Abstract

A polymer fiber with a suspended hollow core is proposed as a low-loss terahertz (THz) waveguide. THz guiding mode is formed due to the suspended hollow core and the air inside the suspended hollow core fiber (SHCF). The low-loss property of the SHCF is achieved due to the fact that the air part of the suspended hollow core traps a large portion of mode power of the THz wave. By using a finite-element method, both the SHCF and the suspended solid core fiber (SSCF) are comparatively investigated. The effective indices, mode area, power fraction, relative absorption loss, and mode profile of the SHCF and the SSCF are presented. Simulation results show that the proposed SHCF exhibits better loss property than the SSCF.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784–1786 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26–33 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 50, 910–928 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97–105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, “Imaging with terahertz waves,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1716–1718 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, “Terahertz imaging with a nanometer resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009–3011 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Winnewisser, “Spectroscopy in the terahertz region,” Vib. Spectrosc. 8, 241–253 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymer,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).
  15. L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple subwavelength holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding,” Opt. Express 16, 6340–6351 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. Chen and H. Chen, “A novel low-loss terahertz waveguide: polymer tube,” Opt. Express 18, 3762–3767 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. N. A. Mortensen, “Effective area of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 341–348 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

2011 (1)

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

D. Chen and H. Chen, “A novel low-loss terahertz waveguide: polymer tube,” Opt. Express 18, 3762–3767 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple subwavelength holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding,” Opt. Express 16, 6340–6351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymer,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, “Terahertz imaging with a nanometer resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009–3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 50, 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Mortensen, “Effective area of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 341–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, “Imaging with terahertz waves,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1716–1718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Winnewisser, “Spectroscopy in the terahertz region,” Vib. Spectrosc. 8, 241–253 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784–1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adam, A. J. L.

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784–1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baron, P.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bolivar, P. H.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bosserhoff, A.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brucherseifer, M.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buttner, R.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.-C.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Chen and H. Chen, “A novel low-loss terahertz waveguide: polymer tube,” Opt. Express 18, 3762–3767 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

D. Chen and H. Chen, “A novel low-loss terahertz waveguide: polymer tube,” Opt. Express 18, 3762–3767 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. T.

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, “Terahertz imaging with a nanometer resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009–3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. W.

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. J.

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G. C.

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, “Terahertz imaging with a nanometer resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009–3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B. E.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dupuis, A.

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple subwavelength holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding,” Opt. Express 16, 6340–6351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frampton, K.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fukunaga, K.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, P. Y.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hassani, A.

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple subwavelength holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding,” Opt. Express 16, 6340–6351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D. W.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hosako, I.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B. B.

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, “Imaging with terahertz waves,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1716–1718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, S. G.

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymer,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

Jepsen, P. U.

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y. S.

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymer,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

Kao, T. F.

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, Y.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, M. C.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kersting, R.

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, “Terahertz imaging with a nanometer resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009–3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kiang, K. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. J.

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymer,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kono, S.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krumbholz, N.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurner, T.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.-H.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.-A.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lo, T.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Lu, J. Y.

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.-Y.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mazhorova, A.

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mendrok, J.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

N. A. Mortensen, “Effective area of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 341–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, M.

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, K.

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, “Imaging with terahertz waves,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1716–1718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ochiai, S.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Patrashin, M.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.-L.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Piesiewcz, R.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Planken, P. C. M.

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, H. K.

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rozé, M.

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rutt, H. N.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schoebel, J.

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sekine, N.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seta, T.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. C.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 50, 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding,” Opt. Express 16, 6340–6351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple subwavelength holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Sun, C. K.

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-K.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taday, P. F.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tani, M.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tribe, W. R.

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tucknott, J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ung, B.

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Usami, M.

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Walther, M.

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winnewisser, G.

G. Winnewisser, “Spectroscopy in the terahertz region,” Vib. Spectrosc. 8, 241–253 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G. X.

Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784–1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yasuda, H.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

You, B.

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784–1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, “Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784–1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Brucherseifer, M. Nagel, P. H. Bolivar, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Buttner, “Label-free probing of the binding state of DNA by time-domain terahertz sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4049–4051 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Chen, R. Kersting, and G. C. Cho, “Terahertz imaging with a nanometer resolution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3009–3011 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Shen, T. Lo, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, W. R. Tribe, and M. C. Kemp, “Detection and identification of explosive using terahertz pulsed spectroscopic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241116–241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Low loss porous terahertz fibers containing multiple subwavelength holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. (1)

R. Piesiewcz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kurner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24–39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. (1)

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 50, 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Y. Han, M. Tani, M. Usami, S. Kono, R. Kersting, and X.-C. Zhang, “A direct comparison between terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and far-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2357–2359 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

Y. S. Jin, G. J. Kim, and S. G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymer,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513–517 (2006).

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26–33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1, 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

A. Hassani, A. Dupuis, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Porous polymer fibers for low-loss terahertz guiding,” Opt. Express 16, 6340–6351 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lai, B. You, J.-Y. Lu, T.-A. Liu, J.-L. Peng, C.-K. Sun, and H.-C. Chang, “Modal characteristics of antiresonant reflecting pipe waveguides for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Express 18, 309–322 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Rozé, B. Ung, A. Mazhorova, M. Walther, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Suspended core subwavelength fibers: towards practical designs for low-loss terahertz guidance,” Opt. Express 19, 9127–9138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen and H. Chen, “A novel low-loss terahertz waveguide: polymer tube,” Opt. Express 18, 3762–3767 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Mortensen, “Effective area of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 341–348 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, O. Bang, and P. U. Jepsen, “Bendable, low-loss Topas fibers for the terahertz frequency range,” Opt. Express 17, 8592–8601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

L. J. Chen, H. W. Chen, T. F. Kao, J. Y. Lu, and C. K. Sun, “Low-loss subwavelength plastic fiber for terahertz waveguiding,” Opt. Lett. 31, 308–310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, “Imaging with terahertz waves,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1716–1718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen, Z. Jiang, G. X. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Near-field terahertz imaging with a dynamic aperture,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1122–1124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vib. Spectrosc. (1)

G. Winnewisser, “Spectroscopy in the terahertz region,” Vib. Spectrosc. 8, 241–253 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman & Hall, 1983).

Cited By

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Cross-sections of (a) SSCF and (b) SHCF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Effective index of the fundamental modes of the SSCFs and the SHCFs.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Mode area of the fundamental modes of the SHCFs and the SSCFs.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Power fractions of the modal power in the SHCFs and the SSCFs. (b) Relative absorption loss of the SHCFs and the SSCFs.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Mode profile of the power flow of the fundamental mode of the SHCFs and the SSCFs when the THz wavelength is λ=500μm. (b) Normalized power flow distribution of the polymer tubes and the solid polymer fiber in the radial direction.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Aeff=[I(r)dr]2/[I2(r)dr],
fi=iSzdA/allSzdA,
αmodαmat=(ε0/μ0)1/2npolymer|E|2dA/Re{z^·allE×H*dA},

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