Abstract

The refractive indices and quadratic electro-optic effect in terms of the coefficients (R11R12) in a paraelectric K0.95Na0.05Ta0.58Nb0.42O3 single crystal were measured. The dispersion of the refractive index was described exactly by a single-term Sellmeier equation. We found an obvious dispersion of the electro-optic coefficients (R11R12), and the coefficients decreased quickly with increasing wavelength above the Curie temperature. Following [J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720 (1969)], we obtained a dispersion equation for the electro-optic effect in a paraelectric potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystal. The experimental results agreed well with the dispersion model.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Sapiens, A. Weissbrod, and A. J. Agranat, “Fast electroholographic switching,” Opt. Lett. 34, 353–355 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Pierangelo, A. Ciattoni, E. Palange, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, “Electro-activation and electro-morphing of photorefractive funnel waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 22659–22665 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, “Scale-free optics and diffractionless waves in nanodisordered ferroelectrics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 39–42 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, and A. Agranat, “Growth and characterization of the perovskite K1−yLiyTa1−xNbxO3:Cu,” J. Cryst. Growth 131, 486–494 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720–734 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. R. Brews, “Energy band changes in perovskites due to lattice polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 662–664 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. R. Johnston, “Dispersion of electro-optic effect in BaTiO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3501–3507 (1971).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, “Scale-free optics and diffractionless waves in nanodisordered ferroelectrics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 39–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

1999 (2)

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, and A. Agranat, “Growth and characterization of the perovskite K1−yLiyTa1−xNbxO3:Cu,” J. Cryst. Growth 131, 486–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

A. R. Johnston, “Dispersion of electro-optic effect in BaTiO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3501–3507 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720–734 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

J. R. Brews, “Energy band changes in perovskites due to lattice polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 662–664 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A.

R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, and A. Agranat, “Growth and characterization of the perovskite K1−yLiyTa1−xNbxO3:Cu,” J. Cryst. Growth 131, 486–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Agranat, A. J.

Bian, J.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brews, J. R.

J. R. Brews, “Energy band changes in perovskites due to lattice polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 662–664 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ciattoni, A.

Conti, C.

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, “Scale-free optics and diffractionless waves in nanodisordered ferroelectrics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 39–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Croning Golomb, M.

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DelRe, E.

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, “Scale-free optics and diffractionless waves in nanodisordered ferroelectrics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 39–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Pierangelo, A. Ciattoni, E. Palange, A. J. Agranat, and E. DelRe, “Electro-activation and electro-morphing of photorefractive funnel waveguides,” Opt. Express 17, 22659–22665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiDomenico, M.

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720–734 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ding, A.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Drehman, A. J.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gaynor, B.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, C.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hofmeister, R.

R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, and A. Agranat, “Growth and characterization of the perovskite K1−yLiyTa1−xNbxO3:Cu,” J. Cryst. Growth 131, 486–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jia, J.

H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, A. R.

A. R. Johnston, “Dispersion of electro-optic effect in BaTiO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3501–3507 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kamzina, L. S.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, D.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Palange, E.

Pierangelo, A.

Ren, B.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, W.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sapiens, N.

Spinozzi, E.

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, “Scale-free optics and diffractionless waves in nanodisordered ferroelectrics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 39–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tian, H.

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.-Q.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weissbrod, A.

Wemple, S. H.

M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720–734 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B.

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, and A. Agranat, “Growth and characterization of the perovskite K1−yLiyTa1−xNbxO3:Cu,” J. Cryst. Growth 131, 486–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yip, P.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, J.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, D.

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, K.

