Abstract

A new type of fluoride glasses with high erbium-doping concentration (up to 6 mol. % Er3+) is investigated. The intensive 2.7 μm fluorescence is demonstrated with minimized concentration quenching. The intensity parameters and radiative properties are determined from the absorption spectrum based on the Judd–Ofelt theory. The prepared Er3+-doped ZBYA glass possesses high predicted spontaneous-transition probability (28.92s1) and large calculated emission cross section (9.8×1021cm2). All these results indicate that this Er3+-doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass has potential applications in 2.7 μm laser materials.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  29. M. D. Shinn and W. A. Sibley, “Optical transitions of Er3+ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “2.7 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800 and 980 nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

2010 (3)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 083504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1–24 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tokita, M. Murakami, and S. Shimizu, “Stable 10 Er ZBLAN fiber laser operating at 2.71–2.88 μm,” Opt. Lett. 20, 3942–3944 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

2008 (2)

J. Azkargorta, I. Parraguirre, R. Balda, and J. Fernandez, “On the origin of bichromatic laser emission in Nd3+-doped fluoride glasses, ” Opt. Express 16, 11894–11906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

D. K. Sardar, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+ (4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” Appl. Phys. 93, 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollanu, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791 nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 um Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191, 315–321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

V. Lavin, V. D. Rodriguez, I. R. Martin, and U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped fluorozirconate glasses and glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 72, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

M. Louis, S. Hubert, E. Simoni, and J. Y. Gesland, “Energy transfer between lanthanide and actinide ions in LiYF,” Opt. Mater. 6, 121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Schweizer, D. W. Hewark, B. N. Samson, and D. N. Payne, “Spectroscopic data of the 1.8-, 2.9-, and 4.3 mm transitions in dysprosium-doped gallium lanthanum sulfide glass,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1594–1596 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zou and H. Toratani, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfers in Tm3+ singly- and doubly-doped glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 195, 113–124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. Heo, Y. B. Shin, and J. N. Jang, “Spectroscopic analysis of Tm3+ in PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3 glass,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4284–4289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Rigout, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Chemical and physical compatibilities of fluoride and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 319–323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Lebullenger, S. Benjaballan, C. Le Deit, and M. Poulain, “Systematic substitutions in ZIBLA and ZIBLAN glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 217–221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Simith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, “Laser cross-section and quantum yield of Er3+ at 2.7 μm in a ZrF4-based fluoride glass,” Electron. Lett. 24, 909–910 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

M. D. Shinn and W. A. Sibley, “Optical transitions of Er3+ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

N. Rigout, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Chemical and physical compatibilities of fluoride and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 319–323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. T.

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Androz, G.

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, “Laser cross-section and quantum yield of Er3+ at 2.7 μm in a ZrF4-based fluoride glass,” Electron. Lett. 24, 909–910 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Azkargorta, J.

Balda, R.

Benjaballan, S.

R. Lebullenger, S. Benjaballan, C. Le Deit, and M. Poulain, “Systematic substitutions in ZIBLA and ZIBLAN glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 217–221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bernier, M.

Boulon, G.

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Raman and optical absorption spectroscopic investigation of Yb-Er codoped phosphate glasses containing SiO2,” Opt. Lett. 7, 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. N.

M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Caron, N.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Simith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chen, W.

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Raman and optical absorption spectroscopic investigation of Yb-Er codoped phosphate glasses containing SiO2,” Opt. Lett. 7, 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Raman and optical absorption spectroscopic investigation of Yb-Er codoped phosphate glasses containing SiO2,” Opt. Lett. 7, 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. G.

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chung, W.

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

Dickinson, B. C.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollanu, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791 nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 um Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191, 315–321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

Drexhage, M. G.

M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, D.

Fernandez, J.

Gesland, J. Y.

M. Louis, S. Hubert, E. Simoni, and J. Y. Gesland, “Energy transfer between lanthanide and actinide ions in LiYF,” Opt. Mater. 6, 121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Golding, P. S.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollanu, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791 nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 um Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191, 315–321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Guyot, Y.

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Raman and optical absorption spectroscopic investigation of Yb-Er codoped phosphate glasses containing SiO2,” Opt. Lett. 7, 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Heo, Y. B. Shin, and J. N. Jang, “Spectroscopic analysis of Tm3+ in PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3 glass,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4284–4289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hewark, D. W.

Hu, L.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “2.7 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800 and 980 nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 34, 308 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 083504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Raman and optical absorption spectroscopic investigation of Yb-Er codoped phosphate glasses containing SiO2,” Opt. Lett. 7, 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Broadland 1.5 μm emission of erbium-doped TeO2-WO3-Nb2O3 glass for potential WDM amplifier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 106–108 (2004).

Hubert, S.

M. Louis, S. Hubert, E. Simoni, and J. Y. Gesland, “Energy transfer between lanthanide and actinide ions in LiYF,” Opt. Mater. 6, 121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ivanova, S.

Jackon, S. D.

Jackson, S. D.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollanu, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791 nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 um Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191, 315–321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R.

Jang, J. N.

Jiang, Z.

King, T. A.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollanu, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791 nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 um Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191, 315–321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackon, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Diode pumped erbium cascade fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1133–1135 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Simith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Simith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lavin, V.

V. Lavin, V. D. Rodriguez, I. R. Martin, and U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped fluorozirconate glasses and glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 72, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le Deit, C.

R. Lebullenger, S. Benjaballan, C. Le Deit, and M. Poulain, “Systematic substitutions in ZIBLA and ZIBLAN glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 217–221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lebullenger, R.

