Abstract

An optical characterization method with high spectral resolution for broadband, multilayer dielectric gratings working at the −1st reflection order is demonstrated in this paper. The diffraction-efficiency measurement setup for the broadband gratings with high efficiencies mainly consists of a double-light-path system with a monochromator as the illumination source and an automatic rotation stage for incident and diffraction angles adjustment. Two typical practical difficulties, namely (1) the mismatch between the spot size of diffracted light and the limited detector aperture and (2) the shared propagation path between the incident and diffracted light at the Littrow angle, were well solved. A fabricated multilayer dielectric grating was measured on the established measurement setup. Diffraction efficiencies greater than 90% in the wavelength range from 763 to 852 nm were obtained with an average relative deviation less than 1.0%. At the moment, the wavelength resolution is 1 nm and the angle resolution is 0.2 deg. The high-resolution broadband diffraction spectrometry testing method is applicable to characterizing broadband pulse compression gratings in the laser systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221(1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and D. J. Harter, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 100 fsec pulses,” Opt. Lett. 14, 797–799 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. F. Li and J. Hirsh, “All-dielectric high-efficiency reflection gratings made with multilayer thin-film coatings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1349–1351 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performance and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260, 649–655 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X. Wei, J. Ju, and Y. Zhu, “Precision diffraction efficiency measurements of gratings by double light path method,” J. Soochow Univ. 22, 43–46 (2007).
  22. M. Delabachelerie and G. Passedat, “Mode-hop suppression of Littrow grating-tuned lasers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 269–274 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Wei, J. Ju, and Y. Zhu, “Precision diffraction efficiency measurements of gratings by double light path method,” J. Soochow Univ. 22, 43–46 (2007).

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performance and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260, 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Li and J. Hirsh, “All-dielectric high-efficiency reflection gratings made with multilayer thin-film coatings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1349–1351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Delabachelerie and G. Passedat, “Mode-hop suppression of Littrow grating-tuned lasers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 269–274 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and D. J. Harter, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 100 fsec pulses,” Opt. Lett. 14, 797–799 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221(1985).
[CrossRef]

Aasen, M. D.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alessi, D.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balas, M.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bi, Q.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bischoff, J.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bodefeld, R.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performance and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260, 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. D.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Britten, J. A.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. G.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bunkowski, A.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burmeister, O.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Canova, F.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, T. C.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J.-P.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, R.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Villele, G.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Decker, D.

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Delabachelerie, M.

M. Delabachelerie and G. Passedat, “Mode-hop suppression of Littrow grating-tuned lasers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 269–274 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z. X.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Desserouer, F.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dupuy, G.

J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z. X.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fechner, R.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Flamand, J.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flury, M.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

George, J.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, A.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Harter, D. J.

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and D. J. Harter, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 100 fsec pulses,” Opt. Lett. 14, 797–799 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hehl, K.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heyer, H.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hirsh, J.

L. F. Li and J. Hirsh, “All-dielectric high-efficiency reflection gratings made with multilayer thin-film coatings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1349–1351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hoaglan, C. R.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hocquet, S.

J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jing, X.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J.

X. Wei, J. Ju, and Y. Zhu, “Precision diffraction efficiency measurements of gratings by double light path method,” J. Soochow Univ. 22, 43–46 (2007).

Kaladgew, S.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Key, E. B.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knollenberg, B.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong, W. J.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krous, E.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Larotonda, M. A.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Larson, C. C.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lavastre, E.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. F.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Li and J. Hirsh, “All-dielectric high-efficiency reflection gratings made with multilayer thin-film coatings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1349–1351 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S. J.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loomis, G. E.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P. P.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luther, B. M.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martz, D. H.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Menoni, C. S.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mohaupt, U.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W. A.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and D. J. Harter, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 100 fsec pulses,” Opt. Lett. 14, 797–799 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221(1985).
[CrossRef]

Neauport, J.

J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Bonod and J. Neauport, “Optical performance and laser induced damage threshold improvement of diffraction gratings used as compressors in ultra high intensity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 260, 649–655 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. T.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, N. D.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nissen, J. D.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Palme, M.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Palmier, S.

J. Neauport, N. Bonod, S. Hocquet, S. Palmier, and G. Dupuy, “Mixed metal dielectric gratings for pulse compression,” Opt. Express 18, 23776–23783 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Passedat, G.

M. Delabachelerie and G. Passedat, “Mode-hop suppression of Littrow grating-tuned lasers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 269–274 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Patel, D.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D. M.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pessot, M.

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and D. J. Harter, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 100 fsec pulses,” Opt. Lett. 14, 797–799 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Raze, G.

J. Neauport, E. Lavastre, G. Raze, G. Dupuy, N. Bonod, M. Balas, G. de Villele, J. Flamand, S. Kaladgew, and F. Desserouer, “Effect of electric field on laser induced damage threshold of multilayer dielectric gratings,” Opt. Express 15, 12508–12522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, B.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schnabel, R.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, C.

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shao, J.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shao, J. D.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z. C.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. F. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shults, E.

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

M. Pessot, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and D. J. Harter, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 100 fsec pulses,” Opt. Lett. 14, 797–799 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221(1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K. X.

