Abstract

Shrinkage of photopolymer materials is an important factor for their use in holographic data storage and for fabrication of holographic optical elements. Dimensional change in the holographic element leads to a requirement for compensation in the reading angle and/or wavelength. Normally, shrinkage is studied at the end of the polymerization process and no information about the dynamics is obtained. The aim of this study was to use holographic interferometry to measure the shrinkage that occurs during holographic recording of transmission diffraction gratings in acrylamide photopolymer layers. Shrinkage in photopolymer layers can be measured over the whole recorded area by real-time capture of holographic interferograms at regular intervals during holographic recording using a complimentary metal-oxide-semiconductor camera. The optical path length change, and hence the shrinkage, are determined from the captured fringe patterns. Through analysis of the real-time shrinkage curves, it is possible to distinguish two processes that determine the value of shrinkage in the photopolymer layer. These processes are ascribed to monomer polymerization and crosslinking of polymer chains. The dependence of shrinkage of the layers on the conditions of recording such as recording intensity, single or double beam exposure, and the physical properties of the layers, such as thickness, were studied. Higher shrinkage was observed with recordings at lower intensities and in thinner layers. Increased shrinkage was also observed in the case of single beam polymerization in comparison to the case of double beam holographic exposure.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

Y. Fuchs, O. Soppera, A. G. Mayes, and K. Haupt, “Holographic molecularly imprinted polymers for label-free chemical sensing,” Adv. Mater. 25, 566–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

V. Bavigadda, R. Jallapuram, E. Mihaylova, and V. Toal, “Electronic speckle-pattern interferometer using holographic optical elements for vibration measurements,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3273–3275 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, L. Leclercq, and V. Toal, “Photopolymerisable nanocomposites for holographic recording and sensor application,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3652–3660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “Characterisation of the humidity and temperature responses of a reflection hologram recorded in acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 35–38 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a colour changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, and K. Ishizu, “Organic nanoparticle (hyperbranched polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, “Holographic recording in TiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed methacrylate photopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121–4123 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. J. Trentler, J. E. Boyd, and V. L. Colvin, “Epoxy resin-photopolymer composites for volume holography,” Chem. Mater. 12, 1431–1438 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. Zhao, J. Liu, Z. Fu, and R. T. Chen, “Shrinkage correction of volume phase holograms for optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3005, 224–229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Martin, C. A. Feely, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording characteristics of an acrylamide based photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5757–5768 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1993

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

M. T. Manley, B. Ovryn, and L. S. Stern, “Evaluation of double-exposure holographic interferometry for biomechanical measurements in vitro,” J. Orthop. Res. 5, 144–149 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983

1968

A. E. Ennos, “Measurement of in plane surface strain by hologram interferometry,” J. Phys. E 1, 731–734 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967

E. B. Aleksandrov and A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, “Investigation of surface strains by the hologram technique,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 258–265 (1967).

1965

Aleksandrov, E. B.

E. B. Aleksandrov and A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, “Investigation of surface strains by the hologram technique,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 258–265 (1967).

Babeva, Tz.

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bablumian, A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bavigadda, V.

Biles, J.

J. Biles, “Holographic color filters for LCDs,” Society of Information Display 94 Digest, 403–406 (1994).

Blanche, P. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blanche, P.-A.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonch-Bruevich, A. M.

E. B. Aleksandrov and A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, “Investigation of surface strains by the hologram technique,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 258–265 (1967).

Boyd, J. E.

T. J. Trentler, J. E. Boyd, and V. L. Colvin, “Epoxy resin-photopolymer composites for volume holography,” Chem. Mater. 12, 1431–1438 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brown, N.

Caulfield, H. J.

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Hemmer, S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, “Holographic optical memories,” in Holography for the New Millennium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 179–189.

Chen, R. T.

C. Zhao, J. Liu, Z. Fu, and R. T. Chen, “Shrinkage correction of volume phase holograms for optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3005, 224–229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.-S.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Christenson, C.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, V. L.