R. Lebullenger, S. Benjaballan, C. Le Deit, and M. Poulain, “Systematic substitutions in ZIBLA and ZIBLAN glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 217–221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Louis, M.

M. Louis, S. Hubert, E. Simoni, and J. Y. Gesland, “Energy transfer between lanthanide and actinide ions in LiYF,” Opt. Mater. 6, 121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

N. Rigout, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Chemical and physical compatibilities of fluoride and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 319–323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Martin, I. R.

V. Lavin, V. D. Rodriguez, I. R. Martin, and U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped fluorozirconate glasses and glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 72, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meichenin, D.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, “Laser cross-section and quantum yield of Er3+ at 2.7 μm in a ZrF4-based fluoride glass,” Electron. Lett. 24, 909–910 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miniscalco, W. J.

Murakami, M.

Park, B. J.

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Parraguirre, I.

Payne, D. N.

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Simith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pellé, J. F.

Peng, B.

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 1–24 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, “Laser cross-section and quantum yield of Er3+ at 2.7 μm in a ZrF4-based fluoride glass,” Electron. Lett. 24, 909–910 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pollanu, M.

B. C. Dickinson, P. S. Golding, M. Pollanu, T. A. King, and S. D. Jackson, “Investigation of a 791 nm pulsed-pumped 2.7 um Er-doped ZBLAN fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 191, 315–321 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

Poulain, M.

R. Lebullenger, S. Benjaballan, C. Le Deit, and M. Poulain, “Systematic substitutions in ZIBLA and ZIBLAN glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 217–221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Quimby, R. S.

Rigout, N.

N. Rigout, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Chemical and physical compatibilities of fluoride and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 319–323 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, V. D.

V. Lavin, V. D. Rodriguez, I. R. Martin, and U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped fluorozirconate glasses and glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 72, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Mendoza, U. R.

V. Lavin, V. D. Rodriguez, I. R. Martin, and U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped fluorozirconate glasses and glass ceramics,” J. Lumin. 72, 437 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Sanghera, J. S.

L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sardar, D. K.

D. K. Sardar, “Judd–Ofelt analysis of the Er3+ (4f11) absorption intensities in Er3+-doped garnets,” Appl. Phys. 93, 2602–2607 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, T.

Seo, H. S.

B. J. Park, H. S. Seo, J. T. Ahn, Y. G. Choi, J. Heo, and W. Chung, “Dy3+ doped Ge-Ga-Sb-Se glasses and optical fibers for the mid-IR gain media” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116, 1087–1091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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M. D. Shinn and W. A. Sibley, “Optical transitions of Er3+ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, W. A.

M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Shinn and W. A. Sibley, “Optical transitions of Er3+ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

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S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Simith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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L. B. Shaw, B. Cole, P. A. Thielen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Mid-wave IR and long-wave IR laser potential of rare-earth doped chalcogenide glass fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1127–1137 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “2.7 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800 and 980 nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 083504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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B. Wang, “Infrared excited-state absorption and stimulated-emission cross sections of Er3+-doped crystals,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1658 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Wang, Y.

Wen, L.

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, “Raman and optical absorption spectroscopic investigation of Yb-Er codoped phosphate glasses containing SiO2,” Opt. Lett. 7, 56–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, R.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “2.7 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800 and 980 nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 34, 308 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 083504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Yang, A.

Yang, S.

Yu, Y.

Zhang, J.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “2.7 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800 and 980 nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 34, 308 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 083504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, “Broadland 1.5 μm emission of erbium-doped TeO2-WO3-Nb2O3 glass for potential WDM amplifier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 106–108 (2004).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 083504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

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Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “2.7 μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800 and 980 nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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Opt. Mater. (2)

M. Louis, S. Hubert, E. Simoni, and J. Y. Gesland, “Energy transfer between lanthanide and actinide ions in LiYF,” Opt. Mater. 6, 121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, “Infrared excited-state absorption and stimulated-emission cross sections of Er3+-doped crystals,” Opt. Mater. 31, 1658 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) (1)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfer process in Er3+ doped ZrF4-based fluoride glass for 2.7 μm laser materials,” Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam) 34, 308 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (2)

M. D. Shinn and W. A. Sibley, “Optical transitions of Er3+ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectra of prepared samples. The inset is the IR transmission spectrum of the sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

2.7 μm emission spectra of prepared samples with different doping concentration of the rare-earth ions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated emission and absorption cross-section spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gain coefficients with the various P ranging from 0 to 1 for I11/24-I13/24 transition of the 4 mol. % Er3+-doped ZBYA glass.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Experimental and Calculated Oscillator Strength of Er3+ in Present Glass

Tables Icon

Table 2. J–O Parameters Ωt of Er3+ in Various Glasses

Tables Icon

Table 3. Energy Gap (ΔE), Predicted Spontaneous-Transition Probability (A), Radiative Lifetime (τrad), and Branching Ratio (β) of the Present Glass for Various Selected Levels of Er3+

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

αOH=ln(T/T0)/l,
Sed(I1124I13/24)=U(2)*Ω2+U(4)*Ω4+U(6)*Ω6=0.021Ω2+0.11Ω4+1.04Ω6.
σe=λ4Arad8πcn2×λI(λ)λI(λ)dλ,
σabs(λ)=σem(λ)×(ZuZl)exp[(Ezlhcλ1)KBT],
G(λ)=Pσe(λ)(1P)σa(λ),

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