Abstract

I have proposed a dual-channel dispersionless slow-light waveguide system based on plasmon-induced transparency. By appropriately tuning the stub depth, two transparency windows in the transmission spectrum can be achieved due to the destructive interference between the electromagnetic fields from the three stubs. Two flat bands can be achieved in the transparency windows, which have nearly constant group indices over the bandwidth of 2 THz. The analytical results show that the group velocity dispersion parameters of the two channels equal zero, which indicates that the incident pulse can be slowed down without distortion. The proposed plasmonic waveguide system can realize slow-light effect without pulse distortion, and thus can find important applications on slow-light systems, optical buffers, and all-optical signal processors in highly integrated optical circuits.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Trapping of surface plasmon waves in graded grating waveguide system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 013111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in multi-nanoresonator-coupled waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 053803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Ishikawa, R. F. Oulton, T. Zentgraf, and X. Zhang, “Slow-light dispersion by transparent waveguide plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 155108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, and Y. Gong, “Numerical investigation of an all-optical switch in a graded nonlinear plasmonic grating,” Nanotechnology 23, 444009 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. He, Y. He, and Y. Jin, “Revealing the truth about ‘trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Sci. Reports 2, 583 (2012).

J. Chen, C. Wang, R. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Multiple plasmon-induced transparencies in coupled-resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5133–5135 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20, 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

H. Lu, X. Liu, L. Wang, Y. Gong, and D. Mao, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in nanoplasmonic waveguide with Kerr nonlinear resonator,” Opt. Express 19, 2910–2915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and G. Wang, “Analysis of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexing based on metal-insulator-metal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1616–1621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19, 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, and L. Wang, “Optical bistability in metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguide with nanodisk resonator containing Kerr nonlinear medium,” Appl. Opt. 50, 5287–5290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19, 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and G. Wang, “Multiple responses of TPP-assisted near-perfect absorption in metal/Fibonacci quasiperiodic photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 9759–9769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, L. Wang, and D. Mao, “Multi-channel plasmonic waveguide filters with disk-shaped nanocavities,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2613–2616 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, Y. Gong, and G. Wang, “Induced transparency in nanoscale plasmonic resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3233–3235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan and F. J. Bartoli, “Surface dispersion engineering of planar plasmonic chirped grating for complete visible rainbow trapping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 251103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

R. A. Wahsheh, Z. Lu, and M. A. Abushagur, “Nanoplasmonic couplers and splitters,” Opt. Express 17, 19033–19040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “‘Rainbow trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, G. Fang, H. Zhao, Y. Zhang, and S. Liu, “Surface plasmon reflector based on serial stub structure,” Opt. Express 17, 20134–20139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Trapping of surface-plasmon ploaritons in a graded Bragg structure: Frequency-dependent spatially separated localization of the visible spectrum modes,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 161106 (2009).

2008

2007

Z. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Theoretical investigation of compact couplers between dielectric slab waveguides and two-dimensional metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1211–1221 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sandtke and L. Kuipers, “Slow guided surface plasmons at telecom frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 1, 573–576 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang and G. P. Wang, “Plasmon Bragg reflectors and nanocavities on flat metallic surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 013107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

1999

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abushagur, M. A.

Agrawal, G. P.

Baba, T.

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, E. S.

R. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan and F. J. Bartoli, “Surface dispersion engineering of planar plasmonic chirped grating for complete visible rainbow trapping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 251103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “‘Rainbow trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Trapping of surface-plasmon ploaritons in a graded Bragg structure: Frequency-dependent spatially separated localization of the visible spectrum modes,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 161106 (2009).

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

I. De Leon and P. Berini, “Amplification of long-range surface plasmons by a dipolar gain medium,” Nat. Photonics 4, 382–387 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4, 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

R. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, G. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Trapping of surface-plasmon ploaritons in a graded Bragg structure: Frequency-dependent spatially separated localization of the visible spectrum modes,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 161106 (2009).

De Leon, I.

I. De Leon and P. Berini, “Amplification of long-range surface plasmons by a dipolar gain medium,” Nat. Photonics 4, 382–387 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “‘Rainbow trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L.

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Theoretical investigation of compact couplers between dielectric slab waveguides and two-dimensional metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1211–1221 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fang, G.

