Abstract

A monolithic, hybrid-pumped, gain-switched, single-mode, 1120 nm Yb-doped fiber laser is reported. Pumped by a 1064 nm pulse fiber source and a continuous-wave 976 nm laser diode, a record output pulse energy of 91.7 μJ at repetition rate of 10 kHz is obtained. The full width at half-maximum of the pulses is 4.1 μs, and the slope efficiency corresponding to the 1064 nm laser is more than 46%. The pulse build-up time and a pulsewidth decrease with an increase in the pump pulse energy are observed. In the gain-switched pulses, mode-lock-resembling pulses are detected. The subpulse’s duration is about 415 ns, including the cavity round-trip time, and the width varied from 80 to 320 ns, which is longer than the traditional mode-locked laser.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (5)

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. T. Sorokina, “YDFL operating in 1150–1200-nm spectral domain,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 419–425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Yang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped, gain-switching operation of a Tm-doped fiber laser with linear-polarized outpu,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–3 (2013).

J. Wang, S. Cui, L. Si, J. Chen, and Y. Feng, “All-fiber single-mode actively Q-switched laser at 1120  nm,” Opt. Express 21, 289–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Swiderski and M. Michalska, “Generation of self-mode-locked resembling pulses in a fast gain-switched thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1624–1626 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, “Development and applications of gain-switched fiber lasers [Invited],” Photon. Res. 1, 52–57 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Q-switched induced gain switching of a two-transition cascade laser,” Opt. Express 20, 13123–13128 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

2009 (3)

M. Giesberts, J. Geiger, M. Traub, and H. Hoffmann, “Novel design of a gain-switched diode-pumped fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952P (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “25  W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star,” Opt. Express 17, 19021–19026 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. D. Jackson, F. Bugge, and G. Erbert, “Directly diode-pumped holmium fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2496–2498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93–102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

1998 (1)

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 779–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Acco, S.

Adel, P.

Agrež, V.

R. Petkovšek, V. Agrež, and F. Bammer, “Gain-switching of a fiber laser: experiment and a simple theoretical model,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210L (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S.

Auerbach, M.

Bammer, F.

R. Petkovšek, V. Agrež, and F. Bammer, “Gain-switching of a fiber laser: experiment and a simple theoretical model,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210L (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Bjarklev, A.

Boyland, A. J.

Broeng, J.

Brunet, F.

Bugge, F.

Calia, D. B.

Chen, J.

J. Wang, S. Cui, L. Si, J. Chen, and Y. Feng, “All-fiber single-mode actively Q-switched laser at 1120  nm,” Opt. Express 21, 289–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

Codemard, C.

Cui, S.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. T. Sorokina, “YDFL operating in 1150–1200-nm spectral domain,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 419–425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Englander, A.

Erbert, G.

Fallnich, C.

Fang, Y.

Feng, Y.

Galarneau, P.

Geiger, J.

M. Giesberts, J. Geiger, M. Traub, and H. Hoffmann, “Novel design of a gain-switched diode-pumped fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952P (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giesberts, M.

M. Giesberts, J. Geiger, M. Traub, and H. Hoffmann, “Novel design of a gain-switched diode-pumped fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952P (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glick, Y.

Goyat, E.

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K. P.

Hoffmann, H.

M. Giesberts, J. Geiger, M. Traub, and H. Hoffmann, “Novel design of a gain-switched diode-pumped fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952P (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, T.

Huang, H.

Ibsen, M.

Jackson, S. D.

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kalita, M. P.

Katz, O.

King, T. A.

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 779–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

Kurkov, A. S.

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93–102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Larsen, C.

Lavi, R.

Le Corre, G.

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Lin, S.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Ma, Y.

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mattsson, K. E.

Medvedkov, O. I.

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. T. Sorokina, “YDFL operating in 1150–1200-nm spectral domain,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 419–425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Michalska, M.

Mugnier, A.

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H.-R.

Nafcha, Y.

Noordegraaf, D.

Olausson, C. B.

Petkovšek, R.

R. Petkovšek, V. Agrež, and F. Bammer, “Gain-switching of a fiber laser: experiment and a simple theoretical model,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210L (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, D.

