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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Simulation of the color ratio associated with the backscattering of radiation by ice particles at wavelengths of 0.532 and 1.064 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D00H08 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, H. Wie, H.-L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512–5523 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, L. Bi, R. L. Panetta, P. Yang, and M. A. Yurkin, “Comparison between the pseudo-spectral time domain method and the discrete dipole approximation for light scattering simulations,” Opt. Express 20, 16763–16776 (2012).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, Y. Hu, and B. A. Baum, “Scattering and absorption of light by ice particles: solution by a new physical-geometric optics hybrid method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 112, 1492–1508 (2011).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, and R. Kahn, “Modeling optical properties of mineral aerosol particles by using nonsymmetric hexahedra,” Appl. Opt. 49, 334–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, and R. Kahn, “Single-scattering properties of triaxial ellipsoidal particles for a size parameter range from the Rayleigh to geometric-optics regimes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 114–126 (2009).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Simulation of the color ratio associated with the backscattering of radiation by ice particles at wavelengths of 0.532 and 1.064 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D00H08 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Simulation of the color ratio associated with the backscattering of radiation by ice particles at wavelengths of 0.532 and 1.064 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D00H08 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Yurkin, A. G. Hoekstra, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Systematic comparison of the discrete dipole approximation and the finite difference time domain method for large dielectric scatterers,” Opt. Express 15, 17902–17911(2007).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, and L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).

[CrossRef]

G. Chen, P. Yang, and G. W. Kattawar, “Application of the pseudospectral time-domain method to the scattering of light by nonspherical particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 785–790 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek and J. A. Coakley, “Aerosols and climate,” Science 183, 75–77 (1974).

[CrossRef]

V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, “Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle,” Science 294, 2119–2124 (2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. F. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. W. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, “Scattering matrices of mineral aerosol particles at 441.6 nm and 632.8 nm,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375–17401 (2001).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, “Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995–1014 (2007).

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[CrossRef]

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P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, “Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995–1014 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. L. McConnell, P. Formenti, E. J. Highwood, and M. A. J. Harrison, “Using aircraft measurements to determine the refractive index of Saharan dust during the DODO experiments,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3081–3098 (2010).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Fournier and B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency for randomly oriented spheroids,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2042–2048 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, H. Wie, H.-L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512–5523 (2005).

[CrossRef]

W. B. Gordon, “Far-field approximations to the Kirchhoff–Helmholtz representations of scattered fields,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 23, 590–592 (1975).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. L. McConnell, P. Formenti, E. J. Highwood, and M. A. J. Harrison, “Using aircraft measurements to determine the refractive index of Saharan dust during the DODO experiments,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3081–3098 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Osborne, B. T. Johnson, J. M. Haywood, A. J. Baran, M. A. J. Harrison, and C. L. McConnell, “Physical and optical properties of mineral dust aerosol during the dust and biomass-burning experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D00C03(2008).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, B. T. Johnson, J. M. Haywood, E. Hesse, and S. Newman, “Short-wave and long-wave radiative properties of Saharan dust aerosol,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1149–1167 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Osborne, B. T. Johnson, J. M. Haywood, A. J. Baran, M. A. J. Harrison, and C. L. McConnell, “Physical and optical properties of mineral dust aerosol during the dust and biomass-burning experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D00C03(2008).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, B. T. Johnson, J. M. Haywood, E. Hesse, and S. Newman, “Short-wave and long-wave radiative properties of Saharan dust aerosol,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1149–1167 (2011).

[CrossRef]

E. Hesse, “Modeling diffraction during ray-tracing using the concept of energy flow lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 109, 1374–1383 (2008).

[CrossRef]

A. J. M. Clarke, E. Hesse, Z. Ulanowski, and P. H. Kaye, “A 3D implementation of ray-tracing with diffraction on facets: verification and a potential application,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 100, 103–114 (2006).

[CrossRef]