P. P. Lu, K. X. Sun, R. L. Byer, J. A. Britten, H. T. Nguyen, J. D. Nissen, C. C. Larson, M. D. Aasen, T. C. Carlson, and C. R. Hoaglan, “Precise diffraction efficiency measurements of large-area greater-than-99%-efficient dielectric gratings at the Littrow angle,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1708–1710 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, M.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, T.

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Theobald, W.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tonchev, S.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, T. Clausnitzer, E. B. Key, A. Tunnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, “Optical characterization of ultrahigh diffraction efficiency gratings,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5795–5799 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uteza, O.

F. Canova, O. Uteza, J.-P. Chambaret, M. Flury, S. Tonchev, R. Fechner, and O. Parriaux, “High-efficiency, broad band, high-damage threshold high-index gratings for femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Express 15, 15324–15334 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Study on guided-mode resonance characteristic of multilayer dielectric grating with broadband and wide using-angle,” Chin. Phys. B 19, 054202 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Ma, T. Sun, and X. Jing, “Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings,” Appl. Opt. 49, 2969–2978 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, Y. Jin, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Optimization design of an ultrabroadband, high-efficiency, all-dielectric grating,” Opt. Lett. 35, 187–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. H.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

D. H. Martz, H. T. Nguyen, D. Patel, J. A. Britten, D. Alessi, E. Krous, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, J. George, B. Knollenberg, B. M. Luther, J. J. Rocca, and C. S. Menoni, “Large area high efficiency broad bandwidth 800 nm dielectric gratings for high energy laser pulse compression,” Opt. Express 17, 23809–23816 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wattellier, B.

I. Jovanovic, C. G. Brown, B. C. Stuart, W. A. Molander, N. D. Nielsen, B. Wattellier, J. A. Britten, D. M. Pennington, and C. P. J. Barty, “Precision damage tests of multilayer dielectric gratings for high-energy petawatt lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 34–42 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wei, S. J.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

X. Wei, J. Ju, and Y. Zhu, “Precision diffraction efficiency measurements of gratings by double light path method,” J. Soochow Univ. 22, 43–46 (2007).

Welsch, E.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wenke, L.

K. Hehl, J. Bischoff, U. Mohaupt, M. Palme, B. Schnabel, L. Wenke, R. Bodefeld, W. Theobald, E. Welsch, R. Sauerbrey, and H. Heyer, “High-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings: design, fabrication, and analysis,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6257–6271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yun, M. J.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M. M.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. F.

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. N.

S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

X. Wei, J. Ju, and Y. Zhu, “Precision diffraction efficiency measurements of gratings by double light path method,” J. Soochow Univ. 22, 43–46 (2007).

Acta Phys. Sinica (1)

W. J. Kong, S. H. Wang, S. J. Wei, M. J. Yun, W. F. Zhang, X. J. Wang, and M. M. Zhang, “Diffraction property of broadband metal multi-layer dielectric gratings based on rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” Acta Phys. Sinica 60, 114214 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

Q. Bi, J. Zheng, A. Guo, M. Sun, J. Wang, F. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Xie, and Z. Lin, “Design and properties analysis of total internal reflection gratings for pulse compressor at 1053 nm,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 11, 21–27 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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S. J. Liu, Z. C. Shen, W. J. Kong, J. Shen, Z. X. Deng, Y. N. Zhao, J. D. Shao, and Z. X. Fan, “Optimization of near-field optical field of multi-layer dielectric gratings for pulse compressor,” Opt. Commun. 267, 50–57 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic structure of grating diffraction-measurement setup. Input light before beam splitter: a; monitoring light path: b; measuring light path: incident light c and diffraction light d; bromine tungsten lamp: B; monochromator: M; aperture: A; polarizer: P; collimator: C; beam splitter: S; grating sample: G; rotated arm: R1; rotated stage: R2; focusing lenses: F1 and F2; silicon detectors: D1 and D2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Method of double-light-path system in GDMS.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Method of fine tuning to avoid light being blocked.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Influence of fine tuning on the diffraction spectrum curve.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Theory influence of the azimuthal angle on the diffraction spectrum curve.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Theory influence of the polarizer extinction ratio on the diffraction spectrum curve.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

SEM photograph of the grating sample.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Spectrum of a grating for s polarization: (a) optical spectrum at incident angle of 57 deg with wavelength step of 1 nm and (b) angular spectrum at wavelength of 800 nm with incident angle step of 0.2 deg.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Contour map of the grating diffraction efficiency for s polarization with wavelength step of 10 nm and incident angle step of 1 deg: (a) tested by GDMS and (b) simulated at designing.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

ARDs of the four real signals.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin(θm)=sin(θi)+mλd,
ηs=E1e1E2e2
ηs=E1e1η(E2e2).
η=(E1e1)(E2e2)(E2e2)(E1e1).
sin(θLittrow)=mλ2d.
|Δηη|=|ΔE1|+|Δe1||E1e1|+|ΔE2|+|Δe2||E2e2|+|ΔE1|+|Δe1||E1e1|+|ΔE2|+|Δe2||E2e2|,
|Δηη|1.0%.

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