Abstract

Currently, polarization calibration for full Stokes imaging polarimeters is limited by the apertures of the retarders. In this paper, an improved polarization calibration with large apertures in full field of view for full Stokes imaging polarimeters based on liquid-crystal variable retarders is proposed and investigated theoretically and experimentally. The experimental precision of polarization calibration is 1.7% for linear polarization states and 8.8% for circular ones for an imaging polarimeter with a 100 mm aperture and 10° field of view. The feasibility for full Stokes polarization image is also confirmed in experiment for identifying objects due to degree of polarization and degree of circular polarization images.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

W. A. Woźniak, P. Kurzynowski, and S. Drobczyński, “Adjustment method of an imaging Stokes polarimeter based on liquid crystal variable retarders,” Appl. Opt. 50, 203–212 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50, 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, M. J. Escuti, E. L. Dereniak, and K. Oka, “White-light channeled imaging polarimeter using broadband polarization gratings,” Appl. Opt. 50, 2283–2293 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

G. Yun, K. Crabtree, and R. A. Chipman, “Skew aberration: a form of polarization aberration,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4062–4064 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and H. Wu, “Fourier transform hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 50, 066201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vedel, S. Breugnot, and N. Lechocinski, “Full Stokes polarization imaging camera,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600X (2011).

R. S. Schnerr, J. de la Cruz Rodríguez, and M. van Noort, “Stokes imaging polarimetry using image restoration: a calibration strategy for Fabry–Perot based instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 534, A45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhao, X. Cheng, and S. J. Xiong, “Design of full-polarized and multi-spectral imaging system based on LCVR,” Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 31, 1375–1378 (2011) (in Chinese).

2010

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, A. Bermak, F. Boussaid, and V. G. Chigrinov, “Liquid-crystal micropolarimeter array for full Stokes polarization imaging invisible spectrum,” Opt. Express 18, 17776–17787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M. W. Kudenov, J. L. Pezzaniti, and G. R. Gerhart, “Micro bolometer-infrared imaging Stokes polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 48, 063201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wu, P. E. Powers, A. M. Sarangan, and Q. Zhan, “Optical characterization of wiregrid micropolarizers designed for infrared imaging polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1653–1655 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Luo, K. Oka, E. DeHoog, M. Kudenov, J. Schiewgerling, and E. L. Dereniak, “Compact and miniature snapshot imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4413–4417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, L. Pezzaniti, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Prismatic imaging polarimeter calibration for the infrared spectral region,” Opt. Express 16, 13720–13737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

2004

I. Berezhnyy and A. Dogariu, “Time-resolved Mueller matrix imaging polarimetry,” Opt. Express 12, 4635–4649 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Mujat, E. Baleine, and A. Dogariu, “Interferometric imaging polarimeter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2244–2249 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Jin, T. Hamada, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Measurement of characteristics of magnetic fluid by the Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 43, 181–185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

G. Horváth, A. Barta, J. Gál, B. Suhai, and O. Haiman, “Ground-based full-sky imaging polarimetry of rapidly changing skies and its use for polarimetric cloud detection,” Appl. Opt. 41, 543–559 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tyo, “Design of optimal polarimeters: maximization of signal-to-noise ratio and minimization of systematic error,” Appl. Opt. 41, 619–630 (2002).

A. G. Andreou and Z. K. Kalayjian, “Polarization imaging: principles and integrated polarimeters,” IEEE Sens. J. 2, 566–576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band, imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Yu. Berezhna, I. V. Berezhnyy, and M. Takashi, “Dynamic photometric imaging polarizer-sample analyzer polarimeter: instrument for mapping birefringence and optical rotation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 666–672 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

Ahmad, J. E.

Åkesson, S.

Andreou, A. G.

A. G. Andreou and Z. K. Kalayjian, “Polarization imaging: principles and integrated polarimeters,” IEEE Sens. J. 2, 566–576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Artal, P.

Baba, J. S.

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baleine, E.

Barta, A.

Beck, C.

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bellot Rubio, L. R.

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berezhna, S. Yu.

Berezhnyy, I.

Berezhnyy, I. V.

Bermak, A.

Bernáth, B.

Beyer, H.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Black, W. T.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boger, J. K.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fetrow and J. K. Boger, “Instrument simulation for estimating uncertainties in imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 45, 063603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boulbry, B.

Boussaid, F.

Bowers, D. L.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brady, D.

Bräuning, H.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Breugnot, S.

M. Vedel, S. Breugnot, and N. Lechocinski, “Full Stokes polarization imaging camera,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600X (2011).

Bueno, J. M.

Cameron, B. D.

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Canovas, H.

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chenault, D.

