Abstract

In this paper we present an optically synchronized Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier optimized for use as a preamplifier in a few-cycle optical parametric chirped pulse amplification pump laser. In the pump amplification process we employ a combination of spectral modulation and chirping in order to control and optimize the temporal shape of the pulses. We report on a comparative study of two methods for generating near-flat-top or custom real-time variable-shaped pump pulses using either controlled chirp and shaping of the spectrum of the pulses seeding a regenerative amplifier or intracavity spectral filtering to broaden the gain bandwidth of the system. We show that in addition to minimizing gain narrowing and B-integral, the efficiency of the cascaded nonlinear processes of the parametric amplifiers can be increased.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (2)

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, A. M. Heidt, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High stability soliton frequency-shifting mechanisms for laser synchronization applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1257–1262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

M. Saeed, D. Kim, and L. F. DiMauro, “Optimization and characterization of a high repetition rate, high intensity Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1752–1757 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

J. Murray, “Pulsed gain and thermal lensing of Nd:LiYF4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 488–491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Adamonis, J.

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, I.

Andersson, E.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Andiel, U.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Antipenkov, R.

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

Baltuska, A.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump—seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13, 6550–6557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt, H.

Barty, C.

Becker, M.

Begishev, I.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bouvier, M.

Brückner, S.

Cerullo, G.

Coe, J. S.

Demmler, S.

DiMauro, L. F.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dymott, M. J.

Eidmann, K.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Erofeev, E.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Foster, P.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump—seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13, 6550–6557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J.

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Golovkin, I.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gottschall, T.

Gulamov, A.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Heidt, A. M.

Holzwarth, R.

Horvath, B.

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

Ibragimov, É. A.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump—seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13, 6550–6557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jonušauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaertner, F. X.

Kamalov, S. R.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Karsch, S.

Khadzhaev, A.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

Klemz, G.

Klingebiel, S.

Kohler, S.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, S.

Kolenda, J.

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Krausz, F.

S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. Trushin, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuška, A. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump—seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13, 6550–6557 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L’huillier, J. A.

Limpert, J.

Lindau, F.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lührmann, M.

Lundh, O.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Major, Z.

S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. Trushin, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mancini, R.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Matousek, P.

McKenna, P.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Michailovas, A.

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moses, J.

Murray, J.

J. Murray, “Pulsed gain and thermal lensing of Nd:LiYF4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 488–491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

New, G. H.

Osvay, K.

Patterson, F. G.

Perry, M. D.

Persson, A.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A. P.

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Raksi, F.

Robinson, A.

D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Ross, I. N.

Rothhardt, J.

Rothhardt, M.

Saeed, M.

Saemann, A.

K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, U. Andiel, I. Golovkin, R. Mancini, E. Andersson, and E. Förster, “Generation of hot plasma at solid density by high-contrast ultra-short laser pulses,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 65, 173–184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, K.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Skrobol, C.

Squier, J.

Tavella, F.

J. Fülöp, Z. Major, B. Horvath, F. Tavella, A. Baltuška, and F. Krausz, “Shaping of picosecond pulses for pumping optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 79–84 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C.

Teisset, C. Y.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Theobald, C.

Tien, A.-C.

Trushin, S.

Tünnermann, A.

Usmanov, T.

I. Begishev, A. Gulamov, E. Erofeev, É. A. Ibragimov, S. R. Kamalov, T. Usmanov, and A. Khadzhaev, “Highly efficient parametric amplification of optical beams. I. Optimization of the profiles of interacting waves in parametric amplification,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1100–1103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Varanavicius, A.

J. Adamonis, R. Antipenkov, J. Kolenda, A. Michailovas, A. P. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, and A. Zaukevičius, “Formation of flat-top picosecond pump pulses for OPCPA systems by cascade second harmonic generation,” Lith. J. Phys. 52, 193–202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Veisz, L.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 173–180 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wahlström, C.-G.

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D. Neely, P. Foster, A. Robinson, F. Lindau, O. Lundh, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlström, and P. McKenna, “Enhanced proton beams from ultrathin targets driven by high contrast laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 021502 (2006).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Regenerative amplifier cavity optics and seed injection line. PC, Pockels cell; TFP, thin-film polarizer; DPLH, diode pumped Nd:YLF laser head; FR, Faraday rotator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Numerical simulation results of the output of a regenerative amplifier for different spectral control methods. Generation of a pseudo-flat-top spectrum (solid blue) by using an intracavity etalon (dotted black) to modulate loss within the cavity or using spectral preshaping of the seed (dashed dotted green shaping and solid orange shaped seed). The seed (solid black) and the unmodulated, gain narrowed spectrum (dashed red).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Regenerative amplifier (black dashed) as a preamplifier in the pump system of a sub-10-fs OPCPA setup and preamplifier output beam profile in the near field. FSRO, femtosource rainbow oscillator; CM, chirped mirrors; PCF, photonic crystal fiber; SR, stretcher; IO, injection optics; RA, regenerative amplifier; E, intracavity etalon; FR, Faraday rotator; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Evolution of pulse amplification with an intracavity etalon in a regenerative amplifier seeded from a wavelength shifting PCF (red), measured using leakage from the end cavity mirror, and the extracted pulse (black). The small pulse in front of the switched out pulse is an artifact of the photodiode.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Output spectrum of the regenerative amplifier with the intracavity etalon at three tuning positions with transmission minimum at 1053.5 nm (dotted red), 1053 nm (solid black), and 1052.75 nm (dashed green), and with no etalon (solid blue) in the cavity. (b) Corresponding measured temporal intensity profiles using a third-order autocorrelator.

Equations (2)

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Iout(ω)=Iin(ω)[(G(ω)L(ω)]N,
T(ω)=11+Fsin2(δ(ω)/2),

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