F. Garnier, A. Yassar, R. Hajlaoui, G. Horowitz, F. Deloffre, B. Servet, S. Ries, and P. Alnot, “Molecular engineering of organic semiconductors: design of self-assembly properties in conjugated thiophene oligomers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8716–8721 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. J. Davis, D. A. Morgan, C. L. Wrathmell, D. N. Axford, J. Zhao, and N. Wang, “Molecular bioelectronics,” J. Mater. Chem. 15, 2160–2174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Optel. Advan. Mater. (1)

S. I. Drapak, A. P. Bakhtinov, I. T. Drapak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, and M. V. Tovarnitsky, “Optical and photoelectrical properties of propolis-layered semiconductor (p-InSe) heterojunction,” J. Optel. Advan. Mater. 7, 801–804 (2005).

J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. (1)

R. O. Orsi, J. M. Sforcin, V. L. M. Rall, S. R. C. Funari, L. Barbosa, and J. R. A. Fernandes, “Susceptibility profile of Salmonella against the antibacterial activity of propolis produced in two regions of Brazil,” J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. 11, 109–116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L.-L. Chua, J. Zaumseil, J.-F. Chang, E. Ou, P. Ho, H. Sirringhaus, and R. H. Friend, “General observation of n-type field-effect behaviour in organic semiconductors,” Nature 434, 194–199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. V. Brus, L. J. Pidkamin, S. L. Abashin, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. M. Chugai, “Optical constants and polarimetric properties of TiO2-MnO2 thin films,” Opt. Mater. 34, 1940–1945 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

Yu. A. Ushenko, Yu. Ya. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Complex degree of mutual anisotropy of extracellular matrix of biological tissues,” Opt. Spectrosc. 110, 814–819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Optica Applicata (2)

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, Yu. A. Ushenko, R. Jozwicki, and K. Patorski, “Automatic polarimetric system for early medical diagnosis by biotissue testing,” Optica Applicata 32, 603–612 (2002).

O. V. Angelsky, A. G. Ushenko, D. N. Burkovets, and Yu. A. Ushenko, “Laser polarization visualization and selection of biotissue images,” Optica Applicata 32, 591–601 (2002).

Org. Electron. (1)

V. V. Brus, M. Zellmeier, X. Zhang, S. M. Greil, A. J. Tofflinger, J. Rappich, and N. H. Nickel, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of P3HT/n-Si hybrid organic–inorganic heterojunction solar cells,” Org. Electron. 14, 3109–3116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Photochemistry (1)

F. A. Tomás-Barberán, C. García-Viguera, P. Vit-Oliviera, F. Ferreres, and F. Tomás-Lorente, “Phytochemical evidence for the botanical origin of tropical propolis from Venezuela,” Photochemistry 34, 191–196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi C (1)

P. M. Gorley, Z. M. Grushka, V. P. Makhniy, O. G. Grushka, O. A. Chervinsky, P. P. Horley, Y.-V. Vorobiev, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, “Current transport mechanisms in n-InSe/p-CdTe heterojunctions,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5, 3622–3625 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phytother Res. (1)

A. H. Banskota, Y. Tezuka, and S. Kadota, “Recent progress in pharmacological research of propolis,” Phytother Res. 15, 561–571 (2001).

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Arkhelyuk, L. Podkamen, and V. Glibka, “Characteristics investigations of surface and volumetrical scattering of the polarised radiation by a layer of oriented particles,” Proc. SPIE 5227, 219–224 (2003).

Quantum Electron. (1)

Y.-A. Ushenko, Y.-Y. Tomka, and A. V. Dubolazov, “Laser diagnostics of anisotropy in birefringent networks of biological tissues in different physiological conditions,” Quantum Electron. 41, 170–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (4)

V. V. Brus, “On impedance spectroscopy analysis of nonideal heterojunctions,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 27, 035024 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and O. A. Parfenyuk, “Surface-barrier heterojunctions TiO2/CdZnTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 28, 015004 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical and photoelectrical properties of photosensitive heterojunctions n-TiO2/p-CdTe,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 125006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Brätter, M. Tregel, C. Liebenthal, and H. D. Volk, “Prophylactic effectiveness of propolis for immunostimulation: a clinical pilot study Forsch Komplementarmed,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 6, 256–260 (1999).

Semiconductors (2)

V. V. Brus, M. I. Ilashchuk, V. V. Khomyak, Z. D. Kovalyuk, P. D. Maryanchuk, and K. S. Ulyanytsky, “Electrical properties of anisotype heterojunctions n-CdZnO/p-CdTe,” Semiconductors 46, 1152–1157 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Brus, “On the impedance spectroscopy of structures with a potential barrier,” Semiconductors 46, 1012–1015 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

M. Wright and A. Uddin, “Organic–inorganic hybrid solar cells: a comparative review,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 107, 87–111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met. (1)

A. R. Brown, C. P. Jarrett, D. M. de Leeuw, and M. Matters, “Field-effect transistors made from solution-processed organic semiconductors,” Synth. Met. 88, 37–55 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Techn. Phys. (1)

S. I. Drapak, I. T. Drapak, and Z. D. Kovalyuk, “Optical and electrical properties of propolis films,” Techn. Phys. 49, 1529–1530 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

P. Stakhira, V. Cherpak, D. Volynyuk, F. Ivastchyshyn, Z. Hotra, V. Tataryn, and G. Luka, “Characteristics of organic light emitting diodes with copper iodide as injection layer,” Thin Solid Films 518, 7016–7018 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Gerrard and J. M. Burch, Introduction to Matrix Methods in Optics (Wiley-Interscience, 1975).

S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley-Interscience, 2007).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral distribution of the transmittance of the propolis thin film deposited onto glass substrate within the IR spectral range. The inset shows the transmittance within the UV/VIS/NIR spectral range.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Angular distribution of the component f44 for the propolis-glass system (reflectance).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Angular distribution of the component f42 for the propolis-glass system (reflectance).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Angular distribution of the component f33 for the propolis-glass system (transmittance).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral distribution of the real component Z of the impedance of the propolis film. The inset shows the considered equivalent circuit.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectral distribution of the imaginary component Z of the impedance of the propolis film. The inset shows the determination of the extreme frequency ωmin.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

I–V characteristic of the propolis/n-CdTe hybrid heterojunction.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

I–V characteristic of the forward biased propolis/p-CdTe heterojunction. The inset shows the same in semilogarithmical coordinates.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Voltage dependence of the differential resistance of the propolis/p-CdTe heterojunctions.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

I–V characteristic of the propolis/p-CdTe heterojunction at reverse bias. The inset shows the contribution of generation current at large reverse bias.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Si(λ,β,α,θ,B)=1R2k=1nfik(λ,β,α,θ,B)Sk(λ)V(β,α),
Z=Rs+RP1+ω2CP2RP2iωRP2CP1+ω2CP2RP2=Z+iZ.
Z=[Rs+RP1+ω2CP2RP2],
Z=[ωRP2CP1+ω2CP2RP2].
ρP=RPSd,
dZdω=ω2CP3RP4CPRP2(1+ω2CP2RP2)2.
ωmin=1CPRP=1τ,
CP=εPε0Sd,
εP=dε0ωminRPS.
I=I0exp(q(VIRs)nkT),
Ig=IrevVrevRsh=qniS2τW=qniS2τ2εε0(Vbi+Vrev)qNAND,

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