T. J. Trentler, J. E. Boyd, and V. L. Colvin, “Epoxy resin-photopolymer composites for volume holography,” Chem. Mater. 12, 1431–1438 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ennos, A. E.

A. E. Ennos, “Measurement of in plane surface strain by hologram interferometry,” J. Phys. E 1, 731–734 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Feely, C. A.

Flores, D.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Z.

C. Zhao, J. Liu, Z. Fu, and R. T. Chen, “Shrinkage correction of volume phase holograms for optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3005, 224–229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, Y.

Y. Fuchs, O. Soppera, A. G. Mayes, and K. Haupt, “Holographic molecularly imprinted polymers for label-free chemical sensing,” Adv. Mater. 25, 566–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Furushima, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, and K. Ishizu, “Organic nanoparticle (hyperbranched polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gu, T.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hariharan, P.

Hata, E.

Haupt, K.

Y. Fuchs, O. Soppera, A. G. Mayes, and K. Haupt, “Holographic molecularly imprinted polymers for label-free chemical sensing,” Adv. Mater. 25, 566–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P.

P. Hemmer, S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, “Holographic optical memories,” in Holography for the New Millennium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 179–189.

Heo, Y.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hilaire, P. St.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Howard, R.

Hsieh, W.-Y.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishizu, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, and K. Ishizu, “Organic nanoparticle (hyperbranched polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jallapuram, R.

V. Bavigadda, R. Jallapuram, E. Mihaylova, and V. Toal, “Electronic speckle-pattern interferometer using holographic optical elements for vibration measurements,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3273–3275 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “Characterisation of the humidity and temperature responses of a reflection hologram recorded in acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 35–38 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a colour changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, S. Martin, R. Jallapuram, R. Howard, and V. Toal, “Investigations of the diffusion processes in self-processing acrylamide-based photopolymer system,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2900–2905 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.-C.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kathaperumal, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. I.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, T.

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, “Holographic recording in TiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed methacrylate photopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121–4123 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leclercq, L.

Lee, S.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leite, E.

E. Leite, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, L. Leclercq, and V. Toal, “Photopolymerisable nanocomposites for holographic recording and sensor application,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3652–3660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

C. Zhao, J. Liu, Z. Fu, and R. T. Chen, “Shrinkage correction of volume phase holograms for optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3005, 224–229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ludman, J.

P. Hemmer, S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, “Holographic optical memories,” in Holography for the New Millennium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 179–189.

Manley, M. T.

M. T. Manley, B. Ovryn, and L. S. Stern, “Evaluation of double-exposure holographic interferometry for biomechanical measurements in vitro,” J. Orthop. Res. 5, 144–149 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Martin, S.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “Characterisation of the humidity and temperature responses of a reflection hologram recorded in acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 35–38 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a colour changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, S. Martin, R. Jallapuram, R. Howard, and V. Toal, “Investigations of the diffusion processes in self-processing acrylamide-based photopolymer system,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2900–2905 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Martin, C. A. Feely, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording characteristics of an acrylamide based photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5757–5768 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mayes, A. G.

Y. Fuchs, O. Soppera, A. G. Mayes, and K. Haupt, “Holographic molecularly imprinted polymers for label-free chemical sensing,” Adv. Mater. 25, 566–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mihaylova, E.

Mintova, S.

M. Moothanchery, S. Mintova, I. Naydenova, and V. Toal, “Si-MFI zeolite nanoparticle doped photopolymer with reduced shrinkage,” Opt. Express 19, 25786–25791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, L. Leclercq, and V. Toal, “Photopolymerisable nanocomposites for holographic recording and sensor application,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3652–3660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mirsalehi, M. M.

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moothanchery, M.

Naydenova, I.

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, and V. Toal, “Study of the shrinkage caused by holographic grating formation in acrylamide based photopolymer film,” Opt. Express 19, 13395–13404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Moothanchery, S. Mintova, I. Naydenova, and V. Toal, “Si-MFI zeolite nanoparticle doped photopolymer with reduced shrinkage,” Opt. Express 19, 25786–25791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, L. Leclercq, and V. Toal, “Photopolymerisable nanocomposites for holographic recording and sensor application,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3652–3660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “Characterisation of the humidity and temperature responses of a reflection hologram recorded in acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 35–38 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a colour changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, S. Martin, R. Jallapuram, R. Howard, and V. Toal, “Investigations of the diffusion processes in self-processing acrylamide-based photopolymer system,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2900–2905 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ng, E.-P.

