Abstract

For a coating machine with a planetary rotation system and counterrotating shadowing mask configuration, a shadowing mask was designed using a numerical optimization algorithm to control the thickness uniformity of optical coatings formed on conical substrate. Single-layer magnesium fluoride (MgF2) and antireflective (AR) coating at 193 nm were fabricated on a convex conical substrate holder (with diameter 225 mm, apex angle 140 deg, and height 41 mm) by thermal evaporation. Thickness distribution determined from the transmittance spectra of single-layer MgF2 thin films on BK7 slices showed that uniformities better than 99.3% were experimentally achieved with the designed counterrotating shadowing mask. From the reflectance spectra, uniform optical performance was also obtained for the 193 nm AR coating deposited on fused-silica substrates.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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