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chenault, D. B.

Cheney, M. C.

Cheng, X.

Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhao, X. Cheng, and S. J. Xiong, “Design of full-polarized and multi-spectral imaging system based on LCVR,” Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 31, 1375–1378 (2011) (in Chinese).

Chigrinov, V. G.

Chipman, R. A.

Chung, J. R.

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cote, G. L.

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Crabtree, K.

Craven-Jones, J.

Dainty, C.

de la Cruz Rodríguez, J.

R. S. Schnerr, J. de la Cruz Rodríguez, and M. van Noort, “Stokes imaging polarimetry using image restoration: a calibration strategy for Fabry–Perot based instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 534, A45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deguzman, P. C.

DeHoog, E.

del Toro Iniesta, J. C.

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

DeLaughter, A. H.

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dereniak, E. L.

Dogariu, A.

Dousse, J.-Cl.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drobczynski, S.

Duggin, M. J.

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band, imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Elsner, A. E.

Escuti, M. J.

Farkas, A.

Fetrow, M. P.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fetrow and J. K. Boger, “Instrument simulation for estimating uncertainties in imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 45, 063603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gál, J.

Gates, E. L.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gerhart, G. R.

M. W. Kudenov, J. L. Pezzaniti, and G. R. Gerhart, “Micro bolometer-infrared imaging Stokes polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 48, 063201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, L. Pezzaniti, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Prismatic imaging polarimeter calibration for the infrared spectral region,” Opt. Express 16, 13720–13737 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Germer, T. A.

Goldstein, D. L.

Graham, J. R.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

Gupta, N.

Hagen, N.

Haiman, O.

Hamada, T.

L. Jin, T. Hamada, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Measurement of characteristics of magnetic fluid by the Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 43, 181–185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanaoka, Y.

Y. Hanaoka, “Imaging polarimetry of Hα kernels of solar flares with a ferroelectric liquid crystal polarimeter,” Adv. Space Res. 35, 1851–1854 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heeck, K.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hegedüs, R.

Hess, S.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Horváth, G.

Hubbs, J. E.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeffers, S. V.

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

L. Jin, T. Hamada, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Measurement of characteristics of magnetic fluid by the Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 43, 181–185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jones, M. W.

Kalas, P.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kalayjian, Z. K.

A. G. Andreou and Z. K. Kalayjian, “Polarization imaging: principles and integrated polarimeters,” IEEE Sens. J. 2, 566–576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kasprzak, H.

Keller, C. U.

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kentischer, T. J.

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

Krings, T.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kudenov, M.

Kudenov, M. W.

Kurzynowski, P.

Lara, D.

Lechocinski, N.

M. Vedel, S. Breugnot, and N. Lechocinski, “Full Stokes polarization imaging camera,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600X (2011).

Limburg, R.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd, J. P.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loe, R. S.

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band, imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

Max, C. E.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meier, J. T.

Meyer-Rochow, V. B.

Min, M.

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miura, M.

Mujat, M.

Nordin, G. P.

Oka, K.

Ortega, S. E.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Otani, Y.

L. Jin, T. Hamada, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Measurement of characteristics of magnetic fluid by the Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 43, 181–185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pannetier, M.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D. M.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, M. D.

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pezzaniti, J. L.

M. W. Kudenov, J. L. Pezzaniti, and G. R. Gerhart, “Micro bolometer-infrared imaging Stokes polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 48, 063201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pezzaniti, J. P.

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pezzaniti, L.

Powers, P. E.

Protic, D.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pust, N. J.

Ramella-Roman, J. C.

Ratliff, B. M.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, J.

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roche, M.

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodenhuis, M.

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roorda, V. L. G.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarangan, A. M.

Schiewgerling, J.

Schnerr, R. S.

R. S. Schnerr, J. de la Cruz Rodríguez, and M. van Noort, “Stokes imaging polarimetry using image restoration: a calibration strategy for Fabry–Perot based instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 534, A45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. A.

Spillmann, U.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stapelbroek, M. G.

Stöhlker, Th.

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suhai, B.

Suhre, D. R.

Takakura, Y.

Takashi, M.

Tritschler, A.

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tyo, J. S.

Umeda, N.

L. Jin, T. Hamada, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Measurement of characteristics of magnetic fluid by the Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 43, 181–185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Noort, M.

R. S. Schnerr, J. de la Cruz Rodríguez, and M. van Noort, “Stokes imaging polarimetry using image restoration: a calibration strategy for Fabry–Perot based instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 534, A45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

van Zetten, K.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vedel, M.

M. Vedel, S. Breugnot, and N. Lechocinski, “Full Stokes polarization imaging camera,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600X (2011).