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ochi, K.

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, and K. Ishizu, “Organic nanoparticle (hyperbranched polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oreb, B. F.

Ovryn, B.

M. T. Manley, B. Ovryn, and L. S. Stern, “Evaluation of double-exposure holographic interferometry for biomechanical measurements in vitro,” J. Orthop. Res. 5, 144–149 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-K.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. L.

Psaltis, D.

Pu, A.

Rachwal, B.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rhee, U. S.

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rokutanda, S.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, S.

P. Hemmer, S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, “Holographic optical memories,” in Holography for the New Millennium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 179–189.

Shamir, J.

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sherif, H.

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, O.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Soppera, O.

Y. Fuchs, O. Soppera, A. G. Mayes, and K. Haupt, “Holographic molecularly imprinted polymers for label-free chemical sensing,” Adv. Mater. 25, 566–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stern, L. S.

M. T. Manley, B. Ovryn, and L. S. Stern, “Evaluation of double-exposure holographic interferometry for biomechanical measurements in vitro,” J. Orthop. Res. 5, 144–149 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stetson, K. A.

Suzuki, N.

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, “Holographic recording in TiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed methacrylate photopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121–4123 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tay, S.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Toal, V.

M. Moothanchery, S. Mintova, I. Naydenova, and V. Toal, “Si-MFI zeolite nanoparticle doped photopolymer with reduced shrinkage,” Opt. Express 19, 25786–25791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Moothanchery, I. Naydenova, and V. Toal, “Study of the shrinkage caused by holographic grating formation in acrylamide based photopolymer film,” Opt. Express 19, 13395–13404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Bavigadda, R. Jallapuram, E. Mihaylova, and V. Toal, “Electronic speckle-pattern interferometer using holographic optical elements for vibration measurements,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3273–3275 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Leite, I. Naydenova, S. Mintova, L. Leclercq, and V. Toal, “Photopolymerisable nanocomposites for holographic recording and sensor application,” Appl. Opt. 49, 3652–3660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “Characterisation of the humidity and temperature responses of a reflection hologram recorded in acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 35–38 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a colour changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, S. Martin, R. Jallapuram, R. Howard, and V. Toal, “Investigations of the diffusion processes in self-processing acrylamide-based photopolymer system,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2900–2905 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Martin, C. A. Feely, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording characteristics of an acrylamide based photopolymer,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5757–5768 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, Y.

E. Hata and Y. Tomita, “Stoichiometric thiol-to-ene ratio dependences of refractive index modulation and shrinkage of volume gratings recorded in photopolymerizable nanoparticle-polymer composites based onstep-growth polymerization,” Opt. Mater. Express 1, 1113–1120 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, and K. Ishizu, “Organic nanoparticle (hyperbranched polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, “Holographic recording in TiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed methacrylate photopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121–4123 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trentler, T. J.

T. J. Trentler, J. E. Boyd, and V. L. Colvin, “Epoxy resin-photopolymer composites for volume holography,” Chem. Mater. 12, 1431–1438 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tunç, A. V.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vest, C. M.

C. M. Vest, Holographic Interferometry (Wiley, 1979).

Vikram, C. S.