Forsberg, E.

Z. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gan, Q.

Q. Gan and F. J. Bartoli, “Surface dispersion engineering of planar plasmonic chirped grating for complete visible rainbow trapping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 251103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “‘Rainbow trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Trapping of surface-plasmon ploaritons in a graded Bragg structure: Frequency-dependent spatially separated localization of the visible spectrum modes,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 161106 (2009).

Gao, Y.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, and Y. Gong, “Numerical investigation of an all-optical switch in a graded nonlinear plasmonic grating,” Nanotechnology 23, 444009 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, L. Wang, Y. Gong, and D. Mao, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in nanoplasmonic waveguide with Kerr nonlinear resonator,” Opt. Express 19, 2910–2915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19, 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and G. Wang, “Multiple responses of TPP-assisted near-perfect absorption in metal/Fibonacci quasiperiodic photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 9759–9769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, L. Wang, and D. Mao, “Multi-channel plasmonic waveguide filters with disk-shaped nanocavities,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2613–2616 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, and L. Wang, “Optical bistability in metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguide with nanodisk resonator containing Kerr nonlinear medium,” Appl. Opt. 50, 5287–5290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, Y. Gong, and G. Wang, “Induced transparency in nanoscale plasmonic resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3233–3235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and G. Wang, “Analysis of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexing based on metal-insulator-metal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1616–1621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and Y. Gong, “Tunable band-pass plasmonic waveguide filters with nanodisk resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 17922–17927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, and L. Wang, “High-channel-count plasmonic filter with the metal–insulator–metal Fibonacci-sequence gratings,” Opt. Lett. 35, 285–287 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4, 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ham, B. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z.

Z. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, H. T.

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

S. He, Y. He, and Y. Jin, “Revealing the truth about ‘trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Sci. Reports 2, 583 (2012).

Z. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, Y.

S. He, Y. He, and Y. Jin, “Revealing the truth about ‘trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Sci. Reports 2, 583 (2012).

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

Huang, X.

Ishikawa, A.

A. Ishikawa, R. F. Oulton, T. Zentgraf, and X. Zhang, “Slow-light dispersion by transparent waveguide plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 155108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

S. He, Y. He, and Y. Jin, “Revealing the truth about ‘trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Sci. Reports 2, 583 (2012).

Kekatpure, R.

R. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kuipers, L.

M. Sandtke and L. Kuipers, “Slow guided surface plasmons at telecom frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 1, 573–576 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lin, X.

Liu, J.

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Gain-assisted trapping of light in tapered plasmonic waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38, 558–560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Trapping of surface plasmon waves in graded grating waveguide system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 013111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in multi-nanoresonator-coupled waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 053803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, and Y. Gong, “Numerical investigation of an all-optical switch in a graded nonlinear plasmonic grating,” Nanotechnology 23, 444009 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20, 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and G. Wang, “Analysis of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexing based on metal-insulator-metal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1616–1621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19, 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, and L. Wang, “Optical bistability in metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguide with nanodisk resonator containing Kerr nonlinear medium,” Appl. Opt. 50, 5287–5290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, L. Wang, Y. Gong, and D. Mao, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in nanoplasmonic waveguide with Kerr nonlinear resonator,” Opt. Express 19, 2910–2915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, L. Wang, and D. Mao, “Multi-channel plasmonic waveguide filters with disk-shaped nanocavities,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2613–2616 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19, 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and G. Wang, “Multiple responses of TPP-assisted near-perfect absorption in metal/Fibonacci quasiperiodic photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 9759–9769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, Y. Gong, and G. Wang, “Induced transparency in nanoscale plasmonic resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3233–3235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, and L. Wang, “High-channel-count plasmonic filter with the metal–insulator–metal Fibonacci-sequence gratings,” Opt. Lett. 35, 285–287 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

Lu, H.