Voorwinden, A. R.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A.

Wei, H.

Wellems, L. D.

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Welling, M.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wijngaarden, R. J.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wozniak, W. A.

Wu, H.

C. Zhang and H. Wu, “Fourier transform hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 50, 066201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

Xiong, S. J.

Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhao, X. Cheng, and S. J. Xiong, “Design of full-polarized and multi-spectral imaging system based on LCVR,” Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 31, 1375–1378 (2011) (in Chinese).

Yun, G.

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang and H. Wu, “Fourier transform hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 50, 066201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhao, X. Cheng, and S. J. Xiong, “Design of full-polarized and multi-spectral imaging system based on LCVR,” Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 31, 1375–1378 (2011) (in Chinese).

Zhao, H. J.

Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhao, X. Cheng, and S. J. Xiong, “Design of full-polarized and multi-spectral imaging system based on LCVR,” Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 31, 1375–1378 (2011) (in Chinese).

Zhao, X.

Adv. Space Res.

Y. Hanaoka, “Imaging polarimetry of Hα kernels of solar flares with a ferroelectric liquid crystal polarimeter,” Adv. Space Res. 35, 1851–1854 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Guo and D. Brady, “Fabrication of thin-film micropolarizer arrays for visible imaging polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1486–1492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Horváth, A. Barta, J. Gál, B. Suhai, and O. Haiman, “Ground-based full-sky imaging polarimetry of rapidly changing skies and its use for polarimetric cloud detection,” Appl. Opt. 41, 543–559 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tyo, “Design of optimal polarimeters: maximization of signal-to-noise ratio and minimization of systematic error,” Appl. Opt. 41, 619–630 (2002).

A. Barta, G. Horváth, B. Bernáth, and V. B. Meyer-Rochow, “Imaging polarimetry of the rainbow,” Appl. Opt. 42, 399–405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, “Performance uniformity analysis of a wire-grid polarizer in imaging polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5398–5402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Boulbry, J. C. Ramella-Roman, and T. A. Germer, “Improved method for calibrating a Stokes polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Dual-field imaging polarimeter using liquid crystal variable retarders,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5470–5478 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Drobczynski, J. M. Bueno, P. Artal, and H. Kasprzak, “Transmission imaging polarimetry for a linear birefringent medium using a carrier fringe method,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5489–5496 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tyo and H. Wei, “Optimizing imaging polarimeters constructed with imperfect optics,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5497–5503 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Gupta and D. R. Suhre, “Acousto-optic tunable filter imaging spectrometer with full Stokes polarimetric capability,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2632–2637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Hegedüs, A. Barta, B. Bernáth, V. B. Meyer-Rochow, and G. Horváth, “Imaging polarimetry of forest canopies: how the azimuth direction of the sun, occluded by vegetation, can be assessed from the polarization pattern of the sunlit foliage,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6019–6032 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Luo, K. Oka, E. DeHoog, M. Kudenov, J. Schiewgerling, and E. L. Dereniak, “Compact and miniature snapshot imaging polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 47, 4413–4417 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Woźniak, P. Kurzynowski, and S. Drobczyński, “Adjustment method of an imaging Stokes polarimeter based on liquid crystal variable retarders,” Appl. Opt. 50, 203–212 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50, 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, M. J. Escuti, E. L. Dereniak, and K. Oka, “White-light channeled imaging polarimeter using broadband polarization gratings,” Appl. Opt. 50, 2283–2293 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Horváth, R. Hegedüs, A. Barta, A. Farkas, and S. Åkesson, “Imaging polarimetry of the fogbow: polarization characteristics of white rainbows measured in the high Arctic,” Appl. Opt. 50, F64–F71 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys.

C. Beck, L. R. Bellot Rubio, T. J. Kentischer, A. Tritschler, and J. C. del Toro Iniesta, “Two-dimensional solar spectropolarimetry with the KIS/IAA Visible Imaging Polarimeter,” Astron. Astrophys. 520, A115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Canovas, M. Rodenhuis, S. V. Jeffers, M. Min, and C. U. Keller, “Data-reduction techniques for high-contrast imaging polarimetry applications to ExPo,” Astron. Astrophys. 531, A102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Schnerr, J. de la Cruz Rodríguez, and M. van Noort, “Stokes imaging polarimetry using image restoration: a calibration strategy for Fabry–Perot based instruments,” Astron. Astrophys. 534, A45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J.

A. G. Andreou and Z. K. Kalayjian, “Polarization imaging: principles and integrated polarimeters,” IEEE Sens. J. 2, 566–576 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt.