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Voorakaranam, R.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, J. Liu, Z. Fu, and R. T. Chen, “Shrinkage correction of volume phase holograms for optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3005, 224–229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

Y. Fuchs, O. Soppera, A. G. Mayes, and K. Haupt, “Holographic molecularly imprinted polymers for label-free chemical sensing,” Adv. Mater. 25, 566–570 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “A visual indication of environmental humidity using a colour changing hologram recorded in a self-developing photopolymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 031109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Suzuki, Y. Tomita, and T. Kojima, “Holographic recording in TiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed methacrylate photopolymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4121–4123 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, K. Furushima, K. Ochi, and K. Ishizu, “Organic nanoparticle (hyperbranched polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

T. J. Trentler, J. E. Boyd, and V. L. Colvin, “Epoxy resin-photopolymer composites for volume holography,” Chem. Mater. 12, 1431–1438 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

S. Lee, Y.-C. Jeong, Y. Heo, S. I. Kim, Y.-S. Choi, and J.-K. Park, “Holographic photopolymers of organic/inorganic hybrid interpenetrating networks for reduced volume shrinkage,” J. Mater. Chem. 19, 1105–1114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Orthop. Res.

M. T. Manley, B. Ovryn, and L. S. Stern, “Evaluation of double-exposure holographic interferometry for biomechanical measurements in vitro,” J. Orthop. Res. 5, 144–149 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

E. Leite, Tz. Babeva, E.-P. Ng, V. Toal, S. Mintova, and I. Naydenova, “Optical properties of photopolymer layers doped with aluminophosphate nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16767–16775 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E

A. E. Ennos, “Measurement of in plane surface strain by hologram interferometry,” J. Phys. E 1, 731–734 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Nature

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468, 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St. Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451, 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

U. S. Rhee, H. J. Caulfield, J. Shamir, C. S. Vikram, and M. M. Mirsalehi, “Characteristics of the DuPont photopolymer for angularly multiplexed page-oriented holographic memories,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1839–1847 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater. Express

Proc. SPIE

C. Zhao, J. Liu, Z. Fu, and R. T. Chen, “Shrinkage correction of volume phase holograms for optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3005, 224–229 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, H. Sherif, S. Mintova, S. Martin, and V. Toal, “Holographic recording in nanoparticle doped photopolymer,” Proc. SPIE 6252, 625206 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

I. Naydenova, R. Jallapuram, V. Toal, and S. Martin, “Characterisation of the humidity and temperature responses of a reflection hologram recorded in acrylamide-based photopolymer,” Sens. Actuators B 139, 35–38 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys.

E. B. Aleksandrov and A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, “Investigation of surface strains by the hologram technique,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 258–265 (1967).

Other

C. M. Vest, Holographic Interferometry (Wiley, 1979).

P. K. Rastogi, ed., Holographic Interferometry: Principles and Methods (Springer Series in Optical Sciences) (Springer-Verlag, 1994).

P. Hemmer, S. Shahriar, J. Ludman, and H. J. Caulfield, “Holographic optical memories,” in Holography for the New Millennium, J. Ludman, H. J. Caulfield, and J. Riccobono, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2002), pp. 179–189.

J. Biles, “Holographic color filters for LCDs,” Society of Information Display 94 Digest, 403–406 (1994).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical path difference diagram.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Combined holographic grating recording and holographic interferometry system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Reference frame produced by capturing the beam reconstructed by the hologram recorded in the red-light sensitive layer, (b) result of subtraction of the reference frame from the current frame (before switching on the green laser), and (c) result of subtraction of the reference frame from the current frame (after switching on the green laser).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Row shrinkage versus exposure energy for a spatial frequency of 1000lines/mm with (a) 70 μm, (b) 110 μm, and (c) 160 μm thick gratings recorded at A-1mW/cm2, B-5mW/cm2, and C-10mW/cm2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Absolute shrinkage and (b) relative shrinkage with respect to exposure times for a recording intensity of 1mW/cm2 and a spatial frequency of 1000 lines/mm at A-70 μm, B-110 μm, and C-160 μm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Relative shrinkage versus exposure time for a recording intensity of 4mW/cm2 using a single or a double beam in a (a) 90 μm and (b) 180 μm thick layer.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Data from the Fitting of Relative Shrinkage versus Exposure Time

Tables Icon

Table 2. Data from the Curve Fitting, Fig. 6

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ=2π/λ(k^2k^1)*L=K*L,
δ=d(cosθ1+cosθ2),
δ=nλ,
d=nλ/(cosθ1+cosθ2).
y=ab*exp(t/τ1)c*exp(t/τ2)

Metrics