C. L. McConnell, P. Formenti, E. J. Highwood, and M. A. J. Harrison, “Using aircraft measurements to determine the refractive index of Saharan dust during the DODO experiments,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3081–3098 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Yurkin and A. G. Hoekstra, “The discrete-dipole-approximation code ADDA: capabilities and known limitations,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 112, 2234–2247 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Yurkin, A. G. Hoekstra, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Systematic comparison of the discrete dipole approximation and the finite difference time domain method for large dielectric scatterers,” Opt. Express 15, 17902–17911(2007).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, “Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995–1014 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muæoz, J. W. Hovenier, and L. B. F. M. Waters, “An update of the Amsterdam light scattering database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 100, 437–443 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. F. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. W. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, “Scattering matrices of mineral aerosol particles at 441.6 nm and 632.8 nm,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375–17401 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Yi, C. N. Hsu, P. Yang, and S.-C. Tsay, “Radiative transfer simulation of dust-like aerosols: uncertainties from particle shape and refractive index,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42, 631–644(2011).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, Y. Hu, and B. A. Baum, “Scattering and absorption of light by ice particles: solution by a new physical-geometric optics hybrid method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 112, 1492–1508 (2011).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Simulation of the color ratio associated with the backscattering of radiation by ice particles at wavelengths of 0.532 and 1.064 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D00H08 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, H. Wie, H.-L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512–5523 (2005).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, H. Wie, H.-L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512–5523 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, B. T. Johnson, J. M. Haywood, E. Hesse, and S. Newman, “Short-wave and long-wave radiative properties of Saharan dust aerosol,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1149–1167 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Osborne, B. T. Johnson, J. M. Haywood, A. J. Baran, M. A. J. Harrison, and C. L. McConnell, “Physical and optical properties of mineral dust aerosol during the dust and biomass-burning experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, D00C03(2008).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Jones, “Approximate methods in high-frequency scattering,” Proc. R. Soc. A 239, 338–348 (1957).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

C. Liu, R. L. Panetta, and P. Yang, “The influence of water coating on the optical scattering properties of fractal soot aggregates,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 46, 31–43 (2012).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, R. L. Panetta, and P. Yang, “Application of the pseudo-spectral time domain method to compute particle single-scattering properties for size parameters up to 200,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 1728–1740(2012).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. F. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. W. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, “Scattering matrices of mineral aerosol particles at 441.6 nm and 632.8 nm,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375–17401 (2001).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles(Cambridge University, 2002).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

T. Nousiainen, M. Kahnert, and B. Veihelmann, “Light scattering modeling of small feldspar aerosol particles using polyhedral; prims and spheroids,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 101, 471–487 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. Kahnert, T. Nousiainen, and B. Veihelmann, “Spherical and spheroidal model particles as an error source in aerosol climate forcing and radiance computations: a case study for feldspar aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D18S13 (2005).

[CrossRef]

E. Zubko, K. Muinonen, Y. Shkuratov, G. Videen, and T. Nousiainen, “Scattering of light by roughened Gaussian random particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 604–615 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muæoz, J. W. Hovenier, and L. B. F. M. Waters, “An update of the Amsterdam light scattering database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 100, 437–443 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. F. de Haan, W. Vassen, J. W. Hovenier, K. Muinonen, and T. Nousiainen, “Scattering matrices of mineral aerosol particles at 441.6 nm and 632.8 nm,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 17375–17401 (2001).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

P. Yang, H. Wie, H.-L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512–5523 (2005).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, D. M. Winker, R. S. Brock, and J. Q. Lu, “Simulation of the color ratio associated with the backscattering of radiation by ice particles at wavelengths of 0.532 and 1.064 μm,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, D00H08 (2009).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, Q. Feng, G. Hong, G. W. Kattawar, W. J. Wiscombe, M. I. Mishchenko, O. Dubovik, I. Laszlo, and I. N. Sokolik, “Modeling of the scattering and radiative properties of nonspherical dust-like aerosols,” J. Aerosol Sci. 38, 995–1014 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Haywood, B. T. Johnson, S. R. Osborne, A. J. Baran, M. Brooks, S. F. Milton, J. Mulcahy, D. Walters, R. P. Allan, M. J. Woodage, A. Klaver, P. Formenti, H. E. Brindley, S. Christopher, and P. Gupta, “Motivation, rationale and key results from the GERBILS Saharan dust measurement campaign,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 1106–1116 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, R. L. Panetta, and P. Yang, “Application of the pseudo-spectral time domain method to compute particle single-scattering properties for size parameters up to 200,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 113, 1728–1740(2012).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, R. L. Panetta, and P. Yang, “The influence of water coating on the optical scattering properties of fractal soot aggregates,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 46, 31–43 (2012).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, L. Bi, R. L. Panetta, P. Yang, and M. A. Yurkin, “Comparison between the pseudo-spectral time domain method and the discrete dipole approximation for light scattering simulations,” Opt. Express 20, 16763–16776 (2012).

[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, Y. Hu, and B. A. Baum, “Scattering and absorption of light by ice particles: solution by a new physical-geometric optics hybrid method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 112, 1492–1508 (2011).

[CrossRef]

B. Yi, C. N. Hsu, P. Yang, and S.-C. Tsay, “Radiative transfer simulation of dust-like aerosols: uncertainties from particle shape and refractive index,” J. Aerosol Sci. 42, 631–644(2011).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

L. Bi, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, and R. Kahn, “Single-scattering properties of triaxial ellipsoidal particles for a size parameter range from the Rayleigh to geometric-optics regimes,” Appl. Opt. 48, 114–126 (2009).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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