Abstract

The performance of a LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG eye-safe laser at 1423.4 nm with a Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 (Co:LMA) saturable absorber is demonstrated. A maximum average output power of 627 mW with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 3.35% and a slope efficiency of 5.1% was obtained under a pump power of 18.7 W. A minimum pulsewidth of 102 ns and a pulse repetition rate of 35 kHz were obtained with the T=1.0% output coupler.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400  nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, X. H. Chen, and Q. P. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1319  nm with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal as the saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 418–422 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062  nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Cheng, S. Zhao, Y. Li, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, G. Zhang, and X. Li, “Diode-pumped doubly passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 1.34  μm laser with V3+:YAG and Co:LMA saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 149–154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444  nm Nd:YAG laser: comparison with the 1,064  nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, “Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54  μm Er:glass laser,” Opt. Express 15, 3195–3200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. F. Chen, “Cw dual-wavelength operation of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 475–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1993

M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. B. Sigachev, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient lasing near 1.4 /zm in a (Cr, Ce, Nd):Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 23, 490–493 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Beilschmidt, L.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, J.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. C. C.

Chen, X. H.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, X. H. Chen, and Q. P. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1319  nm with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal as the saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 418–422 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062  nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Cheng, K.

Choi, J. W.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400  nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dell’Acqua, S.

Dong, C. M.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. L.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, M. E.

M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. B. Sigachev, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient lasing near 1.4 /zm in a (Cr, Ce, Nd):Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 23, 490–493 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dotsch, H.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frommeyer, M.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gather, B.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ge, W.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gerhardt, R.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gobbi, P. G.

Guo, Z. Z.

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heine, F.

Hou, X.

Hu, X.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. T.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. F.

Huang, Y. P.

Huang, Y. Z.

Huber, G.

Jia, Z. T.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. E.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444  nm Nd:YAG laser: comparison with the 1,064  nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. P.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400  nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kleine-Borger, J.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, H. M.

Lee, H. C.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400  nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

Li, G.

Li, P.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, X. H. Chen, and Q. P. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1319  nm with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal as the saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 418–422 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062  nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Li, Y.

Liang, H. C.

Ling, Z.

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meister, S.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. B. Sigachev, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient lasing near 1.4 /zm in a (Cr, Ce, Nd):Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 23, 490–493 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

Pennacchio, C.

Qi, H.

Qin, L. J.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qing, G. C.

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ran, D.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Rhee, H.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sigachev, V. B.

M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. B. Sigachev, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient lasing near 1.4 /zm in a (Cr, Ce, Nd):Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 23, 490–493 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Song, S. Y.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444  nm Nd:YAG laser: comparison with the 1,064  nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Sun, S.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Tang, D. Y.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tark, K. C.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444  nm Nd:YAG laser: comparison with the 1,064  nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Timoshechkin, M. I.

M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. B. Sigachev, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient lasing near 1.4 /zm in a (Cr, Ce, Nd):Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 23, 490–493 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. P.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, X. H. Chen, and Q. P. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1319  nm with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal as the saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 418–422 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062  nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xie, G. Q.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. L.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. F.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K.

Yang, K. J.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yi, W. Z.

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z. C.

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. T.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. N.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, X. H. Chen, and Q. P. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1319  nm with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal as the saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 418–422 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062  nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

K. Cheng, S. Zhao, Y. Li, G. Li, D. Li, K. Yang, G. Zhang, and X. Li, “Diode-pumped doubly passively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 1.34  μm laser with V3+:YAG and Co:LMA saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 149–154 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, C. H.

H. T. Huang, J. L. He, B. T. Zhang, J. F. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, and X. T. Tao, “V3+:YAG as the saturable absorber for a diode-pumped quasi-three-level dual-wavelength Nd:GGG laser,” Opt. Express 18, 3352–3357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. F. Chen, “Cw dual-wavelength operation of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 475–478 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, J. F. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passive Q-switching of 1331  nm Nd:GGG laser with Co2+:LMA saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 95, 75–80 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Gerhardt, J. Kleine-Borger, L. Beilschmidt, M. Frommeyer, H. Dotsch, and B. Gather, “Efficient channel-waveguide laser in Nd:GGG at 1.062  μm wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1210–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

Z. C. Yu, G. C. Qing, Z. Ling, W. Z. Yi, and Z. Z. Guo, “Laser performance of Nd:GGG operating at 938  nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 440–441 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, D. Ran, S. Sun, H. Xia, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Growth and thermal properties of Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 282, 320–329 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys.

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, X. H. Chen, and Q. P. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1319  nm with Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal as the saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 22, 418–422 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Zhang, P. Li, Q. P. Wang, and X. H. Chen, “LD-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser at 1062  nm with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 21, 1867–1870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

H. C. Lee, J. W. Choi, and Y. P. Kim, “A Nd:YAG laser in the 1400  nm region of the spectrum,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med.

K. C. Tark, J. E. Jung, and S. Y. Song, “Superior lipolytic effect of the 1,444  nm Nd:YAG laser: comparison with the 1,064  nm Nd:YAG laser,” Lasers Surg. Med. 41, 721–727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. J. Qin, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, C. M. Dong, Z. T. Jia, H. H. Yu, and X. T. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, X. Wang, H. Rhee, S. Meister, H. J. Eichler, and J. Chen, “Pulsed Nd:YAP laser at 1432  nm pumped with high power laser diode,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2881–2884 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser. Technol.

C. H. Zuo, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, B. T. Zhang, Z. T. Jia, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “Efficient passively Q-switched operation of a diode-pumped Nd:GGG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Laser. Technol. 41, 17–20 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

C. H. Zuo, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, X. L. Dong, K. J. Yang, H. T. Huang, J. L. Xu, S. Zhao, C. M. Dong, and X. T. Tao, “CW and passively Q-switching characteristics of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GGG laser at 1331  nm,” Opt. Mater. 31, 976–979 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. B. Sigachev, and M. I. Timoshechkin, “Efficient lasing near 1.4 /zm in a (Cr, Ce, Nd):Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 23, 490–493 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of experimental laser setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power versus pump power for CW and Q-switched operation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser emission spectrum of the Nd:GGG ceramic laser at 1423.4 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse repetition rate and pulsewidth versus the pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Typical pulse train of the Q-switched laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Typical Q-switched laser pulse.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

3D distribution of the 1423.4 nm laser beam at the pumped power of 5.7 and 18.7 W, respectively.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Spectroscopic Characteristics of Three Lasing Transitions of Nd3+ Ions in Nd:GGG Crystal at 300 K [15]

Tables Icon

Table 2. Parameters for Calculation of the Thermal Focal Lengths

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pthi=ln(1Ri)+Li2lηi·hυpσiτi1Si(r·z)rp(r·z)dv,i=1,2,3,
ωl=λπ(Lfth)1/4(1L/fth)1/4,
fth=2πKc(dn/dt+nαT)ωp2ξPin[1exp(αLc)],

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