Abstract

A highly stable tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser (TDWFL) using graphene as a means to generate a highly stable output is proposed and generated. The TDWFL comprises a 1 m long, highly doped erbium-doped fiber (EDF) acting as the linear gain medium, with a 24-channel arrayed waveguide grating acting as a wavelength slicer as well as a tuning mechanism to generate different wavelength pairs. The tuned wavelength pairs can range from 0.8 to 18.2 nm. A few layers of graphene are incorporated into the laser cavity to induce the four-wave-mixing effect, which stabilizes the dual-wavelength output by suppressing the mode competition that arises as a result of homogenous broadening in the EDF.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, and C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Lopez-Amo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and D. Leandro, “Bidirectional dual-wavelength Raman fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 399–401 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. E. Keiser, “A review of WDM technology and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 3–39 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Liu and C. Lu, “Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2541–2543 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. G. Han, T. Van Anh Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697–699 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 203–207 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18, 23054–23061 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Lopez-Amo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and D. Leandro, “Bidirectional dual-wavelength Raman fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 399–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18, 23054–23061 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 203–207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, and C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Han, T. Van Anh Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

X. Liu and C. Lu, “Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2541–2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

G. E. Keiser, “A review of WDM technology and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 3–39 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 203–207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M. V.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Awang, N. A.

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z.

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, and C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chow, J.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H.

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, and C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

M. Lopez-Amo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and D. Leandro, “Bidirectional dual-wavelength Raman fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 399–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fuse, K.

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18, 23054–23061 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Graydon, O.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hale, P. J.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

Y. G. Han, T. Van Anh Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 203–207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hendry, E.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hotate, K.

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, G.

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keiser, G. E.

G. E. Keiser, “A review of WDM technology and applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 3–39 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Latif, A. A.

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Leandro, D.

M. Lopez-Amo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and D. Leandro, “Bidirectional dual-wavelength Raman fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 399–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Y. G. Han, T. Van Anh Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu and C. Lu, “Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2541–2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Amo, M.

M. Lopez-Amo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and D. Leandro, “Bidirectional dual-wavelength Raman fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 399–401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lou, C.

S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

X. Liu and C. Lu, “Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2541–2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18, 23054–23061 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, S. A.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moger, J.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muhammad, F. D.

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N.

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, and C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pal, M.

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Palaci, J.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paul, M. C.

H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Millan, P.

G. E. Villanueva, P. Perez-Millan, J. Palaci, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, and J. Marti, “Dual-wavelength DFB erbium-doped fiber laser with tunable wavelength spacing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22, 254–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Savchenko, A. K.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 097401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shahi, S.

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 203–207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, and C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sulaiman, A. H.

H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tamchek, A. N.

H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
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X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 3834–3839 (2004).
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S. Pan, X. Zhao, and C. Lou, “Switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 764–766 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Luo, M. Zhou, Z. Cai, C. Ye, J. Weng, G. Huang, and H. Xu, “Graphene-assisted multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23, 501–503 (2011).
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Zulkifli, M. Z.

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

X. Liu and C. Lu, “Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 2541–2543 (2005).
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[CrossRef]

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H. Ahmad, M. C. Paul, N. A. Awang, S. W. Harun, M. Pal, and K. Thambiratnam, “Four-wave-mixing in zirconia–yttria–aluminum erbium codoped silica fiber,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 7, 12011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

H. Ahmad, F. D. Muhammad, M. Z. Zulkifli, A. A. Latif, and S. W. Harun, “Tunable radio frequency generation using a graphene-based single longitudinal mode fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2097–2102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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H. Ahmad, K. Thambiratnam, A. H. Sulaiman, A. N. Tamchek, and S. W. Harun, “SOA-based quad-wavelength ring laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5, 726–729 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with bismuth-based erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 17, 203–207 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Tang, X. Tian, P. Shum, S. Fu, H. Dong, and Y. Gong, “Four-wave mixing assisted self-stable 4×10  GHz actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 14, 1726–1730 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

Y. G. Han, T. Van Anh Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 697–699 (2006).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the proposed highly stable graphene-assisted TDWFL.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output of the TDWFL (a) without graphene, (b) with graphene for channels 13 and 15, and (c) with graphene for channels 12 and 16, showing the tunability.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Peak power measurement of the dual-wavelength output at different pump powers of (a) 50, (b) 210, and (c) 285 mW for the graphene-assisted TDWFL.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Investigation of stability of proposed configuration. The proposed configuration operated for approximately an hour with a pump power of 285 mW. An OSA reading taken every 10 min (a) without and (b) with graphene.

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