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Shirakawa, A.

Si, L.

Sintov, Y.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

Sorokina, I. T.

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. T. Sorokina, “YDFL operating in 1150–1200-nm spectral domain,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 419–425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Swiderski, J.

Taillon, Y.

Tang, Y.

Tang, Y. L.

J. L. Yang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped, gain-switching operation of a Tm-doped fiber laser with linear-polarized outpu,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–3 (2013).

Taylor, L. R.

Traub, M.

M. Giesberts, J. Geiger, M. Traub, and H. Hoffmann, “Novel design of a gain-switched diode-pumped fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952P (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T.

Tsao, H.

Ueda, K.

Unger, S.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, J. Q.

J. L. Yang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped, gain-switching operation of a Tm-doped fiber laser with linear-polarized outpu,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–3 (2013).

Yang, J.

Yang, J. L.

J. L. Yang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped, gain-switching operation of a Tm-doped fiber laser with linear-polarized outpu,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–3 (2013).

Yoo, S.

Zhou, P.

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. V. Dvoyrin, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. T. Sorokina, “YDFL operating in 1150–1200-nm spectral domain,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 419–425 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “Efficient gain-switched operation of a Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 779–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Jacquemet, A. Mugnier, G. Le Corre, E. Goyat, and D. Pureur, “CW PM multiwatts Yb-doped fiber laser directly emitting at long wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 120–128 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Ma, and J. Chen, “Review on recent progress on Yb-doped fiber laser in a variety of oscillation spectral ranges,” Laser Phys. 22, 823–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

A. S. Kurkov, “Oscillation spectral range of Yb-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 93–102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Yang, Y. L. Tang, and J. Q. Xu, “Hybrid-pumped, gain-switching operation of a Tm-doped fiber laser with linear-polarized outpu,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 1–3 (2013).

Opt. Express (8)

P. Adel, M. Auerbach, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, H.-R. Müller, and J. Kirchhof, “Passive Q-switching by Tm3+co-doping of a Yb3+-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 2730–2735 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “25  W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star,” Opt. Express 17, 19021–19026 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Kalita, S. Alam, C. Codemard, S. Yoo, A. J. Boyland, M. Ibsen, and J. K. Sahu, “Multi-watts narrow-linewidth all fiber Yb-doped laser operating at 1179  nm,” Opt. Express 18, 5920–5925 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Olausson, A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, J. K. Lyngsø, J. Broeng, K. P. Hansen, A. Bjarklev, and K. Ueda, “167  W, power scalable ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1178  nm,” Opt. Express 18, 16345–16352 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Tsai, Y. Fang, H. Huang, H. Tsao, and S. Lin, “Saturable absorber Q- and gain-switched all-Yb3+ all-fiber laser at 976 and 1064  nm,” Opt. Express 18, 23523–23528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Larsen, D. Noordegraaf, P. M. W. Skovgaard, K. P. Hansen, K. E. Mattsson, and O. Bang, “Gain-switched CW fiber laser for improved supercontinuum generation in a PCF,” Opt. Express 19, 14883–14891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, T. Hu, and S. D. Jackson, “Q-switched induced gain switching of a two-transition cascade laser,” Opt. Express 20, 13123–13128 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, S. Cui, L. Si, J. Chen, and Y. Feng, “All-fiber single-mode actively Q-switched laser at 1120  nm,” Opt. Express 21, 289–294 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Res. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

R. Petkovšek, V. Agrež, and F. Bammer, “Gain-switching of a fiber laser: experiment and a simple theoretical model,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210L (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Giesberts, J. Geiger, M. Traub, and H. Hoffmann, “Novel design of a gain-switched diode-pumped fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952P (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Hybrid-pumped gain-switched YDFL setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser power at 1120 nm as a function of the launched 1064 nm average power at repetition rate of 10 kHz in single and hybrid-pumped cases. In the hybrid-pumped case the power of the 976 nm laser is 370 mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output pulse shape in (a) a long time range and (b) a short time range.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse shapes at pump power energy of (a) 58 and (b) 166 μJ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse build-up time and the pulsewidth (FWHM) change with the pump energy.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectrum of 1120 nm pulse laser at maximal output power.

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