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Gain-assisted trapping of light in tapered plasmonic waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38, 558–560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Trapping of surface plasmon waves in graded grating waveguide system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 013111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in multi-nanoresonator-coupled waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 053803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, and Y. Gong, “Numerical investigation of an all-optical switch in a graded nonlinear plasmonic grating,” Nanotechnology 23, 444009 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20, 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and G. Wang, “Analysis of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexing based on metal-insulator-metal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1616–1621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19, 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, and L. Wang, “Optical bistability in metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguide with nanodisk resonator containing Kerr nonlinear medium,” Appl. Opt. 50, 5287–5290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, L. Wang, Y. Gong, and D. Mao, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in nanoplasmonic waveguide with Kerr nonlinear resonator,” Opt. Express 19, 2910–2915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19, 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, L. Wang, and D. Mao, “Multi-channel plasmonic waveguide filters with disk-shaped nanocavities,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2613–2616 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and G. Wang, “Multiple responses of TPP-assisted near-perfect absorption in metal/Fibonacci quasiperiodic photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 9759–9769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, Y. Gong, and G. Wang, “Induced transparency in nanoscale plasmonic resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3233–3235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and Y. Gong, “Tunable band-pass plasmonic waveguide filters with nanodisk resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 17922–17927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z.

Mao, D.

H. Lu, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in multi-nanoresonator-coupled waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 053803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, Y. Gong, and G. Wang, “Induced transparency in nanoscale plasmonic resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3233–3235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, L. Wang, Y. Gong, and D. Mao, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in nanoplasmonic waveguide with Kerr nonlinear resonator,” Opt. Express 19, 2910–2915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, L. Wang, and D. Mao, “Multi-channel plasmonic waveguide filters with disk-shaped nanocavities,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2613–2616 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19, 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19, 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and G. Wang, “Analysis of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexing based on metal-insulator-metal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1616–1621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and Y. Gong, “Tunable band-pass plasmonic waveguide filters with nanodisk resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 17922–17927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Min, C.

Musser, J. A.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oulton, R. F.

A. Ishikawa, R. F. Oulton, T. Zentgraf, and X. Zhang, “Slow-light dispersion by transparent waveguide plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 155108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pannipitiya, A.

Park, J.

Premaratne, M.

Rukhlenko, I. D.

Sandtke, M.

M. Sandtke and L. Kuipers, “Slow guided surface plasmons at telecom frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 1, 573–576 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

Sudarshanam, V. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

Suh, W.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

Veronis, G.

Vezenov, D.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, K.

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wahsheh, R. A.

Wang, B.

B. Wang and G. P. Wang, “Plasmon Bragg reflectors and nanocavities on flat metallic surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 013107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, G.

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Gain-assisted trapping of light in tapered plasmonic waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38, 558–560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Trapping of surface plasmon waves in graded grating waveguide system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 013111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, and Y. Gong, “Numerical investigation of an all-optical switch in a graded nonlinear plasmonic grating,” Nanotechnology 23, 444009 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20, 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and G. Wang, “Analysis of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexing based on metal-insulator-metal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1616–1621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and G. Wang, “Multiple responses of TPP-assisted near-perfect absorption in metal/Fibonacci quasiperiodic photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 9759–9769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19, 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, and L. Wang, “Optical bistability in metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguide with nanodisk resonator containing Kerr nonlinear medium,” Appl. Opt. 50, 5287–5290 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, Y. Gong, and G. Wang, “Induced transparency in nanoscale plasmonic resonator systems,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3233–3235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Trapping of surface-plasmon ploaritons in a graded Bragg structure: Frequency-dependent spatially separated localization of the visible spectrum modes,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 161106 (2009).

Wang, G. P.

B. Wang and G. P. Wang, “Plasmon Bragg reflectors and nanocavities on flat metallic surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 013107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, Z.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J.

Yang, L.

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

A. Ishikawa, R. F. Oulton, T. Zentgraf, and X. Zhang, “Slow-light dispersion by transparent waveguide plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 155108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, R.

Zhang, X.

A. Ishikawa, R. F. Oulton, T. Zentgraf, and X. Zhang, “Slow-light dispersion by transparent waveguide plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 155108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, H.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. Wang and G. P. Wang, “Plasmon Bragg reflectors and nanocavities on flat metallic surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 013107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Trapping of surface plasmon waves in graded grating waveguide system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 013111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan and F. J. Bartoli, “Surface dispersion engineering of planar plasmonic chirped grating for complete visible rainbow trapping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 251103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nanotechnology

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, and Y. Gong, “Numerical investigation of an all-optical switch in a graded nonlinear plasmonic grating,” Nanotechnology 23, 444009 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