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and H. Wang, “Voltage-controlled diffraction modulation in manganese-doped potassium sodium tantalate niobate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 012602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Lu, J. Zheng, M. Croning Golomb, F. Wang, H. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “In-plane electro-optic anisotropy of (1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−xPbTiO3 thin films grown on (100)-cut LaAlO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lu, B. Gaynor, C. Hsu, G. Jin, M. Cronin-Golomb, F. Wang, J. Zhao, S.-Q. Wang, P. Yip, and A. J. Drehman, “Structural and electro-optic properties in lead magnesium niobate titanate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

C. He, H. Chen, L. Sun, J. Wang, F. Xu, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Effective electro-optic coefficient of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3) O3−xPbTiO3 single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 47, 610–614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Hu, H. Tian, B. Yao, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large quadratic electro-optic effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta0.60Nb0.40O3 single crystal,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 13, 785–788 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Y. Lin, B. Ren, X. Zhao, D. Zhou, J. Chen, X. Li, H. Xu, D. Lin, and H. Luo, “Large quadratic electro-optic properties of ferroelectric base 0.92Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.08PbTiO3 single crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 507, 425–428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

W. Ruan, G. Li, J. Zeng, J. Bian, L. S. Kamzina, H. Zeng, L. Zheng, and A. Ding, “Large electro-optic effect in La-doped 0.75Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3−0.25PbTiO3 transparent ceramic by two-stage sintering,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 2128–2131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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M. DiDomenico and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720–734 (1969).
[CrossRef]

C. He, F. Xu, J. Wang, C. Du, K. Zhu, and Y. Liu, “Composition dependence of dispersion and bandgap properties in PZN-xPT single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083513 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Johnston, “Dispersion of electro-optic effect in BaTiO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 3501–3507 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. Hofmeister, A. Yariv, and A. Agranat, “Growth and characterization of the perovskite K1−yLiyTa1−xNbxO3:Cu,” J. Cryst. Growth 131, 486–494 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

H. Tian, C. Hu, Q. Chen, and Z. Zhou, “High, purely electrostrictive effect in cubic K0.95Na0.05Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 68, 14–16 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. DelRe, E. Spinozzi, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti, “Scale-free optics and diffractionless waves in nanodisordered ferroelectrics,” Nat. Photonics 5, 39–42 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. R. Brews, “Energy band changes in perovskites due to lattice polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 662–664 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

H. Tian, J. Jia, Z. Zhou, and D. Chen, “Large electrostrictive effect in K0.99Li0.01Ta1−xNbxO3 lead-free single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209, 2291–2294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic drawing of setup for automated scanning Senarmont compensator method.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Temperature dependence of relative dielectric constant εr. Peak of the curve indicates that Tc=21.7°C.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Refractive index of K0.95Na0.05Ta0.58Nb0.42O3 as a function of wavelength. Squares represent experimental data. Curve is fitting result of the single-term Sellmeier model [Eq. (2)] with parameters in Table 1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion of E-O coefficients (R11R12) in K0.95Na0.05Ta0.58Nb0.42O3 single crystal. Black squares are measured values given in Table 2; red circles are calculated values at 0.45 and 1.55 μm. Red curve is result of fitting by Eq. (10) with parameters in Table 1.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of Single-Term Sellmeier Model for K0.95Na0.05Ta0.58Nb0.42O3

Tables Icon

Table 2. E-O Coefficients of K0.95Na0.05Ta0.58Nb0.42O3 Single Crystal at Room Temperature (25°C)

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δn=12n03(R11R12)E2,
n021=Sελε021λε02/λ2.
Eε=hceλε,
ΔEεj=βijPi2,
Δλεj=λε2(e/hc)ΔEεj=λε2(e/hc)βijPi2,
n121=Sελε121λε12/λ2n221=Sελε221λε22/λ2,
Δnj=(njn0)=Sελε03(Δλεj/λε02)n0(1λε02/λ2)2=eSελε03hcn0(1λε02/λ2)2β1jP12j=1,2.
Δnj=12n03R1jE2.
R1j=2eSελε03(εr1)2ε02hcn04(1λε02/λ2)2β1j,
R11R12=2eSελε03(εr1)2ε02hcn04(1λε02/λ2)2(β11β12)=2eSελε03(εr1)2ε02hcn04(1λε02/λ2)2β.

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