J. S. Baba, J. R. Chung, A. H. DeLaughter, B. D. Cameron, and G. L. Cote, “Development and calibration of an automated Mueller matrix polarization imaging system,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 341–349 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Eng.

M. P. Fetrow and J. K. Boger, “Instrument simulation for estimating uncertainties in imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 45, 063603 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Bowers, J. K. Boger, L. D. Wellems, S. E. Ortega, M. P. Fetrow, J. E. Hubbs, W. T. Black, B. M. Ratliff, and J. S. Tyo, “Unpolarized calibration and nonuniformity correction for long-wave infrared microgrid imaging polarimeters,” Opt. Eng. 47, 046403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Duggin and R. S. Loe, “Calibration and exploitation of a narrow-band, imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41, 1039–1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang and H. Wu, “Fourier transform hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 50, 066201 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Kudenov, J. L. Pezzaniti, and G. R. Gerhart, “Micro bolometer-infrared imaging Stokes polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 48, 063201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Jin, T. Hamada, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Measurement of characteristics of magnetic fluid by the Mueller matrix imaging polarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 43, 181–185 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

M. Vedel, S. Breugnot, and N. Lechocinski, “Full Stokes polarization imaging camera,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600X (2011).

J. L. Pezzaniti, D. Chenault, M. Roche, J. Reinhardt, and J. P. Pezzaniti, “Four camera complete Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720J (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

R. J. Wijngaarden, K. Heeck, M. Welling, R. Limburg, M. Pannetier, K. van Zetten, V. L. G. Roorda, and A. R. Voorwinden, “Fast imaging polarimeter for magneto-optical investigations,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2661–2664 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Spillmann, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, H. Beyer, Th. Stöhlker, J.-Cl. Dousse, D. Protic, and T. Krings, “Performance of a Ge-microstrip imaging detector and polarimeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 083101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, P. Kalas, J. P. Lloyd, C. E. Max, D. Gavel, D. M. Pennington, and E. L. Gates, “Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars,” Science 303, 1345–1348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.

Y. Zhang, H. J. Zhao, X. Cheng, and S. J. Xiong, “Design of full-polarized and multi-spectral imaging system based on LCVR,” Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 31, 1375–1378 (2011) (in Chinese).

Other

Meadowlark Optics, Inc., “Meadowlark Optics catalog,” pp. 48–50 (2012), http://www.meadowlark.com/store/catalog/Catalog_Oct_18_2012.pdf .

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the imaging polarimeter with LCVRs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental results of LCVR retardance and applied voltage for different wavelength.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmittance of linear polarizer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Our proposed imaging polarimeter.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic of the proposed polarization calibration.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Retardance of achromatic retarder (AQM-100-545).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

STDV of DOP in five different wavelength bands.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimental images of spectral intensity and DOP in different wavelength.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimental images for identifying artificial grass in the 476 nm band.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Experimental results for processed artificial grass image from Fig. 9: (a) original DOP image (b) processed DOP image, (c) original spectral intensity image, and (d) processed spectral intensity image.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Experimental Results for STDV of the Polarization Calibration (λ=670nm)

Equations (20)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Sin=(S0S1S2S3)=(IH+IVIHIVI45°I135°IRIL),
DOLP=S12+S22S0,
DOCP=|S3|S0,
DOP=S12+S22+S32S0,
Sout=(S0S1S2S3)T=MMUE×Sin,
MMUE=(m00m01m02m03m10m11m12m13m20m21m22m23m30m31m32m33).
MMUE=i=N,11Mi,
MMUE=Mlens2×Mfilter×MLP×MLCVR2×MLCVR1×Mlens1,
S0=I=(m00m01m02m03)×Sin.
MINS=(a00a01a02a03a10a11a12a13a20a21a22a23a30a31a32a33),
IOUT=(I0I1I2I3)=MINS×(S0S1S2S3)=(a00a01a02a03a10a11a12a13a20a21a22a23a30a31a32a33)×(S0S1S2S3),
Sin=MINS1×Iout.
{D=2ftanθ2D>D,
{ω=arctand2fω>ω,
A=(11001100101010101cos(π2·λ0λ)0sin(π2·λ0λ)1cos(π2·λ0λ)0sin(π2·λ0λ))30×4,
L=I=(I0,1I1,1I2,1I3,1I0,2I1,2I2,2I3,2I0,3I1,3I2,3I3,3I0,30I1,30I2,30I3,30)30×4.
P=diag{1σ12,,1σ22,,1σ32,,1σ42,,1σ52,,1σ62,}30×30,
IiT=(I0,iI1,iI2,iI3,i)T=MINS×AiT,
IT=MINS×AT
MINS=((ATPA)1ATPI)T.

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