I. De Leon and P. Berini, “Amplification of long-range surface plasmons by a dipolar gain medium,” Nat. Photonics 4, 382–387 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4, 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sandtke and L. Kuipers, “Slow guided surface plasmons at telecom frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 1, 573–576 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, L. Wang, and D. Mao, “Multi-channel plasmonic waveguide filters with disk-shaped nanocavities,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2613–2616 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

H. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, and L. Wang, “Enhancement of transmission efficiency of nanoplasmonic wavelength demultiplexer based on channel drop filters and reflection nanocavities,” Opt. Express 19, 12885–12890 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and G. Wang, “Multiple responses of TPP-assisted near-perfect absorption in metal/Fibonacci quasiperiodic photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 19, 9759–9769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Theoretical investigation of compact couplers between dielectric slab waveguides and two-dimensional metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1211–1221 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Wahsheh, Z. Lu, and M. A. Abushagur, “Nanoplasmonic couplers and splitters,” Opt. Express 17, 19033–19040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. Liu, L. Wang, Y. Gong, and D. Mao, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in nanoplasmonic waveguide with Kerr nonlinear resonator,” Opt. Express 19, 2910–2915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “High order plasmonic Bragg reflection in the metal-insulator-metal waveguide Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 16, 413–425 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pannipitiya, I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, H. T. Hattori, and G. P. Agrawal, “Improved transmission model for metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides with stub structures,” Opt. Express 18, 6191–6204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, and L. Duan, “Tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer based on MIM plasmonic nanodisk resonators at telecommunication regime,” Opt. Express 19, 3513–3518 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and Y. Gong, “Tunable band-pass plasmonic waveguide filters with nanodisk resonators,” Opt. Express 18, 17922–17927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, G. Fang, H. Zhao, Y. Zhang, and S. Liu, “Surface plasmon reflector based on serial stub structure,” Opt. Express 17, 20134–20139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, H. Lu, and X. Liu, “Dispersionless slow light in MIM waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Express 20, 20902–20907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

H. Lu, X. Liu, and D. Mao, “Plasmonic analog of electromagnetically induced transparency in multi-nanoresonator-coupled waveguide systems,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 053803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

A. Ishikawa, R. F. Oulton, T. Zentgraf, and X. Zhang, “Slow-light dispersion by transparent waveguide plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 155108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, G. Wang, Q. Gan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Trapping of surface-plasmon ploaritons in a graded Bragg structure: Frequency-dependent spatially separated localization of the visible spectrum modes,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 161106 (2009).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “‘Rainbow trapping and releasing at telecommunication wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, “Phase-coupled plasmon-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 0236021 (2002).

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, “Stopping light all optically,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 083901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA

Q. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Wagner, D. Vezenov, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Experimental verification of the “rainbow” trapping effect in adiabatic plasmonic gratings,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 5169–5173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Reports

S. He, Y. He, and Y. Jin, “Revealing the truth about ‘trapped rainbow’ storage of light in metamaterials,” Sci. Reports 2, 583 (2012).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the MIM plasmonic waveguide system: w, the width of the waveguide and stubs; q1+q2+p, the period of each unit cell; q, the distance between the stubs in a unit cell; h, the stub depth. The light vertically illuminates the structure from the left side. (b) Equivalent circuits of the proposed plasmonic waveguide system. Zstub1, Zstub2, and Zstub3 represent the effective impedances of the first, second, and third stubs, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmission spectrum from the transmission line theory with q1=350nm, q2=380nm, p=300nm, h1=580nm, h2=530nm, h3=485nm, and w=50nm. (b) Dispersion curves calculated by using transmission line theory. The parameter pe=q1+q2+p. The green and blue lines correspond to channel 1 and channel 2, respectively. (c)–(d) Field distributions of |Hz|2 at the induced-transparency frequencies of 283 and 310 THz, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Group indices of SPP waves for the two channels as a function of frequency. (b) Second-order dispersion parameters of the two channels. The blue and green lines correspond to channel 1 and channel 2, respectively.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

εm(ω)=εωp2ω(ω+iγ).
cosh(K(p+q1+q2))=12(T(1,1)+T(2,2)).
ng=c/vg=cdβ/dω.
n˜g=ω0ω0+Δωng(ω)×dω/Δω.

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